MeSH
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Health Care Activity

MeSH ID: T058

Related Concepts:

  • Adjustment, Discretionary [M0017793]
  • Adolescent Health Services [M0025193]
    Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
  • Advance Care Planning [M0024775]
    Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
  • Advance Directive Adherence [M0370136]
    Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
  • Advance Medical Planning [M0401367]
  • After-Hours Care [M0419351]
    Medical care provided after the regular practice schedule of the physicians. Usually it is designed to deliver 24-hour-a-day and 365-day-a-year patient care coverage for emergencies, triage, pediatric care, or hospice care.
  • Aftercare [M0000547]
    The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.
  • Ambulatory Care [M0000859]
    Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
  • Ancillary Services, Hospital [M0001091]
    Those support services other than room, board, and medical and nursing services that are provided to hospital patients in the course of care. They include such services as laboratory, radiology, pharmacy, and physical therapy services.
  • Associateship Practice, Dental [M0015990]
  • Bed Conversion [M0002263]
    The reallocation of beds from one type of care service to another, as in converting acute care beds to long term care beds.
  • Beds, Swing [M0002264]
  • Bedside Computing [M0028502]
  • Bedside Technology [M0028501]
  • Bedside Testing [M0028503]
  • Behavioral Disciplines and Activities [M0006561]
    The specialties in psychiatry and psychology, their diagnostic techniques and tests, their therapeutic methods, and psychiatric and psychological services.
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System [M0421313]
    Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
  • Bereavement Care [M0025910]
  • Biological Waste Disposal [M0026817]
  • Biomedical Technology [M0328106]
    The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.
  • Blood Donation [M0002687]
  • Bloodletting [M0002733]
    Puncture of a vein to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Bloodletting therapy has been used in Talmudic and Indian medicine since the medieval time, and was still practiced widely in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its modern counterpart is PHLEBOTOMY.
  • Capital Expenditures [M0003296]
    Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
  • Cardiology Service, Hospital [M0025200]
    The hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and therapeutic services for the cardiac patient.
  • Centralized Hospital Services [M0003809]
    The coordination of services in one area of a facility to improve efficiency.
  • Child Guidance [M0004064]
    The psychiatric, sociological and psychological study and treatment of the developing child with emphasis on preventive or prophylactic measures focused on the familial, educational and socio-environmental milieu of the child.
  • Child Health Services [M0004066]
    Organized services to provide health care for children.
  • Child Welfare [M0004076]
    Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
  • Clinic Activities [M0000865]
  • Clinic Visits [M0000860]
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques [M0334024]
    Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
  • Clinical Paths [M0028493]
  • Clinical Pathways [M0028494]
  • Closure, Hospital [M0009838]
  • Coinsurance [M0005740]
  • Communicable Disease Control [M0004866]
    Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
  • Community Health Care [M0004897]
  • Community Health Education [M0009830]
  • Community Health Networks [M0028451]
  • Community Health Nursing [M0004893]
    General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
  • Community Health Planning [M0027977]
    Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
  • Community Health Services [M0004896]
    Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
  • Community Health Systems [M0027975]
  • Community Mental Health Services [M0004901]
    Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
  • Community Pharmacy Services [M0004902]
    Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.
  • Community-Based Distribution [M0005776]
  • Competitive Medical Plans [M0025238]
    Alternative health care delivery mechanisms, such as PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS or other health insurance services or prepaid plans (other than HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS), that meet Medicare qualifications for a risk-sharing contract. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
  • Comprehensive Dental Care [M0004945]
    Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
  • Comprehensive Health Care [M0004946]
    Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
  • Comprehensive Health Insurance [M0011468]
  • Comprehensive Health Planning [M0018718]
  • Comprehensive Health Plans, Local [M0009921]
  • Comprehensive Health Plans, State [M0020447]
  • Consensus Development Conferences, NIH [M0024411]
    Articles on conferences sponsored by NIH presenting summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus on a subject of interest. This heading is used for NIH consensus conferences as a means of scientific communication. In indexing it is viewed as a type of review article and as a tag for any article appearing in any publication of the NIH Office of Medical Applications of Research (OMAR).
  • Contact Tracing [M0025015]
    Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Continuity of Patient Care [M0005074]
    Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.
  • Contraceptive Distribution [M0005777]
  • Corporate Practice [M0017652]
  • Cost-Sharing Insurance [M0025902]
  • Critical Care [M0005333]
    Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
  • Custodial Care [M0005429]
    Board, room, and other personal assistance services generally provided on a long term basis. It excludes regular medical care.
  • Day Care [M0005685]
    Institutional health care of patients during the day. The patients return home at night.
