MeSH
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Intellectual Product

MeSH ID: T170

Related Concepts:

  • Abbreviated Injury Scale [M0024458]
    Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
  • Abbreviations [M0000004]
    Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
  • Abbreviations [Publication Type] [M0030134]
    Works consisting of lists of shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity. Acronyms are included here.
  • Abortion Surveys [M0009917]
  • Abstracts [Publication Type] [M0030176]
    Works consisting of lists of publications on a subject and that provide full annotated bibliographical information together with substantive summaries or condensations of the facts, ideas, or opinions presented in each publication listed. (From LC Subject Cataloging Manual)
  • Academic Dissertations [Publication Type] [M0028970]
    Works consisting of formal presentations made usually to fulfill requirements for an academic degree.
  • Account Books [Publication Type] [M0028971]
    Books in which personal or commercial accounts of financial transactions are recorded. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Acronyms (PT) [M0030135]
  • Addresses [Publication Type] [M0028975]
    Works consisting of speeches, orations, or written statements, usually formal, directed to a particular group of persons. These are different from LECTURES [PUBLICATION TYPE] that are usually delivered to classes for instructional purposes.
  • Advance Directives [M0024771]
    Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
  • Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems [M0025727]
    Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.
  • Advertisement [M0000507]
    A public notice, usually a paid announcement and usually printed in newspapers and magazines, posted on billboards, or disseminated via motion pictures, television, or other broadcast media.
  • Advertisements [Publication Type] [M0028972]
    Works consisting of publicly distributed notices, usually as paid announcements in mass media such as newspapers, magazines, or on billboards. They include those in motion picture, television advertising, or electronic media.
  • Algorithms [M0000708]
    A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
  • Almanacs [M0000755]
    Publications, usually annual, containing a calendar for the coming year, the times of such events and phenomena as anniversaries, sunrises, sunsets, phases of the moon, tides, meteorological, and other statistical information and related topics. Almanacs are also annual reference books of useful and interesting facts relating to countries of the world, sports, entertainment, population groups, etc. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Almanacs [Publication Type] [M0028973]
    Works consisting of a calendar of days, weeks, and months, together with information such as astronomical data, various statistics, etc. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
  • Ambulatory Care Information Systems [M0000868]
    Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
  • Anatomy, Artistic [M0001087]
  • Ancillary Information Systems [M0011319]
  • Anecdotes [M0001118]
    Brief accounts or narratives of an incident or event.
  • Anecdotes [Publication Type] [M0030136]
    Works consisting of brief accounts or narratives of incidents or events.
  • Animal Identification Systems [M0001226]
    Procedures for recognizing individual animals and certain identifiable characteristics pertaining to them; includes computerized methods, ear tags, etc.
  • Animation [Publication Type] [M0028977]
    A film or video wholly or partially created by photographing drawings, sculptures, or other inanimate things in sequence to create the illusion of motion. Animations are also generated by computers. (From Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms, 1988)
  • Annual Implementation Plans [M0018716]
  • Annual Reports [M0001260]
    Annual statements reviewing the status of the administrative and operational functions and accomplishments of an institution or organization.
  • Annual Reports [Publication Type] [M0028978]
    Works consisting of annual statements concerning the administrative and operational functions of an institution or organization.
  • Anonyms [M0001266]
  • Anonyms and Pseudonyms [M0001267]
    Designations for persons whose names are not known or who wish to remain anonymous (anonyms) and for persons who wish to conceal or obscure their identity by assuming a fictitious name (pseudonyms).
  • Antinatalist Policy [M0025379]
  • Aphorisms and Proverbs [M0001583]
    Short popular sayings effectively expressing or astutely professing general truths or useful thoughts. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p97, p1556)
  • Architectural Drawings [Publication Type] [M0028979]
    Works consisting of drawings of architecture and architectural projects, whether the project was executed or not. (Art & Architecture Thesaurus, 1990, v.2)
  • Architecture [M0001667]
  • Astrology [M0001892]
  • Atlases [M0001914]
  • Atlases [Publication Type] [M0030137]
    Works consisting of collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
  • Autobiography [M0001987]
    The life of a person written by himself or herself. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
  • B-Lymphocyte Subsets [M0024692]
    A classification of B-lymphocytes based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
  • bacteriology [M0030590]
  • Bar Codes [M0001992]
  • Bender-Gestalt Test [M0002309]
    A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.
  • Bible [M0002455]
    The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Bibliography [M0002457]
    A list of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Bibliography of Medicine [M0002458]
    A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.
  • Bibliography [Publication Type] [M0025104]
    A work consisting of a list of books, articles, documents, publications, and other items, usually on a single subject or related subjects.
  • Bibliography, Descriptive [M0002459]
    The area of bibliography which makes known precisely the material conditions of books, i.e., the full name of the author, the exact title of the work, the date and place of publication, the publisher's and printer's names, the format, the pagination, typographical particulars, illustrations, and the price, and for old books, other characteristics such as the kind of paper, binding, etc. It is also called analytical bibliography and physical bibliography. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
  • Bibliography, National [M0002460]
    A bibliography which lists all the books and other publications published, or distributed in significant quantity, in a particular country. Sometimes the term is used with respect to the new publications published within a specific period, and sometimes with respect to all those published within a lengthy period of many years. It is also used to indicate a bibliography of publications about a country (whether written by its nationals or not) and those written in the language of the country as well as those published in it. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
  • Biobibliography [M0002505]
    A biography which includes a list of the writings of the subject person.
  • Biobibliography [Publication Type] [M0030138]
    Works consisting of biographical information as well as lists of the writings of those persons.
  • Biography [M0002519]
    A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
  • Biography [Publication Type] [M0028621]
    Works consisting of an account of the events, works, and achievements, personal and professional, during a person's life. It includes articles on the activities and accomplishments of living persons as well as the presentation of an obituary.
  • Blood Groups [M0002701]
    The classification systems (or schemes) based on the different ANTIGENS located on ERYTHROCYTES.
  • Book Chapter [M0002811]
  • Book Illustrations [Publication Type] [M0028980]
    Works consisting of photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangements of data designed to elucidate or decorate the contents of a publication. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
  • Book Ornamentation [M0002805]
  • Book Reviews [M0002807]
  • Book Reviews [Publication Type] [M0359793]
    Works consisting of critical analyses of books or other monographic works.
