MeSH
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Biomedical Occupation or Discipline

MeSH ID: T091

Related Concepts:

  • Acupuncture [M0379192]
    The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.
  • Adolescent Medicine [M0000469]
    A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period beginning with puberty until the cessation of somatic growth.
  • Adolescent Nutrition Sciences [M0491950]
  • Adolescent Psychiatry [M0000470]
    The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.
  • Adolescent Psychology [M0000471]
    Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
  • Aerospace Medicine [M0000515]
    A specialty which is concerned with the health and medical problems of man in AVIATION (aviation medicine) and SPACE FLIGHT.
  • Allergy (Specialty) [M0000729]
  • Allergy and Immunology [M0000730]
    A medical specialty concerned with the hypersensitivity of the individual to foreign substances and protection from the resultant infection or disorder.
  • Allied Health Occupations [M0025069]
    Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.
  • Alternative Medicine [M0000813]
  • Anatomy [M0001086]
  • Anatomy, Comparative [M0001088]
    The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)
  • Anatomy, Cross-Sectional [M0028883]
    Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
  • Anatomy, Veterinary [M0001090]
  • Andrology [M0022403]
    A scientific or medical discipline concerning the study of male reproductive biology, diseases of the male genital organs, and male infertility. Major areas of interest include ENDOCRINOLOGY; SPERMATOGENESIS; semen analysis; FERTILIZATION; CONTRACEPTION; and CRYOPRESERVATION.
  • Anesthesiology [M0001166]
    A specialty concerned with the study of anesthetics and anesthesia.
  • Animal Nutrition Sciences [M0491930]
    The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.
  • Astrobiology [M0027820]
  • Audiology [M0001956]
    The study of hearing and hearing impairment.
  • Aviation Medicine [M0000516]
  • Bacteriology [M0002138]
  • Bariatric Medicine [M0490373]
    The discipline concerned with WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with OBESITY.
  • Behavioral Disciplines and Activities [M0006561]
    The specialties in psychiatry and psychology, their diagnostic techniques and tests, their therapeutic methods, and psychiatric and psychological services.
  • Behavioral Medicine [M0002291]
    The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
  • Bio-Informatics [M0424650]
  • Bioethics [M0002514]
    A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
  • Biological Psychiatry [M0002534]
    An interdisciplinary science concerned with studies of the biological bases of behavior - biochemical, genetic, physiological, and neurological - and applying these to the understanding and treatment of mental illness.
  • Biology [M0002541]
    One of the biological sciences concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
  • Biomechanics [M0002542]
    The study of the application of mechanical laws and the action of forces to living structures.
  • Biomedical Engineering [M0002545]
    Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.
  • Biomedical Ethics [M0412695]
  • Biopharmaceutics [M0002551]
    The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.
  • Biophysics [M0002552]
  • Biotechnology [M0002564]
    Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer DATABASES, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
  • Brain Chemistry [M0002869]
  • Cardiology [M0003461]
    The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
  • Cellular Neurobiology [M0014696]
  • Chemistry, Clinical [M0004015]
    The specialty of analytical chemistry applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical [M0004017]
    Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
  • Child Guidance [M0004064]
    The psychiatric, sociological and psychological study and treatment of the developing child with emphasis on preventive or prophylactic measures focused on the familial, educational and socio-environmental milieu of the child.
  • Child Nutrition Sciences [M0491948]
    The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
  • Child Psychiatry [M0004070]
    The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.
  • Child Psychology [M0004071]
    The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
  • Chiropractic [M0004097]
    An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease. The spine is analyzed by X-rays and palpation, and vertebrae are adjusted manually to relieve pressures on the spinal cord. OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE was originally similar but has become more like FAMILY PRACTICE.
  • Chronobiology [M0004449]
    The study of biological systems as affected by time. Aging, biological rhythms, and cyclic phenomena are included. Statistical, computer-aided mathematical procedures are used to describe, in mathematical terminology, various biological functions over time.
