Functional Concept

MeSH ID: T169

Related Concepts:

  • abnormalities [M0030203]
    Used with organs for congenital defects producing changes in the morphology of the organ. It is used also for abnormalities in animals.
  • absorption [M0030696]
  • Access to Information [M0356723]
    Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
  • Active Site [M0002502]
  • agenesis [M0030204]
  • Allosteric Site [M0000747]
    A site on an enzyme which upon binding of a modulator, causes the protein to undergo a conformational change that may alter the catalytic or binding properties of the enzyme.
  • Angiogenesis Modulating Agents [M0443876]
    Agents that modulate the PHYSIOLOGIC ANGIOGENESIS process. This is accomplished by endogenous ANGIOGENIC PROTEINS and a variety of other chemicals and pharmaceutical agents.
  • anthropology [M0030406]
  • aplasia [M0030209]
  • atresia [M0030210]
  • bacteria [M0030592]
  • Bay Region (Chemistry) [M0027609]
    An indentation of three fused benzene rings. A common bay region is the site on BENZO(A)PYRENE, an indirect carcinogen that is metabolically activated by the P-450 system at the 7,8-double bond, leading to a 7,8-oxide, which is rapidly converted to a 7,8-dihydrodiol and later epoxidated near the bay region at the 9,10-double bond. The resulting product, a diol-epoxide is a poor substrate for epoxide hydratase and is released from the mitochondria into the cell as a highly reactive electrophil, becoming an 'ultimate' carcinogen, as it reacts with negative charges in DNA. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
  • binding [M0030699]
  • biochemical pathways [M0030578]
  • biochemical transport [M0030700]
  • biodegradation [M0030576]
  • biopsy [M0030687]
  • biosynthesis [M0030287]
    Used for the anabolic formation of chemical substances in organisms, in living cells, or by subcellular fractions.
  • biotransformation [M0030577]
  • Bite Force [M0002613]
    The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
  • Blood Flow Velocity [M0002689]
    A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
  • catabolism [M0030583]
  • Cellulase Enzyme Systems [M0445479]
  • cerebrospinal fluid [M0030318]
    Used for the presence or analysis of substances in the cerebrospinal fluid; also for examination of or changes in cerebrospinal fluid in disease states.
  • classification [M0030329]
    Used for taxonomic or other systematic or hierarchical classification systems.
  • Confounding Factors (Epidemiology) [M0024436]
    Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
  • congenital defects [M0030205]
  • control [M0030716]
  • culture [M0030407]
  • cytopathology [M0030688]
  • defects [M0030207]
  • deficiency [M0030357]
    Used with endogenous and exogenous substances which are absent or in diminished amount relative to the normal requirement of an organism or a biologic system.
  • deformities [M0030206]
  • degradation [M0030579]
  • Dental Prosthesis Retention [M0026210]
    The retention of a dental prosthesis in place by design, device, or adhesion.
  • diagnosis [M0030360]
    Used with diseases for all aspects of diagnosis, including examination, differential diagnosis and prognosis; excludes mass screening for which "prevention & control" is used. Excludes radiographic diagnosis for which "radiography" is used; excludes scintigraphic diagnosis for which "radionuclide imaging" is used; excludes ultrasonic diagnosis for which "ultrasonography" is used.
  • diet therapy [M0030367]
    Used with disease headings for dietary and nutritional management of the disease. The concept does not include vitamin or mineral supplements, for which "drug therapy" may be used.
  • differential diagnosis [M0030361]
  • Drug Administration Routes [M0006812]
    The various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed into the blood and delivered to the target tissue.
  • drug therapy [M0030372]
    Used with disease headings for the treatment of disease by the administration of drugs, chemicals, and antibiotics. For diet therapy and radiotherapy, use specific subheadings. Excludes immunotherapy for which "therapy" is used.
  • economics [M0030375]
    Used for the economic aspects of any subject, as well as for all aspects of financial management. It includes the raising or providing of funds.
  • Effect Modifiers (Epidemiology) [M0024437]
    Factors that modify the effect of the putative causal factor(s) under study.
  • embryology [M0030391]
    Used with organs, regions, and animal headings for embryologic and fetal development. It is used also with diseases for embryologic factors contributing to postnatal disorders.
  • embryonic aspects [M0030393]
  • embryonic development [M0030394]
  • endemics [M0030655]
  • Energy-Generating Resources [M0007445]
    Natural sources from which power is obtained.
  • enzyme activity [M0030399]
  • enzymology [M0030398]
    Used with organisms, except vertebrates, and with organs and tissues. It is also used with diseases for enzymes during the course of the disease, but excludes diagnostic enzyme tests, for which "diagnosis" is used.
  • epidemics [M0030649]
  • Epidemiologic Factors [M0024416]
    Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
  • epidemiology [M0030648]
    Used with human and veterinary diseases for the distribution of disease, factors which cause disease, and the attributes of disease in defined populations; includes incidence, frequency, prevalence, endemic and epidemic outbreaks; also surveys and estimates of morbidity in geographic areas and in specified populations. Used also with geographical headings for the location of epidemiologic aspects of a disease. Excludes mortality for which "mortality" is used.
  • etiology [M0030410]
    Used with diseases for causative agents including microorganisms and includes environmental and social factors and personal habits as contributing factors. It includes pathogenesis.
  • Experimental Design [M0018844]
  • fetal development [M0030392]
  • findings [M0030364]
  • Freedom of Information Act Requests [M0356724]
    The Freedom of Information Act, passed in 1966, provides the public and industry a means of acquiring information about Federal Government activities.