  • Defensive Medicine [M0005749]
    The alterations of modes of medical practice, induced by the threat of liability, for the principal purposes of forestalling lawsuits by patients as well as providing good legal defense in the event that such lawsuits are instituted.
  • Deinstitutionalization [M0005767]
    The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.
  • Delivery of Dental Care [M0005778]
  • Delivery of Health Care [M0005779]
    The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated [M0028411]
    A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
  • Dental Audit [M0028639]
    A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
  • Dental Care for Aged [M0024942]
    The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
  • Dental Care for Children [M0028537]
    The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
  • Dental Care for Chronically Ill [M0026810]
    Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
  • Dental Care for Disabled [M0005851]
    Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
  • Dental Health Services [M0005883]
    Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
  • Dental Informatics [M0460514]
    The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.
  • Dental Prosthesis Repair [M0026211]
    The process of reuniting or replacing a broken or worn dental prosthesis or its part.
  • Dentistry for Chronically Ill [M0026809]
  • Dentistry for Disabled [M0005853]
  • Denture Design [M0005918]
    The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.
  • Denture Repair [M0005919]
    The process of reuniting or replacing broken or worn parts of a denture.
  • Determination of Health Care Needs [M0030022]
  • Diagnostic Services [M0006195]
    Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.
  • Diet Surveys [M0006327]
    Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
  • Dietary Services [M0006343]
    Services provided by dietitians or nutritionists to meet the nutritional needs of individuals, including consultation with other professional personnel.
  • Directive Adherence [M0389847]
  • Discharge Planning [M0016050]
  • Disease Management [M0028959]
    A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
  • Disinfection, Hand [M0009791]
  • Distributional Activities [M0005780]
  • Distributions, Clinical [M0010571]
  • Donor Exclusion [M0459930]
  • Donor Selection [M0452901]
    The procedure established to evaluate the health status and risk factors of the potential DONORS of biological materials. Donors are selected based on the principles that their health will not be compromised in the process, and the donated materials, such as TISSUES or organs, are safe for reuse in the recipients.
  • Drug Compounding [M0006824]
    The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)
  • Drug Formulation [M0004018]
  • Drug Information Services [M0006834]
    Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
  • Drug Labeling [M0006836]
    Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.
  • Drug Packaging [M0006838]
    Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and biological products. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.
  • Drug Utilization Review [M0026789]
    Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
  • Eligibility Determination [M0007235]
    Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
  • Embryo Disposition [M0029599]
    Process for deciding utilization or disposal of an embryo that is fertilized but not immediately transplanted and resulting course of action.
  • Emergency Care [M0007272]
  • Emergency Care Information Systems [M0011321]
  • Emergency Health Services [M0007271]
  • Emergency Medical Services [M0007268]
    Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
  • Emergency Nursing [M0025230]
    The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
  • Employee Assistance Programs (Health Care) [M0015194]
  • Employment-Based Services [M0015196]
  • ENDOR [M0007196]
  • Episode of Care [M0025908]
    An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
  • Ergometry [M0025252]
    Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.
  • Ethical Review [M0007844]
    A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).
  • Ethics Consultation [M0383196]
    Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
  • Ethnomedicine [M0013265]
  • Euthanasia, Animal [M0413851]
    The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
  • Family Nursing [M0356768]
    The provision of care involving the nursing process, to families and family members in health and illness situations. From Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. 6th ed.
  • Family Planning Program Evaluation [M0023722]
  • Family Planning Programs [M0009862]
  • Family Planning Services [M0008210]
    Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
  • Financial Management, Hospital [M0008485]
    The obtaining and management of funds for hospital needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
  • Food Inspection [M0008687]
    Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
  • Food Service, Hospital [M0008701]
    Hospital department that manages and supervises the dietary program in accordance with the patients' requirements.
  • Forms Control [M0008766]
  • Foster Home Care [M0008785]
    Private families who care for neglected children or patients unable to care for themselves.
  • Futile Treatment [M0027670]
  • Gatekeeping [M0328103]
    The controlling of access to health services, usually by primary care providers; often used in managed care settings to reduce utilization of expensive services and reduce referrals. (From BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1999)
  • Genetic Services [M0018816]
    Organized services to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders.
  • Genetic Techniques [M0009133]
    Chromosomal, biochemical, intracellular, and other methods used in the study of genetics.
  • Geriatric Assessment [M0023929]
    Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
  • Geriatric Nursing [M0009195]
    Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
  • Group Health Insurance [M0011456]
  • Group Hospitalization [M0011461]
  • Group Practice, Dental [M0009647]
    Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
  • Group Practice, Prepaid [M0009648]
    An organized group of three or more full-time physicians rendering services for a fixed prepayment.