  • Bookplates [M0002810]
    Labels pasted in books to mark their ownership and sometimes to indicate their location in a library. Private bookplates are often ornate or artistic: simpler and smaller ones bearing merely the owner's name are called "book labels." They are usually pasted on the front endpaper of books. (From Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary and Reference Book, 4th rev ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Bookplates [Publication Type] [M0028982]
    Works consisting of book owner's identification labels. They are usually intended for attaching inside a book or similar object. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II: Genre and Physical Characteristic Terms, 1995)
  • Books [M0002812]
  • Books, Illustrated [M0002813]
    Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [M0015597]
    A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
  • Broadcast Media [M0013079]
  • Broadsides [M0002926]
    Published pieces of paper or other material, usually printed on one side and intended to be read unfolded and usually intended to be posted, publicly distributed, or sold. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
  • Broadsides [Publication Type] [M0028981]
    Works consisting of published pieces of paper or other material, usually printed on one side and intended to be read unfolded and usually intended to be posted, publicly distributed, or sold, e.g., proclamations, handbills, newssheets, etc. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
  • Budgets [M0003000]
    Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
  • Caricatures [M0003485]
    Works portraying in a critical or facetious way a real individual or group, or a figure representing a social, political, ethnic, or racial type. The effect is usually achieved through distortion or exaggeration of characteristics. (Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)
  • Caricatures [Publication Type] [M0028983]
    Works portraying in a critical or facetious way a real individual or group, or a figure representing a social, political, ethnic, or racial type. The effect is usually achieved through distortion or exaggeration of characteristics. (Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collection Cataloguing, 2d ed)
  • Cartoons [M0003570]
    Sketches or drawings, usually humorous, symbolizing, satirizing, or caricaturing some action, subject, or person of popular interest. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Cartoons [Publication Type] [M0028984]
    Works consisting of humorous, satirical, or ridiculing images executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
  • Case Histories [M0003583]
  • Case Reports [Publication Type] [M0003582]
    Clinical presentations that may be followed by evaluative studies that eventually lead to a diagnosis.
  • Case Study [M0003584]
  • Catalogs [M0003619]
    Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.
  • Catalogs [Publication Type] [M0028985]
    Works consisting of bibliographic records, created according to specific and uniform principles of construction and under the control of an authority file, which describe the materials contained in a collection, library, or group of libraries. Catalogs include also lists of materials prepared for a particular purpose, such as exhibition catalogs, sales catalogs, garden catalogs, medical supply catalogs. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Sciences, 1983)
  • Catalogs, Commercial [M0003621]
  • Catalogs, Library [M0003623]
  • Catalogs, Union [M0003625]
  • Cattell Personality Factor Questionnaire [M0003685]
    Self report questionnaire which yields 16 scores on personality traits, such as reserved vs. outgoing, humble vs. assertive, etc.
  • CD-I [M0028412]
    An optical disk storage system used on specialized players that combine the functions of computer and CD player in a self-contained box, designed to be connected to a television set and a home stereo for video and sound output. The player is controlled with a hand-held remote unit resembling a television remote control. (J Allied Health 1993 Winter;22(1):131-8)
  • CD-ROM [M0024821]
    An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.
  • Certificate of Need [M0003921]
    A certificate issued by a governmental body to an individual or organization proposing to construct or modify a health facility, or to offer a new or different service. The process of issuing the certificate is also included.
  • Charts [Publication Type] [M0030139]
    Information presented in graphic form, for example, graphs or diagrams.
  • chemical structure [M0030906]
  • Chinese Visible Human Project [M0493122]
  • Chronology [M0004450]
  • Chronology [Publication Type] [M0030140]
    Works consisting of lists of events arranged in chronological order.
  • Classical Article [Publication Type] [M0025107]
    Works consisting of a current presentation of a previously printed seminal article marking a milestone in the history of medicine or science. It is usually accompanied by introductory remarks heralding its reprinting, often on the anniversary of its original publication or on an anniversary of the author's birth or death. It is usually reprinted in full, with complete bibliographical reference to the original appearance.
  • Clinical Conference [Publication Type] [M0025118]
    Work that consists of a conference of physicians on their observations of a patient at the bedside, regarding the physical state, laboratory and other diagnostic findings, clinical manifestations, results of current therapy, etc. A clinical conference usually ends with a confirmation or correction of clinical findings by a pathological diagnosis performed by a pathologist. "Clinical conference" is often referred to as a "clinico-pathological conference."
  • Clinical Laboratory Information Systems [M0004568]
    Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.
  • Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems [M0024916]
    Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services.
  • Clinical Practice Guideline [M0025941]
  • Clinical Trial [Publication Type] [M0025119]
    Work that is the report of a pre-planned clinical study of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in humans selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. While most clinical trials concern humans, this publication type may be used for clinical veterinary articles meeting the requisites for humans. Specific headings for specific types and phases of clinical trials are also available.
  • Clinical Trials, Randomized [M0024509]
  • Codes of Ethics [M0401403]
    Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
  • Codes of Professional Ethics [M0401404]
  • Collected Correspondence [Publication Type] [M0030177]
    Works consisting of collected letters by or about a person or on a subject.
  • Collected Works [Publication Type] [M0030141]
    Works consisting of collections of previously published works.
  • Collections [Publication Type] [M0030142]
    Works that consist of collections of objects.
  • College Admission Test [M0004796]
    Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.
  • Comment [Publication Type] [M0025108]
    Work consisting of a critical or explanatory note written to discuss, support, or dispute an article or other presentation previously published. It may take the form of an article, letter, editorial, etc. It appears in publications under a variety of names: comment, commentary, editorial comment, viewpoint, etc.
  • Communication Programs [M0004870]
  • Communications Media [M0004880]
    The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.
  • Comparative Study [M0004908]
  • Comprehensive Health Plans, Local [M0009921]
  • Computer Programs and Programming [M0020122]
  • Computer Viruses [M0025180]
  • Computer Worms [M0025181]
  • Computerized Physician Order Entry System [M0473995]
  • Computing Methodologies [M0004979]
    Computer-assisted analysis and processing of problems in a particular area.
  • Conference Proceedings [M0005005]
  • Conferences and Congresses [M0005010]
  • Confidential Information [M0004995]
  • Congress (PT) [M0025111]
  • Congresses [Publication Type] [M0025112]
    Published records of the papers delivered at or issued on the occasion of individual congresses, symposia, and meetings; abstracts of papers delivered at such congresses; reports of the officers and delegates of such congresses; combinations of the foregoing; or proceedings of the conference of a society if they are not limited to matters of internal organization.
  • Consensus Development Conference [Publication Type] [M0025136]
    A work that consists of summary statements representing the majority and current agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals meeting to reach a consensus on a selected subject.
  • Consensus Development Conference, NIH [Publication Type] [M0025137]
    Work consisting of summary statements, from a conference sponsored by NIH, representing the majority of current opinion of physicians, scientists, and other professionals on a selected subject.
  • Consensus Development Conferences [M0005033]
    Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.
  • Consensus Sequence [M0025062]
    A theoretical representative nucleotide or amino acid sequence in which each nucleotide or amino acid is the one which occurs most frequently at that site in the different sequences which occur in nature. The phrase also refers to an actual sequence which approximates the theoretical consensus. A known CONSERVED SEQUENCE set is represented by a consensus sequence. Commonly observed supersecondary protein structures (AMINO ACID MOTIFS) are often formed by conserved sequences.
  • Consent Forms [M0011325]
    Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.
  • Consumer Handout [Publication Type] [M0384502]
  • Consumer Health Information [Publication Type] [M0484826]
    The continuum extending from the specific information needs of patients to the broader provision of health information for the lay person.