  • Clinical Engineering [M0002546]
  • Clinical Informatics [M0013213]
  • Clinical Medicine [M0023871]
    The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
  • Cognitive Science [M0028784]
    The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Colorectal Surgery [M0004811]
    A surgical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and abnormalities of the colon, rectum, and anal canal.
  • Community Dentistry [M0004884]
    The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
  • Community Medicine [M0004899]
    A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
  • Community Psychiatry [M0004903]
    Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.
  • Complementary Medicine [M0381154]
  • Computational Biology [M0028727]
    A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories applicable to MOLECULAR BIOLOGY and areas of computer-based techniques for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
  • Computational Molecular Biology [M0424649]
  • Cytochemistry [M0010415]
  • Cytogenetics [M0005600]
    A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the cytological and molecular analysis of the CHROMOSOMES, and location of the GENES on chromosomes, and the movements of chromosomes during the CELL CYCLE.
  • Cytology [M0005603]
  • Dental Periodicals Publishing [M0011868]
  • Dentistry [M0005961]
    The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
  • Dentistry, Industrial [M0015188]
  • Dentistry, Operative [M0005962]
    That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
  • Dermatology [M0006058]
    A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
  • Dietetics [M0006344]
    The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.
  • Electronics, Medical [M0007201]
  • Embryology [M0007259]
    The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
  • Emergency Medicine [M0007275]
    A branch of medicine concerned with an individual's resuscitation, transportation and care from the point of injury or beginning of illness through the hospital or other emergency treatment facility.
  • Emergency Nursing [M0025230]
    The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
  • Endocrinology [M0007401]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the metabolism, physiology, and disorders of the endocrine system.
  • Endocrinology and Metabolism (Specialty) [M0007402]
  • Endodontics [M0007406]
    A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
  • Environment and Public Health [M0007503]
    Natural and man-made environments and their impact on public health.
  • Environment, Preventive Medicine and Public Health [M0018088]
  • Environmental Health [M0007509]
    The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
  • Environmental Medicine [M0029035]
    Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
  • enzymology [M0030398]
    Used with organisms, except vertebrates, and with organs and tissues. It is also used with diseases for enzymes during the course of the disease, but excludes diagnostic enzyme tests, for which "diagnosis" is used.
  • Epidemiology [M0007545]
    Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
  • Epidemiology, Molecular [M0026786]
    The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
  • Esthetic Surgery [M0020881]
  • Ethnopharmacology [M0328470]
    The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
  • Evidence-Based Medicine [M0028763]
    The process of systematically finding, appraising, and using contemporaneous research findings as the basis for clinical decisions. Evidence-based medicine asks questions, finds and appraises the relevant data, and harnesses that information for everyday clinical practice. Evidence-based medicine follows four steps: formulate a clear clinical question from a patient's problem; search the literature for relevant clinical articles; evaluate (critically appraise) the evidence for its validity and usefulness; implement useful findings in clinical practice. The term "evidence based medicine" (no hyphen) was coined at McMaster Medical School in Canada in the 1980's to label this clinical learning strategy, which people at the school had been developing for over a decade. (From BMJ 1995;310:1122)
  • Existential Psychology [M0008017]
  • Exobiology [M0027821]
    The interdisciplinary science that studies evolutionary biology, including the origin and evolution of the major elements required for life, their processing in the interstellar medium and in protostellar systems. This field also includes the study of chemical evolution and the subsequent interactions between evolving biota and planetary evolution as well as the field of biology that deals with the study of extraterrestrial life.
  • Exodontics [M0020876]
  • Family Practice [M0008220]
    A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
  • Forensic Anthropology [M0028064]
    Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
  • Forensic Dentistry [M0008747]
    The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
  • Forensic Genetics [M0496629]
    The application of genetic analyses and MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES to legal matters and crime analysis.
  • Forensic Medicine [M0008748]
    The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
  • Forensic Nursing [M0494893]
    The application of NURSING knowledge to questions of law. It is a specialty of nursing practice involving victims of crime which includes not only attending to the physical and emotional distress of victims, but also the identifying, collecting, and preserving evidence for law enforcement and the criminal justice system.