  • Group Purchasing [M0026837]
    A shared service which combines the purchasing power of individual organizations or facilities in order to obtain lower prices for equipment and supplies. (From Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)
  • Guideline Adherence [M0029689]
    Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
  • Health Benefit Plans, Employee [M0009827]
    Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
  • Health Campaigns [M0009889]
  • Health Care [M0005783]
  • Health Care Rationing [M0023516]
    Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
  • Health Care Reform [M0027387]
    Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
  • Health Care Systems [M0005781]
  • Health Education, Dental [M0009832]
    Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
  • Health Facility Acquisition [M0009841]
  • Health Facility Conversion [M0009846]
  • Health Facility Merger [M0009842]
    The combining of administrative and organizational resources of two or more health care facilities.
  • Health Facility Moving [M0009844]
    The relocation of health care institutions or units thereof. The concept includes equipment relocation.
  • Health Facility Planning [M0009847]
    Areawide planning for health care institutions on the basis of projected consumer need.
  • Health Fairs [M0009850]
    Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.
  • Health Insurance, Voluntary [M0011457]
  • Health Plan Implementation [M0009861]
    Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
  • Health Planning [M0009864]
    Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
  • Health Planning Support [M0009880]
    Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.
  • Health Planning Technical Assistance [M0009882]
    The provision of expert assistance in developing health planning programs, plans as technical materials, etc., as requested by Health Systems Agencies or other health planning organizations.
  • Health Promotion [M0009886]
    Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
  • Health Risk Appraisal [M0009915]
  • Health Services [M0009894]
    Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
  • Health Services Administration [M0009900]
    The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
  • Health Services for the Aged [M0009901]
    Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
  • Health Services Research [M0009910]
    The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
  • Health Services, Indigenous [M0009913]
    Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
  • Health Services, Infant [M0004067]
  • Health Services, Maternal-Child [M0013120]
  • Health Services, National [M0014506]
  • Health Services, Outpatient [M0000861]
  • Health Services, University [M0020632]
  • Health Systems Plans [M0009922]
    Statements of goals for the delivery of health services pertaining to the Health Systems Agency service area, established under PL 93-641, and consistent with national guidelines for health planning.
  • Healthy People 2000 [M0421370]
  • Healthy People 2010 [M0421369]
  • Healthy People Programs [M0421911]
    Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
  • Hindu Medicine [M0013256]
  • HIV Seroprevalence [M0023891]
    Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).
  • Holistic Nursing [M0028308]
    A philosophy of nursing practice that takes into account total patient care, considering the physical, emotional, social, economic, and spiritual needs of patients, their response to their illnesses, and the effect of illness on patients' abilities to meet self-care needs. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed, p745)
  • Home Care [M0389443]
    Care of a patient at home, by family members and/or health personnel. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
  • home care [M0030647]
  • Home Care Services [M0010496]
    Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
  • Home Care Services, Hospital-Based [M0027843]
    Hospital-sponsored provision of health services, such as nursing, therapy, and health-related homemaker or social services, in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)
  • Home Nursing [M0010498]
    Nursing care given to an individual in the home. The care may be provided by a family member or a friend. Home nursing as care by a non-professional is differentiated from HOME CARE SERVICES provided by professionals: visiting nurse, home health agencies, hospital, or other organized community group.
  • Homemaker Services [M0010504]
    Non-medical support services, such as food preparation and bathing, given by trained personnel to disabled, sick or convalescent individuals in their home.
  • Homeopathy [M0010505]
    A system of therapeutics founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), based on the Law of Similars where "like cures like". Diseases are treated by highly diluted substances that cause, in healthy persons, symptoms like those of the disease to be treated. The dilutions are repeated so many times that there is less than one molecule per dose and it is suggested that benefit is from the energetic life force of the original substance.
  • Hospice Care [M0025909]
    Specialized health care, supportive in nature, provided to a dying person. A holistic approach is often taken, providing patients and their families with legal, financial, emotional, or spiritual counseling in addition to meeting patients' immediate physical needs. Care may be provided in the home, in the hospital, in specialized facilities (HOSPICES), or in specially designated areas of long-term care facilities. The concept also includes bereavement care for the family. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
  • Hospice Programs [M0025911]
  • Hospital Administration [M0010555]
    Management of the internal organization of the hospital.
  • Hospital Distribution Systems [M0010572]
    Systems for delivering hospital supplies, food, laundry, etc., to patient care areas.
  • Hospital Diversification [M0010578]
  • Hospital Group Purchasing [M0026836]
  • Hospital Merger [M0009843]
  • Hospital Organization and Administration [M0010556]
  • Hospital Planning [M0010575]
    Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
  • Hospital Planning, Regional [M0010576]
  • Hospital Readmissions [M0016064]
  • Hospital Restructuring [M0010579]
    Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.