  • Consumer Information (Publication Type) [M0030166]
  • Consumer Information Handout [Publication Type] [M0384501]
  • Contracts [M0401709]
    Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
  • Controlled Clinical Trial [Publication Type] [M0028202]
    Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL [PUBLICATION TYPE].
  • Controlled Clinical Trials [M0028203]
    Clinical trials involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicines, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trials are characterized as RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS.
  • Controlled Clinical Trials, Randomized [M0024510]
  • Controlled Thesaurus [M0028229]
  • Cookbooks [M0005143]
  • Corrected and Republished Article [Publication Type] [M0025129]
    Work that is the republication of an article to correct, amplify, or restore text and data of the originally published article.
  • Correlation Study [M0020453]
  • Correspondence [M0024093]
    Communication between persons or between institutions or organizations by an exchange of letters. Its use in indexing and cataloging will generally figure in historical and biographical material.
  • Cox Models [M0024485]
  • Cox Proportional Hazards Models [M0024486]
  • CPT Codes [M0419433]
  • criteria [M0030791]
  • Critical Pathways [M0028495]
    Schedules of medical and nursing procedures, including diagnostic tests, medications, and consultations designed to effect an efficient, coordinated program of treatment. (From Mosby's Medical, Nursing & Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed)
  • Current Biog-Obit (PT) [M0028619]
  • Current Procedural Terminology [M0419432]
    Descriptive terms and identifying codes for reporting medical services and procedures performed by PHYSICIANS. It is produced by the AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION and used in insurance claim reporting for MEDICARE; MEDICAID; and private health insurance programs (From CPT 2002).
  • Curriculum [M0005425]
    A course of study offered by an educational institution.
  • Data Display [M0005679]
    The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is a cathode ray tube display in which certain data can be called for from the computer and presented on the screen.
  • Data Files [M0001997]
  • Data Systems [M0011320]
  • Database Management Systems [M0005681]
    Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
  • Database [Publication Type] [M0029699]
    Work consisting of a structured file of information or a set of logically related data stored and retrieved using computer-based means.
  • Databases [M0029700]
    Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Databases, Bibliographic [M0024746]
    Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
  • Databases, Distributed [M0004955]
  • Databases, Factual [M0024748]
    Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
  • Databases, Genetic [M0388144]
    DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
  • Databases, Nucleic Acid [M0388324]
    DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
  • Databases, Protein [M0388326]
    DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
  • Decision Aids [M0005730]
  • Decision Modeling [M0005731]
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical [M0029706]
    Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
  • Decision Support Systems, Management [M0005727]
    Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.
  • Decision Support Techniques [M0005729]
    Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
  • Decision Theory [M0005733]
    A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
  • Decision Trees [M0005734]
    A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).
  • Dental Prosthesis Design [M0026209]
    The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
  • Dental Records [M0005936]
    Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
  • Denture Identification Marking [M0005969]
    Any system of defining ownership of dentures or dental prostheses.
  • Descriptors [M0020660]
  • Development Plans [M0020008]
  • Development Policy [M0018099]
  • Diagnosis-Related Groups [M0006194]
    A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [M0419449]
    Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
  • Diaries [Publication Type] [M0028987]
    Works consisting of records, usually private, of writers' experiences, observations, feelings, attitudes, etc. They may also be works marked in calendar order in which to note appointments and the like. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Dictionaries [M0006302]
  • Dictionaries, Chemical [M0006303]
  • Dictionaries, Classical [M0006304]
  • Dictionaries, Dental [M0006305]
  • Dictionaries, Medical [M0006306]
  • Dictionaries, Pharmaceutic [M0006307]
  • Dictionaries, Polyglot [M0006308]
  • Dictionary [Publication Type] [M0025126]
    A reference book containing a list of words - usually in alphabetical order - giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning. A foreign-language dictionary is an alphabetical list of words of one language with their meaning and equivalents in another language.
  • Directories [M0006551]
    Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Directory [Publication Type] [M0025123]
    Work consisting of an alphabetical or classified list of names, organizations, subjects, etc., giving usually titles, addresses, affiliations, and other professional data.
  • Dispensatories [M0006583]
  • Dissertations, Academic [M0006589]
    Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.
  • Distributed Systems [M0004956]
  • DNA Computation [M0418735]
  • DNA Data Bank of Japan [M0392185]
  • DNA Databases [M0024749]
  • DNA Sequence Databases [M0388463]
  • Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders [M0025096]
  • Documentaries and Factual Films [Publication Type] [M0028988]
    Works consisting of films, videos, and programs which depict actual persons or actual events. They do not include frank historical re-creations and do not attempt to judge the truth of the depiction in a film purporting to be factual or documentary in character. (From Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms, 1988)
  • Documentation [M0006702]
    Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
  • Double Bind Theory [M0334197]
  • Drama [M0006801]
    A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Drawings [Publication Type] [M0030143]
    Works consisting of graphic representations of objects or ideas by lines.
  • DSM-II [M0429111]
  • DSM-III [M0429112]
  • DSM-IV [M0429110]
  • DSM-V [M0429114]
  • Duplicate Publication [M0024094]
    Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.
  • Duplicate Publication [Publication Type] [M0025127]
    Work consisting of an article or book of identical or nearly identical material published simultaneously or successively to material previously published elsewhere, without acknowledgment of the prior publication.
  • Easterlin Hypothesis [M0007019]
  • Editorial Policies [M0018111]
    The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
  • Editorial [Publication Type] [M0025109]
    Work consisting of a statement of the opinions, beliefs, and policy of the editor or publisher of a journal, usually on current matters of medical or scientific significance to the medical community or society at large. The editorials published by editors of journals representing the official organ of a society or organization are generally substantive.
  • Edwards Personal Preference Schedule [M0016394]
  • Electronic Mail [M0004957]
    Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
  • Emergency Care Information Systems [M0011321]
  • Emergency Medical Service Communication Systems [M0007267]
    The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.
  • Encyclopedias [M0007383]
    Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Encyclopedias [Publication Type] [M0028989]
    Works containing informational articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • English Abstract [M0007449]
  • Entropy [M0028706]
    The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Ephemera [Publication Type] [M0028990]
    Works consisting of transient everyday items, usually printed on paper, that are produced for a specific limited use and then often thrown away. (From Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed & The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Epistemology [M0028814]
  • Eponyms [M0007608]
  • Erotica [M0007668]
    Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Essays [Publication Type] [M0030145]
    Works consisting of collections of papers or interpretive literary compositions not previously published.
  • Estimation Techniques [M0020459]
  • Ethical Directives [M0401406]
  • Ethical Oaths [M0401405]
  • Etymology [M0014945]
  • Eulogies [Publication Type] [M0028991]
    Works consisting of speeches or writings in praise of a person or thing, especially a set oration in honor of a deceased person. They differ from FUNERAL SERMONS [PUBLICATION TYPE] which are delivered at ceremonies for the deceased prior to their burial or cremation. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • European Molecular Biology Laboratory Nucleotide Sequence Database [M0392184]
  • Evaluation [M0007983]
  • Evaluation Report [M0007984]
  • Evaluation Studies [Publication Type] [M0361811]
    Works consisting of studies determining the effectiveness or utility of processes, personnel, and equipment.