  • Forensic Pathology [M0464479]
    The application of pathology to questions of law.
  • Forensic Psychiatry [M0008750]
    Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.
  • Gastroenterology [M0009021]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
  • General Practice [M0008221]
  • General Practice, Dental [M0009074]
    Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
  • Genetic Counseling [M0009125]
    An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
  • Genetic Counseling, Prenatal [M0442311]
  • Genetics [M0009137]
    The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)
  • Genetics, Behavioral [M0009140]
    The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
  • Genetics, Biochemical [M0009142]
    A branch of genetics which deals with the chemical structure of the genes and with the mechanisms by which the genes control and regulate the structure and synthesis of proteins.
  • Genetics, Medical [M0009144]
    A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.
  • Genetics, Microbial [M0009146]
    A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the genetic mechanisms and processes of microorganisms.
  • Genetics, Molecular [M0009143]
  • Genomics [M0361071]
    The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
  • Geriatric Dentistry [M0009194]
    The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.
  • Geriatric Nursing [M0009195]
    Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
  • Geriatric Psychiatry [M0009196]
    A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.
  • Geriatrics [M0009197]
    The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.
  • Gynecology [M0009716]
    A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
  • Health Care Ethics [M0412696]
  • Health Education [M0009831]
    Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
  • Health Occupations [M0009857]
    Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
  • Health Physics [M0009860]
    The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.
  • Health Psychology [M0002292]
  • Hematology [M0010047]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with morphology, physiology, and pathology of the blood and blood-forming tissues.
  • Hepatology [M0009022]
  • Herbalism [M0013259]
  • Hindu Medicine [M0013256]
  • Histology [M0010418]
  • Histology, Comparative [M0010419]
  • Holistic Nursing [M0028308]
    A philosophy of nursing practice that takes into account total patient care, considering the physical, emotional, social, economic, and spiritual needs of patients, their response to their illnesses, and the effect of illness on patients' abilities to meet self-care needs. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed, p745)
  • Hospital Auxiliaries [M0010558]
    Volunteer organizations whose members perform work for the hospital without compensation.
  • Human Genetics [M0009145]
  • Hygiene [M0010797]
    The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Immunochemistry [M0011090]
    Field of chemistry that pertains to immunological phenomena and the study of chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues. It includes physicochemical interactions between antigens and antibodies.
  • Immunogenetics [M0011101]
    A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the genetic basis of the immune response (IMMUNITY).
  • Immunology [M0000731]
  • Industrial Nursing [M0015192]
  • Infant Nutrition Sciences [M0491949]
  • Information Science, Medical [M0013216]
  • Internal Medicine [M0011519]
    A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
  • Journalism, Dental [M0011867]
    Content, management, editing, policies, and printing of dental periodicals such as journals, newsletters, tabloids, and bulletins.
  • Journalism, Medical [M0027366]
    The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
  • Jurisprudence, Psychiatric [M0008751]
  • Kinematics [M0002543]
  • Kinesiology, Applied [M0028323]
    The study of muscles and the movement of the human body. In holistic medicine it is the balance of movement and the interaction of a person's energy systems. Applied kinesiology is the name given by its inventor, Dr. George Goodheart, to the system of applying muscle testing diagnostically and therapeutically to different aspects of health care. (Thorsons Introductory Guide to Kinesiology, 1992, p13)
  • Laboratory Animal Science [M0012122]
    The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
  • Language Pathology [M0020251]
  • Maternal-Child Nursing [M0025067]
    The nursing specialty that deals with the care of women throughout their pregnancy and childbirth and the care of their newborn children.
  • Medical Computer Science [M0013214]
  • Medical Illustration [M0013210]
    The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
  • Medical Informatics [M0013215]
    The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
  • Medical Informatics Computing [M0013218]
    Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
  • Medical Oncology [M0013221]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
  • Medicine [M0013251]
    The art and science of preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.