  • Hospital Shared Services [M0010580]
    Cooperation among hospitals for the purpose of sharing various departmental services, e.g., pharmacy, laundry, data processing, etc.
  • Hospital-Patient Relations [M0023532]
    Interactions between hospital staff or administrators and patients. Includes guest relations programs designed to improve the image of the hospital and attract patients.
  • Hospital-Physician Joint Ventures [M0010585]
    A formal financial agreement made between one or more physicians and a hospital to provide ambulatory alternative services to those patients who do not require hospitalization.
  • Hospital-Physician Relations [M0027846]
    Includes relationships between hospitals, their governing boards, and administrators in regard to physicians, whether or not the physicians are members of the medical staff or have medical staff privileges.
  • Hospitalization [M0010589]
    The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
  • House Calls [M0010625]
    Visits to the patient's home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.
  • Housekeeping, Hospital [M0010631]
    Hospital department which manages and provides the required housekeeping functions in all areas of the hospital.
  • Immunization Programs [M0026655]
    Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.
  • Indigent Care [M0013211]
  • Infant Health [M0011282]
  • Infant Welfare [M0011281]
    Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the infant.
  • Infection Control [M0025913]
    Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.
  • Infection Control, Dental [M0029037]
    Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
  • Informed Consent [M0011326]
    Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
  • Injections [M0011345]
  • Institutional Adherence [M0029686]
  • Institutional Practice [M0011410]
    Professional practice as an employee or contractee of a health care institution.
  • Institutionalization [M0011411]
    The caring for individuals in institutions and their adaptation to routines characteristic of the institutional environment, and/or their loss of adaptation to life outside the institution.
  • Insurance Audit [M0011451]
  • Insurance Case Management [M0012967]
  • Insurance Claim Reporting [M0011449]
    The design, completion, and filing of forms with the insurer.
  • Insurance Claim Review [M0011450]
    Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
  • Insurance Claims Processing [M0011452]
  • Insurance, Accident [M0011453]
    Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.
  • Insurance, Dental [M0011455]
    Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
  • Insurance, Disability [M0028220]
    Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
  • Insurance, Health [M0011458]
    Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
  • Insurance, Health, Catastrophic [M0011467]
  • Insurance, Health, for Aged and Disabled [M0009852]
  • Insurance, Health, Reimbursement [M0011459]
    Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
  • Insurance, Hospitalization [M0011462]
    Health insurance providing benefits to cover or partly cover hospital expenses.
  • Insurance, Long-Term Care [M0011466]
    Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
  • Insurance, Major Medical [M0011469]
    Insurance providing a broad range of medical services and supplies, when prescribed by a physician, whether or not the patient is hospitalized. It frequently is an extension of a basic policy and benefits will not begin until the basic policy is exhausted.
  • Insurance, Medigap [M0025914]
    A supplemental health insurance policy sold by private insurance companies and designed to pay for health care costs and services that are not paid for either by Medicare alone or by a combination of Medicare and existing private health insurance benefits. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
  • Insurance, Nursing Services [M0011470]
    Insurance providing benefits for the costs of care provided by nurses, especially nurse practitioners and nurse clinicians.
  • Insurance, Physician Services [M0011475]
    Insurance providing benefits for the costs of care by a physician which can be comprehensive or limited to surgical expenses or for care provided only in the hospital. It is frequently called "regular medical expense" or "surgical expense".
  • Insurance, Psychiatric [M0011476]
    Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.
  • Insurance, Surgical [M0011477]
    A specific type of health insurance which provides surgeons' fees for specified amounts according to the type of surgery listed in the policy.
  • Integrated Delivery Systems [M0028409]
  • Integrated Health Care Systems [M0028410]
  • Intensive Care [M0025915]
    Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
  • Intensive Care, Neonatal [M0024376]
    Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
  • Intraoperative Care [M0011597]
    Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
  • Investigative Techniques [M0013923]
    Investigative techniques used in pre-clinical and clinical research, epidemiology, chemistry, immunology, genetics, etc. They do not include techniques specifically applied to DIAGNOSIS; THERAPEUTICS; anesthesia and analgesia; SURGICAL PROCEDURES, OPERATIVE; and DENTISTRY.
  • Laboratory Examinations and Diagnoses [M0006178]
  • Life Support Care [M0012504]
    Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
  • Long-Term Care [M0012686]
    Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
  • Maintenance and Engineering, Hospital [M0012906]
    Hospital department whose primary function is the upkeep and supervision of the buildings and grounds and the maintenance of hospital physical plant and equipment which requires engineering expertise.