  • Examination Questions [Publication Type] [M0030146]
    Works consisting of compilations of questions and answers pertaining to a particular subject, used for study and review.
  • Exhibitions [Publication Type] [M0030147]
    Works consisting of descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.
  • Existentialism [M0008018]
    Philosophy based on the analysis of the individual's existence in the world which holds that human existence cannot be completely described in scientific terms. Existentialism also stresses the freedom and responsibility of the individual as well as the uniqueness of religious and ethical experiences and the analysis of subjective phenomena such as anxiety, guilt, and suffering. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
  • Experimental Model [M0013979]
  • Experiments (PT) [M0030154]
  • Expert Systems [M0008048]
    Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
  • Family Planning Policy [M0025380]
    A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
  • Family Policy [M0025381]
  • Family Tree [M0391303]
  • Feasibility Studies [M0008279]
    Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
  • Festschrift [Publication Type] [M0024769]
    Work consisting of a collection of essays or other writings contributed by students, teachers, colleagues, and admirers to honor a scholar, physician, or other scientist on a special occasion noting an event of importance in his or her life.
  • Fictional Works [Publication Type] [M0359794]
    Works consisting of creative writing, not presented as factual.
  • Field Report [M0025477]
  • Films [M0014102]
  • Finite Element Analysis [M0029979]
    A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
  • Five-Year Plans [M0020036]
  • Flowcharts (Computer) [M0020126]
  • Food Policy [M0027978]
  • Forecasting [M0008735]
    The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
  • Forms [Publication Type] [M0030148]
    Works consisting of or containing a substantial number of blank forms.
  • Formularies [M0008769]
    Lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
  • Formularies, Dental [M0008770]
  • Formularies, Homeopathic [M0008771]
  • Formularies, Hospital [M0008772]
    Formularies concerned with pharmaceuticals prescribed in hospitals.
  • Freudian Theory [M0008842]
    Philosophic formulations which are basic to psychoanalysis. Some of the conceptual theories developed were of the libido, repression, regression, transference, id, ego, superego, Oedipus Complex, etc.
  • Funeral Sermons [Publication Type] [M0028992]
    Works consisting of sermons delivered at ceremonies for a dead person prior to burial or cremation. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Fuzzy Logic [M0026040]
    Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
  • Game Theory [M0008969]
    Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
  • Games, Experimental [M0008971]
    Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedure or strategies.
  • GenBank [M0392183]
  • Genealogy and Heraldry [M0009070]
  • Geneology [M0009069]
  • General Systems Theory [M0020982]
  • Genetic Sequence Databases [M0388145]
  • Geographic Information Systems [M0421371]
    Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
  • Gestalt Law of Closure [M0016253]
  • Gestalt Theory [M0009212]
    A system which emphasizes that experience and behavior contain basic patterns and relationships which cannot be reduced to simpler components; that is, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
  • Glasgow Coma Scale [M0023945]
    A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
  • Glasgow Outcome Scale [M0361011]
    A scale that assesses the outcome of serious craniocerebral injuries, based on the level of regained social functioning.
  • Goals [M0009514]
    The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
  • Government Documents [Publication Type] [M0359784]
  • Government Publications [M0009570]
  • Government Publications [Publication Type] [M0359783]
    Works consisting of documents issued by local, regional, or national governments or by their agencies or subdivisions.
  • Grateful Med [M0024803]
    A microcomputer-based software package providing a user-friendly interface to the MEDLARS system of the National Library of Medicine.
  • growth & development [M0030446]
    Used with microorganisms, plants, and the postnatal period of animals for growth and development. It includes also the postnatal growth or development of organs or anatomical parts.
  • Guidebooks [Publication Type] [M0028993]
    Works consisting of publications for travelers that give information about a city, region, or country, or similar handbooks about buildings, museums, etc. (The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Guideline [Publication Type] [M0025120]
    Work consisting of a set of statements, directions, or principles presenting current or future rules or policy. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, organizations such as professional societies or governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form, but it is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any discipline or activity. This concept relates to the general conduct and administration of health care activities rather than to specific decisions for a particular clinical condition. For that aspect, PRACTICE GUIDELINE [PUBLICATION TYPE] is available.
  • Guidelines [M0026422]
    A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES is available.
  • guidelines [M0030790]
  • Handbooks [Publication Type] [M0030149]
    Works consisting of concise reference works in which facts and information pertaining to a certain subject or field are arranged for ready reference and consultation rather than for continuous reading and study.
  • Hazards Models [M0024487]
  • Health Diaries [M0013226]
  • Health Education (Publication Type) [M0030167]
  • Health Records, Personal [M0013227]
  • Health Risk Appraisal [M0009915]
  • Health Status Indicators [M0009916]
    The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
  • Health Systems Plans [M0009922]
    Statements of goals for the delivery of health services pertaining to the Health Systems Agency service area, established under PL 93-641, and consistent with national guidelines for health planning.
  • Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System [M0463907]
    Uniform method for health care providers and medical suppliers to report professional services, procedures, and supplies. It consists of alphanumeric codes and modifiers for the use of all public and private health insurers. It is developed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
  • Heraldry [M0009071]
  • Herbals [Publication Type] [M0028994]
    Works such as books on herbs or plants usually describing their medicinal value. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Historical Article [Publication Type] [M0025144]
    An article or portion of an article giving an account of past events or circumstances significant in a field of study, a profession, a discovery, an invention, etc. The concept of history is very wide, ranging from the dawn of time to the present. This publication type is often checked in conjunction with BIOGRAPHY [PUBLICATION TYPE].
  • Historical Biography (PT) [M0028620]
  • historical notes [M0030461]
  • Historical Survey (PT) [M0025143]
  • history [M0030460]
    Used for the historical aspects of any subject. It includes brief historical notes but excludes case histories.
  • Holtzman Inkblot Test [M0010495]
    Personality evaluation based on the scoring of several variables as a result of the subject's responses in perceiving 47 inkblot plates.
  • Hospital Communication Systems [M0010565]
    The transmission of messages to staff and patients within a hospital.
  • Hospital Distribution Systems [M0010572]
    Systems for delivering hospital supplies, food, laundry, etc., to patient care areas.
  • Hospital Information Systems [M0010573]
    Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
  • Hospital Records [M0010577]
    Compilations of data on hospital activities and programs; excludes patient medical records.
  • Humor [Publication Type] [M0030150]
    Works consisting of jokes and facetiae relating to a subject.
  • Hypermedia [M0028544]
    Computerized compilations of information units (text, sound, graphics, and/or video) interconnected by logical nonlinear linkages that enable users to follow optimal paths through the material and also the systems used to create and display this information. (From Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
  • Hypertext [M0028543]
  • ICD Codes [M0418152]
  • ICD-10 [M0429149]
  • ICD-10-CM [M0429152]
  • ICD-9 [M0429150]
  • ICD-9-CM [M0429151]
  • Incunabula [M0011204]
  • Index [M0000066]
  • Index Medicus [M0013276]
  • Indexes [Publication Type] [M0030151]
    Works providing an analytical subject approach to materials in a field of knowledge.