  • Medicine, African [M0025171]
  • Medicine, African Traditional [M0025170]
    A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
  • Medicine, Arabic [M0013254]
  • Medicine, Ayurvedic [M0013255]
    The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
  • Medicine, Emporiatric [M0021853]
  • Medicine, Herbal [M0383593]
    The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.
  • Medicine, Kampo [M0328574]
    System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
  • Medicine, Legal [M0008749]
  • Medicine, Space [M0000517]
  • Medicine, Unani [M0028822]
    A modified Greco-Arabic medical system flourishing today as unani medicine. It was the product of Arab physicians and scholars captivated by Greek philosophy, science, and medicine. It is practiced today in India and Pakistan, largely as a type of herbal medicine. (From Magner, A History of Medicine, 1992, p136)
  • Microbiology [M0013767]
    The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.
  • Military Dentistry [M0013869]
    The practice of dentistry as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
  • Military Hygiene [M0013870]
  • Military Medicine [M0013871]
    The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
  • Military Nursing [M0013873]
    The practice of nursing in military environments.
  • Military Psychiatry [M0013882]
    Branch of psychiatry concerned with problems related to the prevention, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of mental or emotional disorders of Armed Forces personnel.
  • Molecular Biology [M0013984]
    A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
  • Molecular Neurobiology [M0014697]
  • Naval Medicine [M0014529]
    The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
  • Neonatal Nursing [M0026237]
    The nursing specialty that deals with the care of newborn infants during the first four weeks after birth.
  • Neonatology [M0014572]
    A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
  • Nephrology [M0014632]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the kidney.
  • Neuroanatomy [M0014695]
    Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.
  • Neurobiology [M0014698]
  • Neurochemistry [M0014700]
  • Neuroendocrinology [M0014706]
    The study of the anatomical and functional relationships between the nervous system and the endocrine system.
  • Neurology [M0014717]
    A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
  • Neuropharmacology [M0014749]
    The branch of pharmacology dealing especially with the action of drugs upon various parts of the nervous system.
  • Neurophysiology [M0014756]
    The scientific discipline concerned with the physiology of the nervous system.
  • Neuropsychology [M0014760]
    A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.
  • Neurosciences [M0014763]
    The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.
  • Neurosurgery [M0014770]
    A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.
  • Nuclear Medicine [M0015036]
    A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
  • Nursing [M0015095]
    The field of nursing care concerned with the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health.
  • Nursing, Maternity [M0025068]
  • Nursing, Military and Naval [M0013872]
  • Nursing, Perinatal [M0026238]
  • Nursing, Practical [M0015111]
    The practice of nursing by licensed, non-registered persons qualified to provide routine care to the sick.
  • Nutritional Sciences [M0489126]
    The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
  • Obstetrical Nursing [M0015173]
    Nursing care given to the pregnant patient before, after, or during childbirth.
  • Obstetrics [M0015174]
    A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
  • Occupational Dentistry [M0015187]
    The branch of dentistry concerned with maintaining oral health of employees in occupational environments.
  • Occupational Health Nursing [M0015193]
    The practice of nursing in the work environment.
  • Occupational Medicine [M0015197]
    Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
  • Occupational Therapy [M0015198]
    The field concerned with utilizing craft or work activities in the rehabilitation of patients. Occupational therapy can also refer to the activities themselves.
  • Oncologic Nursing [M0015302]
    Nursing care provided cancer patients. It includes aspects of family functioning through education of both patient and family. The specialty of oncologic nursing focuses on cancer as a major health care problem.
  • Ophthalmology [M0015331]
    A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.
  • Optometry [M0015366]
    The professional practice of primary eye and vision care that includes the measurement of visual refractive power and the correction of visual defects with lenses or glasses.
  • Oral Medicine [M0028655]
    A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
  • Orthodontic Appliance Design [M0025061]
    The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
  • Orthodontics [M0015463]
    A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
  • Orthopedic Nursing [M0025231]
    The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of the orthopedic patient.