  • Managed Care [M0012969]
  • Managed Care Programs [M0012968]
    Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
  • Managed Competition [M0028205]
    A strategy for purchasing health care in a manner which will obtain maximum value for the price for the purchasers of the health care and the recipients. The concept was developed primarily by Alain Enthoven of Stanford University and promulgated by the Jackson Hole Group. The strategy depends on sponsors for groups of the population to be insured. The sponsor, in some cases a health alliance, acts as an intermediary between the group and competing provider groups (accountable health plans). The competition is price-based among annual premiums for a defined, standardized benefit package. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)
  • Management Audit [M0012970]
    Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.
  • Management Case Studies [M0029684]
  • Management, Nursing Care [M0015100]
  • Mandatory Programs [M0004717]
    Programs in which participation is required.
  • Marketing of Health Services [M0013040]
    Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
  • Materials Management, Hospital [M0013104]
    The management of all procurement, distribution, and storage of equipment and supplies, as well as logistics management including laundry, processing of reusables, etc.
  • Maternal Health Services [M0013115]
    Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
  • Medical Assistance [M0013203]
    Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.
  • Medical Audit [M0013207]
    A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of medical care.
  • Medical Audit Program [M0004855]
  • Medical Care Team [M0016043]
  • Medical Decision Making, Computer-Assisted [M0005725]
  • Medical Missions, Official [M0013219]
    Travel by a group of physicians to a foreign country for the purpose of making a special study or of undertaking a special project of a short-term duration; not to be confused with MISSIONS AND MISSIONARIES which covers permanent medical establishments and personnel maintained by religious organizations.
  • Medical Practice Management Services [M0030045]
  • Medical Waste Disposal [M0026818]
    Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
  • Medicare Assignment [M0023798]
    Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.
  • Medicine, African [M0025171]
  • Medicine, African Traditional [M0025170]
    A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
  • Medicine, Ayurvedic [M0013255]
    The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
  • Medicine, Chinese Traditional [M0013258]
    A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
  • Medicine, Folk [M0013266]
  • Medicine, Indigenous [M0013267]
  • Medicine, Oriental Traditional [M0013264]
    A system of traditional medicine which is based on the customs, beliefs and practices of the Oriental people.
  • Medicine, Primitive [M0013268]
  • Medicine, Tibetan Traditional [M0417675]
    A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Tibetan culture.
  • Medicine, Traditional [M0013269]
    Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES), PHYTOTHERAPY, and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
  • Mental Health Services [M0013411]
    Organized services to provide mental health care.
  • Microdialysis [M0026612]
    A technique for measuring extracellular concentrations of substances in tissues, usually in vivo, by means of a small probe equipped with a semipermeable membrane. Substances may also be introduced into the extracellular space through the membrane.
  • Midwifery [M0013861]
    The practice of assisting women in childbirth.
  • Mite Control [M0021519]
  • Monitoring, Immunologic [M0023306]
    Testing of immune status in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer, immunoproliferative and immunodeficiency disorders, and autoimmune abnormalities. Changes in immune parameters are of special significance before, during and following organ transplantation. Strategies include measurement of tumor antigen and other markers (often by RADIOIMMUNOASSAY), studies of cellular or humoral immunity in cancer etiology, IMMUNOTHERAPY trials, etc.
  • Monitoring, Physiologic [M0014021]
    The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
  • Moving, Hospital [M0009845]
  • National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey [M0029021]
  • National Health Insurance [M0014503]
  • National Health Insurance, United States [M0014501]
  • National Health Programs [M0014505]
    Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
  • National Health Service, British [M0020449]
  • National Hospital Discharge Survey [M0029022]
  • Neonatal Nursing [M0026237]
    The nursing specialty that deals with the care of newborn infants during the first four weeks after birth.
  • Neonatal Screening [M0024457]
    The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
  • Night Care [M0014857]
    Institutional night care of patients.
  • Nonclinical Distribution [M0005782]
  • Notification, Partner [M0025016]
  • Nursing Assessment [M0015096]
    Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
  • Nursing Audit [M0015098]
    A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of nursing care.
  • Nursing Care [M0015099]
    Care given to patients by nursing service personnel.
  • Nursing Diagnosis [M0015101]
    Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.
  • Nursing Faculty Practice [M0015102]
    Clinical practice by members of the nursing faculty in order to maintain a balance in their nursing activities--clinical, education, and research.
  • Nursing Process [M0015104]
    The sum total of nursing activities which includes assessment (identifying needs), intervention (ministering to needs), and evaluation (validating the effectiveness of the help given).
  • Nursing Service, Hospital [M0015106]
    The hospital department which is responsible for the organization and administration of nursing activities.
  • Nursing Services [M0015107]
    A general concept referring to the organization and administration of nursing activities.
  • Nursing, Patient-Centered [M0028152]
  • Nursing, Practical [M0015111]
    The practice of nursing by licensed, non-registered persons qualified to provide routine care to the sick.