  • Indirect Estimation Techniques [M0020460]
  • Information Resources (PT) [M0030181]
  • Information Retrieval Systems [M0011322]
  • Information Systems [M0011323]
    Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
  • Information Theory [M0011324]
    An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.
  • Injury Severity Score [M0023946]
    An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
  • Ink Blot Tests [M0011362]
    Projective tests utilizing ink blots to which a subject responds. They are used in personality diagnosis.
  • Institutional Policy [M0024638]
  • Instruction [Publication Type] [M0029000]
    Works consisting of nonfiction films and video designed to teach, instruct, or train. (From Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms, 1988)
  • Integrated Academic Information Management Systems [M0025175]
  • Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems [M0025174]
    A concept, developed in 1983 under the aegis of and supported by the National Library of Medicine under the name of Integrated Academic Information Management Systems, to provide professionals in academic health sciences centers and health sciences institutions with convenient access to an integrated and comprehensive network of knowledge. It addresses a wide cross-section of users from administrators and faculty to students and clinicians and has applications to planning, clinical and managerial decision-making, teaching, and research. It provides access to various types of clinical, management, educational, etc., databases, as well as to research and bibliographic databases. In August 1992 the name was changed from Integrated Academic Information Management Systems to Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems to reflect use beyond the academic milieu.
  • Intellectual Property [M0028344]
    Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
  • International Classification of Diseases [M0417173]
    A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
  • Internet [M0030057]
    A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
  • Interview [Publication Type] [M0026105]
    Work consisting of a conversation with an individual regarding his or her background and other personal and professional details, opinions on specific subjects posed by the interviewer, etc.
  • Interviews [M0011565]
    Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
  • Investigational New Drug Application [M0026403]
    An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)
  • Investigative Report [M0018833]
  • Isonymy [M0014450]
  • Job Description [M0011854]
    Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.
  • Journal Article [Publication Type] [M0025117]
    The predominant publication type for articles and other items indexed for NLM databases.
  • Jungian Theory [M0011873]
    A theoretical psychoanalytical system centered around symbols of the unconscious with the unconscious material derived from two sources - the personal unconscious (repressed or forgotten experiences, thoughts and feelings) and the collective or objective unconscious (the universal inherited qualities which dispose individuals to behave in ways similar to their ancestors).
  • Juvenile Literature [Publication Type] [M0030152]
    Works produced for children through age 15 or through the ninth grade.
  • Knowledge [M0028815]
    The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
  • Laboratory Manuals [Publication Type] [M0030153]
    Works containing concise background information and directions for activities, including conducting experiments or diagnostic tests in the laboratory.
  • Laws (PT) [M0030156]
  • Lecture Notes [Publication Type] [M0029014]
    Works consisting of notes taken at the delivery or reading of a speech before an audience or class, usually given to instruct. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Lectures [Publication Type] [M0029016]
    Works consisting of speeches read or delivered before an audience or class, especially for instruction or to set forth some subject. They are differentiated from ADDRESSES [PUBLICATION TYPE] which are less didactic and more informational, entertaining, inspirational, or polemic. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Legal Brief (PT) [M0025106]
  • Legal Cases [Publication Type] [M0025105]
    Works consisting of collections of law reports or the published reports of decided cases and documents or filings related to those cases.
  • Legislation [Publication Type] [M0030155]
    Works consisting of the text of proposed or enacted legislation that may be in the form of bills, laws, statutes, ordinances, or government regulations.
  • Letter [Publication Type] [M0025110]
    Work consisting of written or printed communication between individuals or between persons and representatives of corporate bodies. The correspondence may be personal or professional. In medical and other scientific publications the letter is usually from one or more authors to the editor of the journal or book publishing the item being commented upon or discussed. LETTER [PUBLICATION TYPE] is often accompanied by COMMENT [PUBLICATION TYPE].
  • Library Materials [M0028337]
    Print and non-print materials collected, processed, and stored by libraries. They comprise books, periodicals, pamphlets, reports, microforms, maps, manuscripts, motion pictures, and all other forms of audiovisual records. (Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary, 4th ed, p497)
  • Life Table Estimates [M0024447]
  • Life Table Methods [M0024448]
  • Life Table Models [M0024449]
  • Life Tables [M0024450]
    Summarizing techniques used to describe the pattern of mortality and survival in populations. These methods can be applied to the study not only of death, but also of any defined endpoint such as the onset of disease or the occurrence of disease complications.
  • Likelihood Functions [M0024477]
    Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
  • Literature [M0012619]
    Writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. The body of written works produced in a particular language, country, or age. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Literature, Medieval [M0012620]
  • Literature, Modern [M0012621]
  • Location Directories [M0012666]
  • Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes [M0419436]
    A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc)
  • Logistic Models [M0024482]
    Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
  • Logit Models [M0024484]
  • Lorr's Inpatient Multidimensional Psychiatric Rating Scale [M0017983]
  • Lymphocyte Subsets [M0024633]
    A classification of lymphocytes based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
  • Machine-Readable Data Files [M0001994]
  • Magazines [M0016323]
  • Management Case Studies [M0029684]
  • Management Information Systems [M0012971]
    Systems designed to provide information primarily concerned with the administrative functions associated with the provision and utilization of services; also includes program planning, etc.
  • Manifest Anxiety Scale [M0012988]
    True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.
  • Manuals [M0013014]
    Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
  • Manuscripts [M0013017]
    Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Manuscripts [Publication Type] [M0030157]
    Works prepared by hand including handwritten or typescript drafts of pre-publication papers or works not otherwise reproduced in multiple copies.
  • Manuscripts, Medical [M0013018]
  • Maps [M0013023]
    Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
  • Maps [Publication Type] [M0029017]
    Works consisting of representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth. They may be used also in delineating the heavens and celestial bodies. (From Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2d ed, p619)
  • Mathematical Model [M0393765]
  • Maxims [M0001584]
  • Maximum Likelihood Estimates [M0024478]
  • Medical Informatics Applications [M0013217]
    Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
  • Medical Order Entry Systems [M0473994]
    Information systems, usually computer-assisted, that enable providers to initiate medical procedures, prescribe medications, etc. These systems support medical decision-making and error-reduction during patient care.
  • Medical Records [M0013228]
    Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
  • Medical Records Systems, Computerized [M0024989]
    Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
  • Medical Records, Computerized [M0024988]
  • Medical Records, Problem-Oriented [M0013231]
    A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.
  • Medical Subject Headings [M0455054]
    Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
  • Medication Systems [M0013246]
    Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients.
  • Medication Systems, Hospital [M0013249]
    Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.
  • MEDLARS [M0013277]
    A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.
  • MEDLINE [M0024802]
    The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE¨ (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
  • MedlinePlus [M0464047]
    NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
  • Meeting Abstracts [Publication Type] [M0025103]
    For individual abstracts of presentations at meetings, congresses, conferences, symposia, colloquia, seminars, workshops, round tables, and other professional gatherings.
