MeSH ID: T168

Related Concepts:

  • Abelmoschus esculentus [M0029167]
  • Absinthe [M0027939]
    An extract of absinthium and other bitter herbs, containing 60% alcohol. Prolonged ingestion causes nervousness, convulsions, trismus, amblyopia, optic neuritis, and mental deterioration. (Dorland, 27th ed)
  • Accent [M0373242]
  • Alcoholic Beverages [M0000658]
    Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
  • Allspice [M0387947]
  • Almond [M0381055]
    Nuts from which almond oil is pressed.
  • Animal Feed [M0001224]
  • Anise [M0399424]
  • Apple [M0439214]
  • Apricot [M0029220]
    Prunus armeniaca L. is the source of apricots.
  • Artichoke [M0399087]
  • Asafoetida [M0008385]
  • Aubergine [M0400199]
  • Avocado [M0029331]
    A fruit of trees of the Persea genus. It is known for its oily content.
  • Banana [M0387987]
  • Barley [M0401223]
  • Bay Leaf [M0383898]
  • Bean, Kidney [M0460642]
    Edible beans from Phaseolus vulgaris.
  • Bean, Tepary [M0460639]
    Edible beans from Phaseolus acutifolius.
  • Beans [M0012310]
  • Beer [M0002275]
    An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
  • Beets [M0029186]
  • Bell Pepper [M0400167]
  • Berries [M0008866]
  • Beverages [M0002446]
    Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
  • Bilberry [M0388814]
  • Black Currant [M0456339]
  • Black Pepper [M0026366]
    A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water. PIPERINE is a key component used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs.
  • Blueberry [M0388809]
  • Brazil Nuts [M0397330]
  • Bread [M0002903]
    Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
  • Breadfruit [M0400665]
  • Broccoli [M0002895]
  • Brussel Sprout [M0002897]
  • Buckwheat [M0479255]
  • Butter [M0003098]
    The fatty portion of milk, separated as a soft yellowish solid when milk or cream is churned. It is processed for cooking and table use. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Buttermilk [M0013887]
  • Cabbage [M0002893]
  • Candy [M0003263]
    Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.
  • Capers [M0397589]
    The pickled flower buds of CAPPARIS.
  • Carbonated Beverages [M0003378]
    Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
  • Carrots [M0396496]
  • Cashew [M0399383]
  • Cauliflower [M0002898]
  • Cayenne Pepper [M0003310]
  • Celery [M0456337]
  • Cereals [M0003852]
    Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
  • Chard [M0029185]
  • Cheese [M0003999]
    A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
  • Cherry [M0381053]
  • Chickpea [M0388817]
  • Chicory [M0027946]
    A thick-rooted perennial (Cichorium intybus) native to Europe but widely grown for its young leaves used as salad greens and for its roots, dried and ground-roasted, used to flavor or adulterate coffee. (From Webster, 3d ed)
  • Chilli Pepper [M0400166]
  • Chive [M0000741]
    A plant in the genus ALLIUM, similar to ONIONS.
  • Chocolate [M0003124]
  • Cilantro [M0389645]
  • Cinnamon [M0380058]
    The dried inner bark of the Cinnamon tree is used medicinally and in SPICES.
  • Clove [M0442545]
  • Cocoa [M0003125]
  • Coconut [M0396549]
  • Coffee [M0004718]
    A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.
  • Collard Green [M0002900]
  • Condiments [M0004987]
    Aromatic substances added to food before or after cooking to enhance its flavor. These are usually of vegetable origin.
  • Coriander [M0389643]
  • Corn [M0401524]
  • Corn Oil [M0005174]
    Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
  • Cottonseed Oil [M0005252]
    Oil obtained from the seeds of Gossypium herbaceum L., the cotton plant. It is used in dietary products such as oleomargarine and many cooking oils. Cottonseed oil is commonly used in soaps and cosmetics.
  • Cranberry [M0388813]
  • Crops, Agricultural [M0027818]
    Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
  • Cucumbers [M0460673]
  • Cultured Milk Products [M0442705]
    Milk modified with controlled FERMENTATION. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KAFFIR CORN.
  • Cumin [M0389646]
  • Dairy Products [M0005646]
    Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.
  • Diet [M0006324]
    Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.
  • Diet, Chemically Defined [M0008707]
  • Diet, Elemental [M0008708]
  • Diet, Formula [M0008709]
  • Dietary Carbohydrates [M0006334]
    Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
  • Dietary Fats [M0006335]
    Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated [M0006337]
    Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
  • Dietary Fiber [M0006339]
    The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
  • Dietary Oils [M0006338]
  • Dietary Sucrose [M0028896]
    Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
  • Dietary Supplements [M0029085]
    Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide essential nutrients, such as a vitamin, an essential mineral, a protein, an herb, or similar nutritional substance. (FDA Backgrounder, June 15, 1993, p2)
  • Egg Proteins, Dietary [M0023708]
    Proteins found in eggs which are consumed as a food.