  • Nursing, Private Duty [M0015112]
    The practice of nursing by a registered or licensed nurse to care for a specific patient in a health facility or in the home.
  • Nursing, Supervisory [M0015114]
    Administration of nursing services for one or more clinical units.
  • Nursing, Team [M0015116]
    Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses' aides, and the practical nurse.
  • Obstetrical Nursing [M0015173]
    Nursing care given to the pregnant patient before, after, or during childbirth.
  • Occupational Health Nursing [M0015193]
    The practice of nursing in the work environment.
  • Office Nursing [M0015236]
    Nursing practice limited to an office setting.
  • Office Visits [M0015237]
    Visits made by patients to health service providers' offices for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.
  • Oncologic Nursing [M0015302]
    Nursing care provided cancer patients. It includes aspects of family functioning through education of both patient and family. The specialty of oncologic nursing focuses on cancer as a major health care problem.
  • Operating Room Nursing [M0015313]
    The functions of the professional nurse in the operating room.
  • Organ Procurement [M0015393]
  • Organ Procurement Systems [M0015395]
  • Organ Retrieval [M0015397]
  • Organizational Case Studies [M0029685]
    Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
  • Oriental Medicine [M0013263]
  • Orphan Drug Production [M0015452]
    Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.
  • Orthopedic Nursing [M0025231]
    The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of the orthopedic patient.
  • Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) [M0015583]
    Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOME ASSESSMENT (HEALTH CARE);) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (PROCESS ASSESSMENT (HEALTH CARE);) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
  • Outcomes Research [M0025936]
  • Palliative Care [M0015773]
    Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
  • Palliative Medicine [M0015774]
  • Parasite Control [M0004867]
  • Parental Notification [M0015944]
    Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).
  • Partnership Practice [M0015989]
    A voluntary contract between two or more doctors who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Partnership Practice, Dental [M0015991]
    A voluntary contract between two or more dentists who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Pastoral Care [M0016002]
    Counseling or comfort given by ministers, priests, rabbis, etc., to those in need of help with emotional problems or stressful situations.
  • Patient Abandonment [M0024557]
  • Patient Access to Records [M0016038]
    The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.
  • Patient Admission [M0016031]
    The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
  • Patient Advocacy [M0016033]
    Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
  • Patient Appointments [M0001622]
  • Patient Care [M0009073]
    The services rendered by members of the health profession and non-professionals under their supervision for the benefit of the patient. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p269)
  • Patient Care Management [M0016039]
    Generating, planning, organizing, and administering medical and nursing care and services for patients.
  • Patient Care Planning [M0016041]
    Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.
  • Patient Care Team [M0016042]
    Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
  • Patient Credit [M0016048]
  • Patient Credit and Collection [M0016049]
    Accounting procedures for determining credit status and methods of obtaining payment.
  • Patient Discharge [M0016051]
    The administrative process of discharging the patient, live or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
  • Patient Dumping [M0016065]
  • Patient Education [M0016055]
    The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
  • Patient Escort Service [M0016056]
    A special service provided by volunteers to accompany patients who need help in moving about the health facility.
  • Patient Monitoring [M0014022]
  • Patient Outcome Assessment [M0025933]
  • Patient Participation [M0016061]
    Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
  • Patient Readmission [M0016063]
    Subsequent admissions of a patient to a hospital or other health care institution for treatment.
  • Patient Selection [M0027849]
    Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
  • Patient Transfer [M0016066]
    Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as type of care provided.
  • Patient-Centered Care [M0028151]
    Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
  • Patient-Focused Care [M0028150]
  • Pediatric Nursing [M0016083]
    The nursing care of children from birth to adolescence. It includes the clinical and psychological aspects of nursing care.
  • Peer Review [M0016096]
    An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
  • Peer Review, Health Care [M0027210]
    The concurrent or retrospective review by practicing physicians or other health professionals of the quality and efficiency of patient care practices or services ordered or performed by other physicians or other health professionals (From The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988).
  • Perinatal Care [M0028078]
    The care of a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
  • Perioperative Care [M0029698]
    Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
  • Perioperative Nursing [M0020901]
    Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.
  • Personal Health Services [M0016381]
    Health care provided to individuals.
  • Personnel Administration, Hospital [M0016399]
    Management activities concerned with hospital employees.
  • Personnel, Hospital, Organization and Administration [M0016398]
  • Pharmaceutical Care [M0454577]
    A pharmacy service model advocated by the pharmacy profession and approved by legislatures in many states and countries. This model expands the role of PHARMACISTS with additional training (CLINICAL PHARMACISTS) in a patient-centered evidence-based medication management program based on collaboration with physicians and patients.