  • Memory for Designs Test [M0014758]
  • Mental Status Schedule [M0013416]
    Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.
  • Meta-Analysis [M0023357]
    A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
  • Meta-Analysis [Publication Type] [M0026435]
    Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.
  • Metathesaurus [M0026447]
  • methodology [M0030585]
  • Methods [M0013587]
  • methods [M0030584]
    Used with techniques, procedures, and programs for methods.
  • microbiology [M0030588]
    Used with organs, animals, and higher plants and with diseases for microbiologic studies. For parasites, "parasitology" is used; for viruses, "virology" is used.
  • Migration Policy [M0018100]
  • MMPI [M0013964]
    A personality inventory consisting of statements to be asserted or denied by the individual. The patterns of response are characteristic of certain personality attributes.
  • Models, Anatomic [M0013967]
    Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
  • Models, Binomial [M0023409]
  • Models, Biological [M0013969]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
  • Models, Cardiovascular [M0013970]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
  • Models, Chemical [M0013971]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
  • Models, Decision Support [M0005732]
  • Models, Econometric [M0025926]
    The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
  • Models, Economic [M0028153]
    Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
  • Models, Educational [M0026042]
    Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.
  • Models, Genetic [M0013972]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
  • Models, Immunological [M0027673]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of immune system, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electrical equipment.
  • Models, Molecular [M0013973]
    Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
  • Models, Neurological [M0013974]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
  • Models, Nursing [M0024902]
    Theoretical models simulating behavior or activities in nursing, including nursing care, management and economics, theory, assessment, research, and education. Some examples of these models include Orem Self-Care Model, Roy Adaptation Model, and Rogers Life Process Model.
  • Models, Organizational [M0026043]
    Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
  • Models, Polynomial [M0023410]
  • Models, Psychological [M0013975]
    Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
  • Models, Statistical [M0023411]
    Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
  • Models, Surgical [M0361894]
  • Models, Theoretical [M0013977]
    Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
  • Molecular Computation [M0418734]
  • Molecular Sequence Data [M0013986]
    Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
  • Monograph [Publication Type] [M0025153]
    Work that is any publication that is not a serial or integrating resource. In cataloging usage, It is usually on a single subject or related subjects and is complete in itself, whether constructed of chapters, sections, or parts. While any article encountered in indexing journals can be, strictly speaking, a monograph, as a publication type, a monograph will refer to a cataloging item.
  • morbidity [M0030651]
  • mortality [M0030609]
    Used with human and veterinary diseases for mortality statistics. For deaths resulting from various procedures statistically but for a death resulting in a specific case, use FATAL OUTCOME, not /mortality.
  • Motion Pictures [M0014101]
    The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
  • Moulages [M0013968]
  • Multi-Hospital Information Systems [M0010574]
  • Multicenter Studies [M0023612]
    Controlled studies which are planned and carried out by several cooperating institutions to assess certain variables and outcomes in specific patient populations, for example, a multicenter study of congenital anomalies in children.
  • Multicenter Study [Publication Type] [M0025138]
    Work consisting of a controlled study executed by several cooperating institutions.
  • Multimedia [M0028616]
    Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
  • Music [M0014265]
  • mycology [M0030589]
  • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator [M0016395]
  • Mythology [M0014378]
    A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
  • Names [M0014449]
    Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
  • National Formulary [M0016470]
  • National Health Insurance, Non-U.S. [M0014504]
  • National Health Policy [M0009884]
  • National Practitioner Data Bank [M0025506]
    A databank established by the Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 authorizing the Department of Health and Human Services to collect and release information on the professional competence and conduct of physicians, dentists, nurses, and other health care practitioners. The data include adverse actions on physicians' malpractice, licensure, hospital privileges, concealing of pertinent information, and the like.
  • Network Communication Protocols [M0004958]
  • Neural Networks (Computer) [M0025278]
    A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming [M0328547]
    A set of models of how communication impacts and is impacted by subjective experience. Techniques are generated from these models by sequencing of various aspects of the models in order to change someone's internal representations. Neurolinguistic programming is concerned with the patterns or programming created by the interactions among the brain, language, and the body, that produce both effective and ineffective behavior.
  • News [Publication Type] [M0025122]
    Works consisting of an announcement or statement of recent or current events of new data and matters of interest in the field of medicine or science. In some publications, such as "Nature" or "Science," the news reports are substantively written and herald medical and scientific data of vital or controversial importance.
  • Newsletters [M0016321]
  • Newspaper Article [Publication Type] [M0027655]
    Work consisting of a news item appearing in a general-interest newspaper or other general news periodical, containing information of current and timely interest in the field of medicine or science. This publication type should not be confused with NEWS [PUBLICATION TYPE], reserved for news reports published in various medical or other scientific journals, such as "Nature".
  • Newspapers [M0014805]
    Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
  • Nomenclature [M0014946]
  • Nomenclature (PT) [M0030174]
  • Nomograms [M0464563]
    Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
  • Nonlinear Dynamics [M0026779]
    The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.
  • Nucleic Acid Sequence Databases [M0388444]
  • Nurses' Instruction [Publication Type] [M0030158]
    Works consisting of materials developed for a nursing audience.
  • Nursing Care Plans [M0016040]
  • Nursing Records [M0015105]
    Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient's progress.
  • Nutrition Policy [M0027979]
    Governmental guidelines and objectives pertaining to public food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet and changes in food habits to ensure healthy diet.
  • Oedipus Complex [M0015231]
    Attachment of the child to the parent of the opposite sex, accompanied by envious and aggressive feelings toward the parent of the same sex.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance In Man [M0392164]
  • Online Systems [M0015304]
    Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
  • Operating Room Information Systems [M0015312]
    Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of operating room services and facilities.
  • Orem Self-Care Model [M0024903]
  • Organizational Case Studies [M0029685]
    Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
  • Organizational Policy [M0024639]
    A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
  • Outlines [Publication Type] [M0030159]
    Works consisting of brief statements of the principal elements of a subject, usually arranged by heads and subheads.
  • Outtakes (PT) [M0029002]
  • Overall [Publication Type] [M0025113]
    A single citation covering several articles of various degrees of specificity or a single citation covering papers or abstracts presented at a meeting. A subject overall refers to a series of articles on a single subject; a congress overall refers to papers presented at a formal local, regional, national, or international gathering; a society overall refers to papers presented at an annual, semi-annual, monthly, weekly, or other meeting of a society, academy, institute, hospital, etc. The publication type may be used for a single citation with or without the additional indexing or cataloging of individual papers. The individual papers, however, are not labeled OVERALL.
  • Paintings [M0015754]
  • Pamphlets [M0015785]
    Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.
  • Parish Registers [M0018722]
  • Patents [Publication Type] [M0030160]
    Works consisting of documents granted by a government giving exclusive rights to an inventor or assignee to manufacture, use, or sell an invention for a certain number of years.