  • Orthopedic Surgery [M0015482]
  • Orthopedics [M0015481]
    A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
  • Orthopsychiatry [M0015483]
    The study and treatment of human behavior problems utilizing principles derived from the behavioral, medical, and social science with emphasis on promotion of mental health.
  • Osteopathic Medicine [M0015548]
    A system of therapy and medicine based on the theory that the normal body is a vital mechanical organism whose structural and functional states are of equal importance and is capable of making its own remedies against infections and toxic conditions when there are favorable environmental circumstances and adequate nutrition.
  • Otolaryngology [M0015567]
    A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
  • Otology [M0015568]
  • Otorhinolaryngology [M0015569]
  • Paleodontology [M0015768]
    The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.
  • Paleopathology [M0015771]
    The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
  • Parapsychology [M0015913]
    Branch of psychology that deals with paranormal behavior and events such as telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, which are not explicable by present day "natural laws".
  • Pastoral Psychology [M0016003]
  • Pathology [M0016013]
    A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.
  • Pathology, Clinical [M0016015]
    A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
  • Pathology, Oral [M0016016]
    A dental specialty concerned with pathology of the oral cavity.
  • Pathology, Speech [M0020252]
  • Pathology, Surgical [M0016017]
    A field of anatomical pathology in which living tissue is surgically removed for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment.
  • Pathology, Veterinary [M0016018]
    The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.
  • Pediatric Dentistry [M0016093]
    The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
  • Pediatric Nursing [M0016083]
    The nursing care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.
  • Pediatrics [M0016084]
    A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
  • Perinatology [M0016313]
    The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
  • Periodontics [M0016339]
    A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
  • Perioperative Nursing [M0020901]
    Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.
  • Pharmacoepidemiology [M0027034]
    The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))
  • Pharmacogenetics [M0016464]
    A branch of genetics which deals with the genetic variability in individual responses to drugs and drug metabolism (BIOTRANSFORMATION).
  • Pharmacogenomics [M0400607]
    A subdiscipline of PHARMACOGENETICS using GENOMICS and PROTEOMICS methodology to study genetic variability of responses to drugs and drug metabolism (BIOTRANSFORMATION).
  • Pharmacognosy [M0016465]
    The science of drugs prepared from natural-sources including preparations from PLANTS, animals, and other organisms as well as MINERALS and other substances included in MATERIA MEDICA. The therapeutic usage of plants is PHYTOTHERAPY.
  • Pharmacology [M0016468]
    The study of the origin, nature, properties, and actions of drugs and their effects on living organisms.
  • Pharmacology, Clinical [M0016469]
    The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
  • Pharmacy [M0016473]
    The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.
  • Photobiology [M0027698]
    The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms.
  • Physical Medicine [M0016786]
    A medical specialty concerned with the use of physical agents, mechanical apparatus, and manipulation in rehabilitating physically diseased or injured patients.
  • Physical Therapy (Specialty) [M0378771]
    The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiologic origin.
  • Physiology [M0016812]
    The science which treats of the functions of the living organism and its parts, and of the physical and chemical factors and processes involved. (Dorland, 27th ed)
  • Physiology, Comparative [M0016813]
  • Podiatry [M0017085]
    A specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders and injuries and anatomic defects of the foot.
  • Postanesthesia Nursing [M0025229]
    The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients in the recovery room following surgery and/or anesthesia.
  • Preventive Dentistry [M0017565]
    The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
  • Preventive Medicine [M0017567]
    A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.
  • Preventive Psychiatry [M0017568]
    A discipline concerned with the prevention of mental illness and the promotion of mental health.
  • Private Practice [M0017590]
    Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.
  • Proctology [M0004813]
  • Prosthodontics [M0017839]
    A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing teeth and structures by artificial devices or prostheses.
  • Proteomics [M0424550]
    The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.
  • Psychiatric Nursing [M0017980]
    A specialty concerned with the application of psychiatric principles in caring for the mentally ill. It also includes the nursing care provided the mentally ill patient.