  • Egg White [M0007128]
    The white of an egg, especially a chicken's egg, used in cooking. It contains albumin. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Egg White Proteins, Dietary [M0023709]
  • Egg Yolk [M0007129]
    Cytoplasm stored in an egg that contains nutritional reserves for the developing embryo. It is rich in polysaccharides, lipids, and proteins.
  • Eggs [M0007130]
    Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.
  • Fennel [M0456341]
  • Figs [M0398513]
  • Filbert [M0396861]
    Nuts from CORYLUS used for food.
  • Fish Flour [M0008516]
    A flour made of pulverized, dried fish or fish parts.
  • Fish Products [M0008519]
    Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
  • Flour [M0008572]
    Ground up seed of WHEAT.
  • Food [M0008671]
    Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
  • Food Additives [M0008672]
    Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
  • Food and Beverages [M0029101]
    Edible or potable substances.
  • Food, Canned [M0008697]
  • Food, Dried [M0008698]
  • Food, Formulated [M0008711]
    Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
  • Food, Fortified [M0008713]
    Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the fortified food. The supplementation of cereals with iron and vitamins is an example of fortified food. Fortified food includes also enriched food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those essential nutrients removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
  • Food, Genetically Modified [M0390543]
    Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).
  • Food, Irradiated [M0008689]
  • Food, Preserved [M0008699]
  • Food, Supplemented [M0029088]
  • Foods, Specialized [M0029151]
    Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.
  • Frozen Foods [M0008851]
  • Fruit [M0008867]
    The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
  • Fruit, Citrus [M0004525]
  • Garlic [M0008992]
    Allium sativum. One of the Liliaceae used as a spice and traditional remedy. It contains allicin, the pungent active ingredient, which may reduce blood cholesterol and inhibit platelet aggregation.
  • Gelatin [M0009052]
    A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.
  • Ghee [M0006336]
  • Goiaba [M0456340]
  • Gooseberry [M0456338]
  • Granadilla [M0384995]
  • Grapefruit [M0399876]
  • Grapes [M0387948]
  • Ground Cherry [M0400191]
  • Groundnuts [M0388816]
  • Health Food [M0028531]
    A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. Health foods have been attributed with the ability to prevent the development of diseases, slow the aging process, and prolong life. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
  • Hickory Nuts [M0399706]
  • Honey [M0010527]
    A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.
  • Horseradish [M0456334]
  • Huckleberry [M0388811]
  • Ice Cream [M0010976]
    A frozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavorings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs.
  • Infant Food [M0011270]
    Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
  • Infant Formula [M0439715]
    Liquid formulations for the nutrition of INFANTS, useful for those with special needs or MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY or those whose mothers are unable to breastfeed (BREAST FEEDING).
  • Jackfruit [M0400664]
  • Jalapeno Pepper [M0003314]
  • Jujube [M0399110]
  • Kale [M0002896]
  • Kefir [M0013888]
  • Leeks [M0460652]
    Onion like roots from Allium porrum.
  • Lentils [M0012313]
  • Lettuce [M0027807]
    Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Licorice [M0009510]
  • Limes [M0399873]
  • Lingonberry [M0388815]
  • Lipomul [M0005175]
  • Loquats [M0399783]
  • Macadamia Nut [M0424090]
  • Malt [M0003853]
    Product derived from partially germinated BARLEY seed.
  • Mango [M0399403]
  • Margarine [M0013030]
    A butterlike product made of refined vegetable oils, sometimes blended with animal fats, and emulsified usually with water or milk. It is used as a butter substitute. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Marjoram [M0399724]
  • Maternal Nutrition Physiology [M0015117]
    Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
  • Meal on Wheels [M0008703]
  • Meat [M0013155]
    The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
  • Meat Products [M0013156]
    Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
  • Melons [M0456344]
  • Milk [M0013885]
    The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Milk Substitutes [M0013886]
    Food BEVERAGES that are used as nutritional substitutes for MILK.
  • Millet [M0401714]
  • Mineral Waters [M0013898]
    Water naturally or artificially infused with mineral salts or gases (carbon dioxide).
  • Miso [M0449133]
  • Molasses [M0013982]
    The syrup remaining after sugar is crystallized out of SUGARCANE or sugar beet juice. It is also used in ANIMAL FEED, and in a fermented form, is used to make industrial ETHYL ALCOHOL and ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
  • Mustard [M0479273]
  • Natto [M0449141]
    SOYBEANS fermented with NATTO BACTERIA.