  • Patient Education (PT) [M0030168]
  • Patient Education Handout [Publication Type] [M0384353]
    Works consisting of a handout or self-contained informative material used to explain a procedure or a condition or the contents of a specific article in a biomedical journal and written in non-technical language for the patient or consumer.
  • Patient Handout [Publication Type] [M0384503]
  • Patient Identification Systems [M0016057]
    Organized procedures for establishing patient identity, including use of bracelets, etc.
  • Pedigree [M0016091]
    The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
  • Periodical Index [Publication Type] [M0025141]
    Work consisting of a subject approach to the contents of a periodical issuing an annual, biennial, quinquennial, decennial, etc., index. The heading is used for the overall body of articles published by a periodical in the same sense that BIBLIOGRAPHY [PUBLICATION TYPE] is useful when published as a single article.
  • Periodicals [M0016322]
    A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
  • Periodicals [Publication Type] [M0030161]
    Publications intended to be issued on an ongoing basis, generally more frequently than annually, containing separate articles, stories, or writings.
  • Personal Construct Theory [M0027416]
    A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)
  • Personal Identification Systems [M0018645]
  • Personal Narratives [Publication Type] [M0030162]
    Works consisting of accounts of personal experience in relation to a particular field or of participation in related activities or autobiographical accounts.
  • Personnel Staffing and Scheduling Information Systems [M0016409]
    Computer-based systems for use in personnel management in a facility, e.g., distribution of caregivers with relation to patient needs.
  • Personnel Staffing Information Systems [M0016410]
  • Persuasive Communication [M0016414]
    A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
  • Pharmacopoeias [M0016471]
    Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
  • Pharmacopoeias [Publication Type] [M0029024]
    Authoritative works containing lists of drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, main chemical properties, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity, etc. They have the status of a standard.
  • Pharmacopoeias, Homeopathic [M0016472]
  • Philology [M0016595]
    The study of literature in its widest sense, including grammar, etymology, criticism, literary history, language history, linguistic history, systems of writing, and anything else that is relevant to literature or language viewed as literature. Philology as a discipline has both philosophical and scientific overtones.
  • Philology, Classical [M0016596]
    The study of ancient Greek and Roman literature, including grammar, etymology, criticism, literary history, and language and linguistic history.
  • Philology, Oriental [M0016597]
    The study of literature written in languages of Asia and the Far East, including grammar, etymology, criticism, literary history, and language and linguistic history.
  • Philology, Romance [M0016598]
    The study of literature written in the Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian, and others descended from Latin), including grammar, etymology, criticism, literary history, and language and linguistic history.
  • Phrases [Publication Type] [M0030163]
    Works consisting of common terms, phrases, idioms, and typical conversations, e.g., between health professional and patients. These are often intended for use by non-native speakers of a language.
  • Phrenology [M0016765]
    The study of the conformation of the skull as indicative of mental faculties and traits of character, especially according to the hypothesis of F. J. Gall (1758-1828). (Webster 3d ed)
  • Pictorial Works [Publication Type] [M0030164]
    Works consisting exclusively or mainly of pictures but not technical drawings.
  • Picture Archiving and Communication Systems [M0018434]
  • Picture Archiving, Radiologic [M0018431]
  • Planning Techniques [M0016954]
    Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.
  • Planning Theories [M0016955]
  • Pleasure-Pain Principle [M0017036]
    The psychoanalytic concept that man instinctively seeks to avoid pain and discomfort and strives for gratification and pleasure.
  • Poetry [M0017094]
  • Policy [M0018105]
  • Popular Works [Publication Type] [M0030165]
    Works written for non-professional or lay audiences.
  • Population Forecast [M0008738]
  • Population Policy [M0018101]
  • Population Register [M0018723]
  • Pornography [M0007669]
  • Portraits [M0017344]
    Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
  • Portraits [Publication Type] [M0028969]
    Works consisting of graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. They are pictures whose purpose is the portrayal of an individual or group of individuals, not pictures which merely include people as part of an event or scene. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
  • Posters [Publication Type] [M0029005]
    Works consisting of single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for posting, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial. They are intended to make an immediate impression from a distance. Posters do not include poster presentations at conferences and meetings. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II: Genre and Physical Characteristic Headings, 1995)
  • Practice Guideline [Publication Type] [M0025940]
    Work consisting of a set of directions or principles to assist the health care practitioner with patient care decisions about appropriate diagnostic, therapeutic, or other clinical procedures for specific clinical circumstances. Practice guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, organizations such as professional societies or governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. They can provide a foundation for assessing and evaluating the quality and effectiveness of health care in terms of measuring improved health, reduction of variation in services or procedures performed, and reduction of variation in outcomes of health care delivered.
  • Practice Guidelines [M0026425]
    Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
  • Pre-Post Tests [M0007978]
  • Prescriptions, Non-Drug [M0017560]
    Written directions for the preparation, administration, or application of a non-drug remedy. This includes prescriptions for corrective lenses, self-help and orthopedic devices, and physical therapy and rehabilitation measures.
  • Press Releases (PT) [M0025121]
  • prevention & control [M0030715]
    Used with disease headings for increasing human or animal resistance against disease (e.g., immunization), for control of transmission agents, for prevention and control of environmental hazards, or for prevention and control of social factors leading to disease. It includes preventive measures in individual cases.
  • Price Lists [Publication Type] [M0029012]
    Works consisting of lists giving the prices of items for sale, including drugs, equipment, books, etc. Price lists are less detailed than catalogs and not as long.
  • Privileged Communication [M0004998]
    In law, a confidential statement made to a lawyer, physician, pastor, or spouse, which is privileged against disclosure in court if the privilege is claimed by the client, patient, penitent, or spouse. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
  • Probability Theory [M0017600]
    The branch of mathematics dealing with the purely logical properties of probability. Its theorems underlie most statistical methods. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
  • Problems and Exercises [Publication Type] [M0030169]
    Works consisting of collections of practice questions and drills, generally for instructional or review use.
  • Professional Activity Study [M0004854]
  • Program Descriptions [M0421431]
  • Programmed Instruction [Publication Type] [M0030170]
    Works consisting of sequenced self-correction texts.
  • Programming Languages [M0017682]
    Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
  • Programs [Publication Type] [M0029026]
    Works consisting of lists of the events, pieces, performers, speakers, etc., of an entertainment, ceremony, or the like. (From: Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloging, 2d ed)
  • Progress Report [M0025478]
  • Promotional Items [M0009887]
  • Pronatalist Policy [M0025383]
  • Propaganda [M0017739]
    The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.
  • Proportional Hazards Models [M0024488]
    Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
  • Prospective Payment System [M0017795]
    A system wherein reimbursement rates are set, for a given period of time, prior to the circumstances giving rise to actual reimbursement claims.