  • Psychiatry [M0017987]
    The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
  • Psychoacoustics [M0017988]
    The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.
  • Psychoanalysis [M0017989]
    The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
  • Psychogenetics [M0009141]
  • Psychoimmunology [M0018032]
  • Psychology [M0018011]
    The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.
  • Psychology, Clinical [M0018014]
    The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
  • Psychology, Comparative [M0018015]
    The branch of psychology concerned with similarities or differences in the behavior of different animal species or of different races or peoples.
  • Psychology, Educational [M0018016]
    The branch of psychology concerned with psychological aspects of teaching and the formal learning process in school.
  • Psychology, Experimental [M0018017]
    The branch of psychology which seeks to learn more about the fundamental causes of behavior by studying various psychologic phenomena in controlled experimental situations.
  • Psychology, Industrial [M0018018]
    The branch of applied psychology concerned with the application of psychologic principles and methods to industrial problems including selection and training of workers, working conditions, etc.
  • Psychology, Infant [M0004072]
  • Psychology, Medical [M0018019]
    A branch of psychology in which there is collaboration between psychologists and physicians in the management of medical problems. It differs from clinical psychology, which is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavior disorders.
  • Psychology, Social [M0018021]
    The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
  • Psychoneuroimmunology [M0018031]
    The field concerned with the interrelationship between the brain, behavior and the immune system. Neuropsychologic, neuroanatomic and psychosocial studies have demonstrated their role in accentuating or diminishing immune/allergic responses.
  • Psychopathology [M0018033]
    The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
  • Psychopharmacology [M0018034]
    The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.
  • Psychophysics [M0018035]
    The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
  • Psychophysiology [M0018037]
    The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.
  • Psychosomatic Medicine [M0018047]
    A system of medicine which aims at discovering the exact nature of the relationship between the emotions and bodily function, affirming the principle that the mind and body are one.
  • Public Health [M0018089]
    Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
  • Public Health Dentistry [M0018091]
    A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.
  • Public Health Nursing [M0018093]
    The field of nursing focusing on the health of the community through educational and preventive programs, as well as providing treatment and diagnostic services.
  • Pulmonary Disease (Specialty) [M0023512]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the respiratory system. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
  • Radiation Genetics [M0018379]
    A subdiscipline of genetics that studies RADIATION EFFECTS on the components and processes of biological inheritance.
  • Radiation Oncology [M0028126]
    A subspecialty of medical oncology and radiology concerned with the radiotherapy of cancer.
  • Radiobiology [M0018408]
    Study of the scientific principles, mechanisms, and effects of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living matter. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
  • Radiologic Health [M0018427]
    Health concerns associated with the effects of radiation on the environment and on public and personal health.
  • Radiology [M0018428]
    A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
  • Radiology, Interventional [M0023979]
    Subspecialty of radiology that combines organ system radiography, catheter techniques and sectional imaging.
  • Radiology, Nuclear [M0015037]
  • Reflexology [M0013087]
  • Regenerative Medicine [M0446831]
    A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.
  • Rehabilitation Nursing [M0028542]
    The diagnosis and treatment of human responses of individuals and groups to actual or potential health problems with the characteristics of altered functional ability and altered life-style. (American Nurses Association & Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. Standards of Rehabilitation Nursing Practice, 1986, p.2)
  • Reproductive Health [M0027691]
  • Reproductive Medicine [M0027692]
    A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
  • Rheumatology [M0019018]
    A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of inflammatory or degenerative processes and metabolic derangement of connective tissue structures which pertain to a variety of musculoskeletal disorders, such as arthritis.
  • School Dentistry [M0019508]
    Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.
  • School Nursing [M0019511]
    Health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.
  • Serology [M0019681]
    The study of serum, especially of antigen-antibody reactions in vitro.
  • Sexology [M0019713]
    This discipline concerns the study of SEXUALITY, and the application of sexual knowledge such as sexual attitudes, psychology, and SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. Scope of application generally includes educational (SEX EDUCATION), clinical (SEX COUNSELING), and other settings.