  • Pharmaceutical Services [M0016458]
    Total pharmaceutical services provided by qualified PHARMACISTS. In addition to the preparation and distribution of medical products, they may include consultative services provided to agencies and institutions which do not have a qualified pharmacist.
  • Pharmacy Distribution [M0016461]
  • Physician Incentive Plans [M0016792]
    Compensatory plans designed to motivate physicians in relation to patient referral, physician recruitment, and efficient use of the health facility.
  • Physician Refusal to Treat [M0024558]
  • Planning, Health and Welfare [M0009863]
  • Point of Care Technology [M0028504]
  • Point-of-Care Systems [M0028505]
    Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
  • Policy Compliance [M0029687]
  • Population Programs [M0017298]
  • Population Surveillance [M0017328]
    Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
  • Postabortal Programs [M0000548]
  • Postabortion [M0000549]
  • Postanesthesia Nursing [M0025229]
    The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients in the recovery room following surgery and/or anesthesia.
  • Postnatal Care [M0017363]
    The care provided a woman following the birth of a child.
  • Postoperative Care [M0017365]
    The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
  • Postoperative Procedures [M0017366]
  • Postpartum Programs [M0017364]
  • Practice Management, Dental [M0017426]
    The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
  • Practice Management, Medical [M0017427]
    The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.
  • Preconception Care [M0025497]
    An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.
  • Prehospital Emergency Care [M0007270]
  • Prenatal Care [M0017539]
    Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
  • Preoperative Care [M0017548]
    Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
  • Preoperative Procedure [M0017549]
  • Prepaid Dental Care [M0011454]
  • Prepaid Health Plans [M0025929]
    Contracts between an insurer and a subscriber or a group of subscribers whereby a specified set of health benefits is provided in return for a periodic premium.
  • Prescriptions [M0017558]
  • Preventive Health Services [M0017566]
    Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
  • Primary Health Care [M0017576]
    Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
  • Primary Nursing Care [M0017577]
    The primary responsibility of one nurse for the planning, evaluation, and care of a patient throughout the course of illness, convalescence, and recovery.
  • Private Practice [M0017590]
    Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.
  • Privately Sponsored Programs [M0009835]
  • Process Assessment (Health Care) [M0025938]
    An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.
  • Product Line Management [M0017645]
    Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
  • Professional Corporations [M0017653]
    Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.
  • Prognosis [M0017677]
    A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
  • Progressive Patient Care [M0017684]
    Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.
  • Prosthesis Design [M0017836]
    The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
  • Protocol Compliance [M0029688]
  • Psychiatric Nursing [M0017980]
    A specialty concerned with the application of psychiatric principles in caring for the mentally ill. It also includes the nursing care provided the mentally ill patient.
  • Psychoanalytic Interpretation [M0017990]
    Utilization of Freudian theories to explain various psychologic aspects of art, literature, biographical material, etc.
  • Public Health Administration [M0018090]
    Management of public health organizations or agencies.
  • Public Health Practice [M0024415]
    The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
  • Purchasing, Hospital, Joint [M0026834]
  • Quackery [M0018311]
    The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
  • Radioimmunologic Monitoring [M0023307]
  • Rate Setting and Review [M0018509]
    A method of examining and setting levels of payments.
  • Records Control [M0008767]
  • Refusal to Treat [M0024559]
    Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.
  • Regional Health Planning [M0018719]
    Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
  • Rehabilitation Nursing [M0028542]
    The diagnosis and treatment of human responses of individuals and groups to actual or potential health problems with the characteristics of altered functional ability and altered life-style. (American Nurses Association & Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. Standards of Rehabilitation Nursing Practice, 1986, p.2)
  • Rehabilitation of Hearing Impaired [M0018731]
    Procedures for assisting a person with a hearing disorder to maximum comprehension in communication.
  • Rehabilitation of Speech and Language Disorders [M0018732]
    Procedures for assisting a person with a speech or language disorder to communicate with maximum efficiency.
  • Reporting, Hospital Incident [M0019131]
  • Reproductive Health Services [M0404771]
    Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialities such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
  • Required Organ Donation Request [M0015398]
    An organ procurement policy based on the requirement that health personnel routinely make inquiry of family members about the possibility of removing organs from a patient who has been declared legally dead.
  • Respite Care [M0018923]
    Patient care provided in the home or institution intermittently in order to provide temporary relief to the family home care giver.
  • Review, Continued Stay [M0004986]
  • Risk Management [M0019130]
    The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)
  • Risk Sharing, Financial [M0030069]
    Any system which allows payors to share some of the financial risk associated with a particular patient population with providers. Providers agree to adhere to fixed fee schedules in exchange for an increase in their payor base and a chance to benefit from cost containment measures. Common risk-sharing methods are prospective payment schedules (PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM), capitation (CAPITATION FEES), diagnosis-related fees (DIAGNOSIS-RELATED GROUPS), and pre-negotiated fees.