  • fungi [M0030593]
  • Germ Line [M0009200]
  • grafting [M0030831]
  • Halo Effect [M0024438]
  • Hawthorne Effect [M0024439]
  • helminthology [M0030679]
  • helminths [M0030678]
  • hierarchies [M0030331]
  • histology [M0030242]
  • histopathology [M0030689]
  • hypoplasia [M0030211]
  • immunology [M0030471]
    Used for immunologic studies of tissues, organs, microorganisms, fungi, viruses, and animals. It includes immunologic aspects of diseases but not immunologic procedures used for diagnostic, preventive, or therapeutic purposes, for which "diagnosis", "prevention & control", or "therapy" are used. The concept is also used for chemicals as antigens or haptens.
  • incidence [M0030650]
  • incorporation [M0030580]
  • Interviewer Effect [M0024440]
  • intraoperative procedures [M0030798]
  • kinetics [M0030697]
  • Knowledge of Results (Psychology) [M0012070]
    A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
  • malformations [M0030208]
  • manpower [M0030563]
    Used with disciplines and programs for the demand, supply, distribution, recruitment, and use of personnel.
  • metabolism [M0030575]
    Used with organs, cells and subcellular fractions, organisms, and diseases for biochemical changes and metabolism. It is used also with drugs and chemicals for catabolic changes (breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones). For anabolic processes (conversion of small molecules into large), BIOSYNTHESIS is used. For enzymology, pharmacokinetics, and secretion use the specific subheadings.
  • mobilization [M0030582]
  • outbreaks [M0030652]
  • parasites [M0030681]
  • parasitology [M0030677]
    Used with animals, higher plants, organs, and diseases for parasitic factors. In diseases, it is not used if the parasitic involvement is implicit in the diagnosis.
  • pathogenesis [M0030411]
  • pathology [M0030686]
    Used for organ, tissue, or cell structure in disease states.
  • perioperative procedures [M0030799]
  • peroperative procedures [M0030800]
  • pharmacodynamics [M0030703]
  • pharmacokinetics [M0030695]
    Used for the mechanism, dynamics and kinetics of exogenous chemical and drug absorption, biotransformation, distribution, release, transport, uptake and elimination as a function of dosage, extent and rate of metabolic processes.
  • pharmacologic action [M0030704]
  • pharmacology [M0030702]
    Used with drugs and exogenously administered chemical substances for their effects on living tissues and organisms. It includes acceleration and inhibition of physiological and biochemical processes and other pharmacologic mechanisms of action.
  • physiopathology [M0030707]
    Used with organs and diseases for disordered function in disease states.
  • Planets [M0024567]
    Heavenly bodies with their own motion among the stars, revolving, in the case of the solar system, around the sun, along the plane of the ecliptic. They are grouped into inner planets and outer planets, based on distance from the sun and common characteristics.
  • poisoning [M0030708]
    Used with drugs, chemicals, and industrial materials for human or animal poisoning, acute or chronic, whether the poisoning is accidental, occupational, suicidal, by medication error, or by environmental exposure.
  • poisonous effects [M0030709]
  • prenatal development [M0030395]
  • preoperative procedures [M0030797]
  • Problem Formulation [M0018846]
  • protozoa [M0030682]
  • protozoology [M0030680]
  • radiography [M0030733]
    Used with organs, regions, and diseases for x-ray examinations. It does not include radionuclide imaging for which "radionuclide imaging" is used.
  • rehabilitation [M0030738]
    Used with diseases and surgical procedures for restoration of function of the individual.
  • rickettsia [M0030591]
  • Rotation [M0019276]
    Motion of a rigid body in which either one point is fixed, or all the points on a straight line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
  • salaries [M0030379]
  • screening [M0030362]
  • Sealed Cabin Ecology [M0027747]
  • secondary [M0030758]
    Used with neoplasms to indicate the secondary location to which the neoplastic process has metastasized.
  • serology [M0030472]
  • signs [M0030363]
  • Solar System [M0024564]
    The group of celestial bodies, including the EARTH, orbiting around and gravitationally bound by the sun. It includes nine planets, 34 natural satellites, more than 1,000 observed comets, and thousands of lesser bodies known as MINOR PLANETS (asteroids) and METEOROIDS. (From Academic American Encyclopedia, 1983)
  • surgery [M0030796]
    Used for operative procedures on organs, regions, or tissues in the treatment of diseases, including tissue section by lasers. It excludes transplantation, for which "transplantation" is used.
  • surveillance [M0030654]
  • symptoms [M0030365]
  • systematics [M0030330]
  • Therapeutic Equivalency [M0021294]
    The relative equivalency in the efficacy of different modes of treatment of a disease, most often used to compare the efficacy of different pharmaceuticals to treat a given disease.
  • therapy [M0030821]
    Used with diseases for therapeutic interventions except drug therapy, diet therapy, radiotherapy, and surgery, for which specific subheadings exist. The concept is also used for articles and books dealing with multiple therapies.
  • tissue distribution [M0030698]
  • toxicokinetics [M0030701]
  • transplantation [M0030830]
    Used with organs, tissues, or cells for transplantation from one site to another within the same subject, or from one subject to another of the same species or different species.
  • turnover [M0030581]
  • ultrasound [M0030904]
  • urinary aspects [M0030849]
  • urinary levels [M0030850]
  • urine [M0030848]
    Used for the presence or analysis of substances in the urine, and also for the examination of, or changes in, the urine in disease.
  • virology [M0030948]
    Used with organs, animals, and higher plants and with diseases for virologic studies. For bacteria, rickettsia, and fungi, "microbiology" is used; for parasites, "parasitology" is used.
  • viruses [M0030949]