  • Siddha Medicine [M0438731]
    A derivative of Ayurveda Rasashastra alchemy.
  • Social Medicine [M0020032]
    A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
  • Social Psychiatry [M0004904]
  • Social Work, Psychiatric [M0020066]
    Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
  • Sociology, Medical [M0020089]
    The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
  • Solo Practice [M0017591]
  • Specialties, Dental [M0020216]
    Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
  • Specialties, Medical [M0020217]
    Various branches of medical practice limited to specialized areas.
  • Specialties, Nursing [M0020218]
    Various branches of nursing practice limited to specialized areas.
  • Specialties, Surgical [M0020219]
    Various branches of surgical practice limited to specialized areas.
  • Speech Therapy [M0020257]
  • Speech-Language Pathology [M0020250]
    The study of speech or language disorders and their diagnosis and correction.
  • Sports Medicine [M0020389]
    The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in sports activities.
  • Submarine Medicine [M0020669]
    The field of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of people in submarines or sealabs.
  • Surgery [M0020860]
    A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
  • Surgery Specialty, Colon [M0004812]
  • Surgery, Cardiac [M0021405]
  • Surgery, Cosmetic [M0020880]
  • Surgery, Oral [M0020875]
    A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
  • Surgery, Plastic [M0020879]
    The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
  • Surgery, Veterinary [M0020885]
    A board-certified specialty of VETERINARY MEDICINE, requiring at least four years of special education, training, and practice of veterinary surgery after graduation from veterinary school. In the written, oral, and practical examinations candidates may choose either large or small animal surgery. (From AVMA Directory, 43d ed, p278)
  • Systems Biology [M0464791]
    Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.
  • Technology, Dental [M0021112]
    The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
  • Technology, Medical [M0021116]
    The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.
  • Technology, Medical Laboratory [M0028881]
  • Technology, Pharmaceutical [M0021117]
    The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy, pharmacology, and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures and in the treatment of patients.
  • Technology, Radiologic [M0021118]
    The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.
  • Therapeutic Radiology [M0028125]
  • Thoracic Surgery [M0021404]
    A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
  • Toxicogenetics [M0424731]
    The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.
  • Toxicogenomics [M0424730]
    The collection, interpretation and storage of information about gene and protein activity in order to identify toxic substances in the environment and those populations at greatest risk to environmental diseases.
  • Toxicology [M0021722]
    The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.
  • Toxinology [M0373320]
    The science concerned with the toxins produced by bacteria, plants, and animals.
  • Transcultural Nursing [M0025503]
    A nursing specialty created to answer the need for developing a global perspective in the practice of nursing in a world of interdependent nations and people. The focus of this nursing discipline is on the integration of international and transcultural content into the training. Courses include study in the area of cultural differences, nursing in other countries, and international health issues and organizations, as an example.
  • Traumatology [M0021850]
    The medical specialty which deals with WOUNDS and INJURIES as well as resulting disability, disorders, and STRESS from physical and psychological traumas.
  • Tropical Medicine [M0022035]
    The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
  • Urology [M0022402]
    A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
  • Venereology [M0022588]
    A branch of medicine which deals with sexually transmitted disease.
  • Veterinary Medicine [M0022648]
    The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
  • Veterinary Nutrition Sciences [M0491931]
  • Veterinary Service, Military [M0022649]
    A corps of the armed services concerned with animal medicine, the chief interest of which is the care of government-owned working dogs (as in the military police units), working horses (as in state funerals), and working military dolphins (as in undersea exploration and other activities). In the United States Army Veterinary Corps animal medicine overlaps and interconnects with biomedical research using laboratory research animals. A related activity is laboratory animal care. The Corps provides limited care for privately owned animals of military personnel through non-appropriated funds. Military service veterinarians in the United States Army must be graduates of accredited veterinary schools and must have a state license. (Telephone communication with Lt. Col. William Inskeep II, U.S. Army Veterinary Corps, October 4, 1994)
  • Virology [M0022752]
  • Zoology [M0023155]