  • Nori [M0445669]
  • Nutmeg [M0026367]
    The seed is used as a spice and used for antimicrobial and psychoactive effects.
  • Nuts [M0015128]
    Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.
  • Oats [M0401192]
  • Oils, Vegetable [M0016960]
  • Okra [M0479269]
    Fruit of Abelmoschus esculentus.
  • Olives [M0400706]
  • Onions [M0029250]
    Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.
  • Oranges [M0399881]
  • Oregano [M0399723]
  • Organic Food [M0028530]
  • Papaya [M0388803]
  • Paprika [M0003311]
  • Parsley [M0029172]
  • Parsnips [M0029176]
  • Passionfruit [M0384994]
  • Peach [M0381054]
    Prunus persica (L.) Batsch is the source of peaches.
  • Pears [M0399295]
  • Peas [M0027783]
    A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)
  • Pecans [M0399705]
  • Pimiento [M0400165]
  • Pimpinella anisum [M0399423]
  • Pineapple [M0399563]
  • Pistachio Nuts [M0383873]
  • Plants, Edible [M0016969]
    An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
  • Plum [M0381052]
  • Pomegranate [M0400768]
  • Potassium, Dietary [M0026436]
    Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.
  • Potatoes [M0017387]
  • Poultry Products [M0017391]
    Food products manufactured from poultry.
  • Quinoa [M0479268]
  • Radish [M0456335]
  • Raisins [M0402108]
  • Rhubarb [M0019055]
  • Rice [M0401228]
  • Roughage [M0006341]
  • Rutabaga [M0403566]
  • Rye [M0401407]
  • Safflower Oil [M0019344]
    An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Savory [M0399725]
  • Seafood [M0026821]
    Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.
  • Seeds [M0019596]
    The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
  • Semolina Flour [M0492143]
    Ground up seed of durum wheat.
  • Sesame [M0400723]
  • Sesame Oil [M0019701]
    The refined fixed oil obtained from the seed of one or more cultivated varieties of Sesamum indicum. It is used as a solvent and oleaginous vehicle for drugs and has been used internally as a laxative and externally as a skin softener. It is used also in the manufacture of margarine, soap, and cosmetics. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Shallots [M0000743]
    Mildly aromatic herb in the Allium genus related to ONIONS and garlic used in SPICES.
  • Shellfish [M0019768]
    Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
  • Silage [M0019849]
    Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
  • Sodium Chloride, Dietary [M0026729]
    Sodium chloride used in foods.
  • Sodium Glutamate [M0020104]
    One of the FLAVORING AGENTS used to impart a meat-like flavor. Medically it has been used to reduce blood ammonia levels in ammoniacal azotemia, therapy of hepatic coma, in psychosis, and mental retardation.
  • Sodium, Dietary [M0020120]
    Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
  • Soy Cheese [M0449140]
  • Soy Foods [M0449129]
    Foods made from SOYBEANS. Health benefits are ascribed to the high levels of DIETARY PROTEINS and ISOFLAVONES.
  • Soy Milk [M0439714]
    A beverage prepared from SOYBEANS.
  • Soy Sauce [M0449132]
  • Soybean Oil [M0020187]
    Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
  • Soybeans [M0020188]
    An annual legume or the seeds of this plant.
  • Spices [M0026364]
    The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.
  • Spinach [M0456343]
  • Squashes [M0403535]
  • Strawberry [M0399289]
  • Sugars, Dietary [M0028895]
  • Sweet Potato [M0401805]
  • Synthetic Diet [M0008712]
  • Tapioca [M0003601]
  • Taro [M0399445]
  • Tea [M0021081]
    The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Oriental tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.
  • Teas, Herbal [M0002447]
  • Teas, Medicinal [M0002448]
  • Tempeh [M0449131]
  • Texturized Soy Protein [M0449279]
  • Thyme [M0029229]
  • Tofu [M0449130]
  • Tomatoes [M0400246]
  • Tri-Sweet [M0001822]
  • Triticale [M0003855]
  • Tumeric [M0388826]
  • Turnip [M0403565]
  • Vegetables [M0022576]
  • Vestin [M0373241]
  • Watermelon [M0385290]
  • Wheat [M0401423]
  • Wheat Bran [M0006340]
  • White Pepper [M0026365]
    From the same plant as P. nigrum, White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water. Sometimes called Piper album.
  • Wine [M0022982]
    Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
  • Yam [M0456336]
  • Yeast, Dried [M0023085]
    The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.
  • Yogurt [M0023101]
    A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.
  • Yolk Proteins, Dietary [M0023710]