  • Rooming-in Care [M0019259]
    Care of the newborn infant in a crib near the mother's bed, instead of in a nursery, during the hospital stay.
  • Rural Health Services [M0028414]
    Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
  • Schedules, Patient [M0001623]
  • School Dentistry [M0019508]
    Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.
  • School Health [M0019509]
  • School Health Services [M0019510]
    Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
  • School Nursing [M0019511]
    Health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.
  • Scrub, Surgical [M0009793]
  • Selection for Treatment [M0023518]
  • Self Care [M0019610]
    Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
  • Self-Management [M0019611]
  • Semen Preservation [M0019631]
    The process by which semen is kept viable outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
  • Sex Counseling [M0019732]
    Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
  • Sex Education [M0019741]
    Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
  • Shared Purchasing, Hospital [M0026835]
  • Siddha Medicine [M0438731]
    A derivative of Ayurveda Rasashastra alchemy.
  • Single-Payer Plan [M0028206]
  • Single-Payer System [M0028207]
    An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)
  • Social Work, Psychiatric [M0020066]
    Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
  • Solo Practice [M0017591]
  • Specimen Disposal [M0026814]
  • Specimen Handling [M0020225]
    Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
  • Sperm Preservation [M0019632]
  • Spousal Notification [M0027686]
  • State Dentistry [M0020442]
    Control, direction and financing of the total dental care of the population by a national government.
  • State Health Planning, United States [M0009870]
  • State Health Plans [M0020448]
    State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
  • State Medicine [M0020450]
    A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
  • Student Health Services [M0020631]
    Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.
  • Subacute Care [M0028958]
    Medical and skilled nursing services provided to patients who are not in an acute phase of an illness but who require a level of care higher than that provided in a long-term care setting. (JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)
  • Subsidies, Health Planning [M0009881]
  • Suburban Health Services [M0028415]
    Health services, public or private, in suburban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
  • Surgical Intensive Care [M0025916]
  • Technology Assessment [M0021110]
  • Technology Assessment, Biomedical [M0021111]
    Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
  • Technology, Health Care [M0333928]
  • Technology, Medical [M0021116]
    The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.
  • Telemedicine [M0026126]
    Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
  • Telepathology [M0028522]
    Transmission and interpretation of tissue specimens via remote telecommunication, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or consultation but may also be used for continuing education.
  • Teleradiology [M0028521]
    The electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another for the purposes of interpretation and/or consultation. Users in different locations may simultaneously view images with greater access to secondary consultations and improved continuing education. (From American College of Radiology, ACR Standard for Teleradiology, 1994, p3)
  • Terminal Care [M0021180]
    Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
  • Thermoluminescent Dosimetry [M0021304]
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement [M0452803]
    The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.
  • Tissue and Organ Selection [M0452902]
    The procedure established to evaluate the donated TISSUES or organs prior to selection for reuse. Donated specimens may be disqualified for reuse due to deteriorating conditions and risk factors, such as INFECTIONS, and HEREDITARY DISEASES.
  • Tissue Banking [M0021575]
  • Tissue Procurement [M0015396]
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation [M0477813]
    A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.
  • Transcultural Nursing [M0025503]
    A nursing specialty created to answer the need for developing a global perspective in the practice of nursing in a world of interdependent nations and people. The focus of this nursing discipline is on the integration of international and transcultural content into the training. Courses include study in the area of cultural differences, nursing in other countries, and international health issues and organizations, as an example.
  • Transportation of Patients [M0021841]
    Conveying ill or injured individuals from one place to another.
  • Uncompensated Care [M0026719]
    Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.
  • Unnecessary Procedures [M0029054]
    Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
  • Urban Health Services [M0028416]
    Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
  • Utilization Review [M0022440]
    An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.
  • Venipuncture [M0028334]
    The puncture of a vein to draw blood for diagnostic analysis or to inject a solution.
  • Veterans Disability Claims [M0022647]
    Disorders claimed as a result of military service.
  • Voluntary Admission [M0016032]
  • Voluntary Health Agencies [M0022840]
    Non-profit organizations concerned with various aspects of health, e.g., education, promotion, treatment, services, etc.
  • Voluntary Programs [M0406890]
    Programs in which participation is not required.
  • Waste Disposal, Infectious [M0026815]
  • Waste Disposal, Pathological [M0026816]
  • Wellness Programs [M0009888]
  • Withdrawing Treatment [M0382911]
  • Withholding Resuscitation [M0025100]
  • Withholding Treatment [M0382910]
    Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
  • Women's Health Services [M0023000]
    Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
  • Workers' Compensation [M0023012]
    Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.