  • Prospective Pricing [M0017796]
  • Prospectuses [Publication Type] [M0029013]
    Works consisting of advertisements separately printed and distributed by a publisher to describe and solicit orders for a recent or forthcoming publication. In the case of books, they may include sample pages. (From: ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Protein Interaction Maps [M0376541]
  • Protein Sequence Databases [M0388327]
  • Protein Structure Databases [M0390664]
  • Protocols, Nursing [M0015097]
  • Proverbs [M0001585]
  • Pseudonyms [M0001268]
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales [M0017984]
    Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
  • Psychiatric Wills [M0022980]
    Declarations in which currently competent MENTALLY ILL PERSONS assert in advance their desire to accept or reject psychiatric interventions that they may be deemed to require in the future. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
  • Psychoanalytic Theory [M0017992]
    Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.
  • Psychological Techniques [M0018004]
    Methods used in the diagnosis and treatment of behavioral, personality, and mental disorders.
  • Psychological Theory [M0018006]
    Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
  • Public Policy [M0018102]
    A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
  • Publication Components [Publication Type] [M0483568]
    Specific parts of publications.
  • Publication Formats [Publication Type] [M0483561]
    Specific genre of publication.
  • Publications [M0018109]
    Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
  • Published Erratum [Publication Type] [M0025114]
    Work consisting of an acknowledgment of an error, issued by a publisher, editor, or author. It customarily cites the source where the error occurred, giving complete bibliographic data for retrieval. In the case of books and monographs, author, title, imprint, paging, and other helpful references will be given; in the case of journal articles, the author, title, paging, and journal reference will be shown. An erratum notice is variously cited as Errata or Corrigenda.
  • PubMed [M0419590]
    A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
  • Quantum Theory [M0018322]
    The theory that the radiation and absorption of energy take place in definite quantities called quanta (E) which vary in size and are defined by the equation E=hv in which h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the radiation.
  • Questionnaires [M0018329]
    Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
  • Queuing Theory [M0020983]
  • radiation effects [M0030732]
    Used for effects of ionizing and nonionizing radiation upon living organisms, organs and tissues, and their constituents, and upon physiologic processes. It includes the effect of irradiation on drugs and chemicals.
  • Radiation Hybrid Maps [M0351525]
  • Radio [M0018395]
    The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
  • radioisotope therapy [M0030737]
  • Radiology Information Systems [M0018432]
    Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
  • radionuclide imaging [M0030734]
    Used for radionuclide imaging of any anatomical structure, or for the diagnosis of disease.
  • radiotherapy [M0030735]
    Used with disease headings for the therapeutic use of ionizing and nonionizing radiation. It includes the use of radioisotope therapy.
  • Randomized Controlled Trial [Publication Type] [M0025139]
    Work consisting of a clinical trial that involves at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
  • Randomized Controlled Trials [M0024511]
    Clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
  • Rare Books [M0018477]
  • Recipes [M0005144]
  • Recommended Daily Allowances [M0027980]
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances [M0027981]
  • Records [M0018644]
    The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
  • Reference Books [M0018670]
    Books designed by the arrangement and treatment of their subject matter to be consulted for definite terms of information rather than to be read consecutively. Reference books include DICTIONARIES; ENCYCLOPEDIAS; ATLASES; etc. (From the ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
  • Reference Books, Medical [M0018671]
    Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
  • Registers (Publication Type) [M0025125]
  • Registries [M0018724]
    The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
  • Reimbursement Mechanisms [M0018734]
    Processes or methods of reimbursement for services rendered or equipment.
  • Reimbursement, Incentive [M0018735]
    A scheme which provides reimbursement for the health services rendered, generally by an institution, and which provides added financial rewards if certain conditions are met. Such a scheme is intended to promote and reward increased efficiency and cost containment, with better care, or at least without adverse effect on the quality of the care rendered.
  • Relative Value Scales [M0024326]
    Coded listings of physician or other professional services using units that indicate the relative value of the various services they perform. They take into account time, skill, and overhead cost required for each service, but generally do not consider the relative cost-effectiveness. Appropriate conversion factors can be used to translate the abstract units of the relative value scales into dollar fees for each service based on work expended, practice costs, and training costs.
  • Reminder Systems [M0025848]
    Systems used to prompt or aid the memory. The systems can be computerized reminders, color coding, telephone calls, or devices such as letters and postcards.
  • Republished Article (PT) [M0025128]
  • Request for Proposal [M0004914]
  • Research Proposal [M0018848]
  • Resource Guides [Publication Type] [M0030179]
    Works listing and describing various sources of information, from multiple media or in different formats, on a given subject.
  • Resume, Job [M0011853]
  • Resuscitation Decisions [M0025097]
  • Resuscitation Orders [M0025098]
    Instructions issued by a physician pertaining to the institution, continuation, or withdrawal of life support measures. The concept includes policies, laws, statutes, decisions, guidelines, and discussions that may affect the issuance of such orders.
  • Resuscitation Policies [M0025099]
  • Retracted Publication [Publication Type] [M0025131]
    Work consisting of the designation of an article or book as retracted in whole or in part by an author or authors or an authorized representative. It identifies a citation previously published and now retracted through a formal issuance from the author, publisher, or other authorized agent, and is distinguished from RETRACTION OF PUBLICATION [PUBLICATION TYPE], which identifies the citation retracting the original published item.
  • Retraction of Publication [Publication Type] [M0025130]
    Work consisting of a statement issued by one or more authors of an article or a book, withdrawing or disavowing acknowledgment of their participation in performing research or writing the results of their study. In indexing, the retraction is sent to the editor of the publication in which the article appeared and is published under the rubric "retraction" or in the form of a letter. This publication type designates the author's statement of retraction: it should be differentiated from RETRACTED PUBLICATION [PUBLICATION TYPE] which labels the retracted publication.
  • Review Literature [M0018990]
    Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
  • Review Literature [Publication Type] [M0025140]
    Work consisting of published material which provides an examination of recent or current literature. Reviews can cover a wide range of subject matter of various levels of completeness or comprehensiveness based on analyses of publications on the subject. The presence of research findings or case reports does not preclude designation as a review.
  • Review of Reported Cases [Publication Type] [M0025135]
    Work consisting of complete literature reporting, to the best of the author's ability, of all known cases of a disease. The study is usually generated by the investigator's encounter with patients with a given disease and includes the investigator's own cases. The range of time will encompass historical cases and recent cases. The review usually cites the literature in which the known cases were published and may or may not include clinical and laboratory data.
  • Review [Publication Type] [M0025142]
    An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE [PUBLICATION TYPE] on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.
  • Review, Academic [Publication Type] [M0025132]
    Work consisting of a more or less comprehensive review of the literature on a specific subject, with usually an extensive critical analysis and synthesis of the literature.
  • Review, Multicase [Publication Type] [M0025133]
    Work consisting of a review of literature giving demographic, laboratory, and clinical data on a group of persons or animals ranging from most of the known cases of a rare condition in large populations on whom the results of research will lead to the establishing of epidemiological analyses or predictions of the occurrence and natural history of diseases.
  • Review, Systematic [Publication Type] [M0450570]
    Work in which the author outlines a systematic approach to the relevant literature as part of the review.
  • Review, Tutorial [Publication Type] [M0025134]
    Work consisting of a type of review, citing literature, that gives a general and reasonably thorough coverage of a subject. It often substitutes as a refresher course for practitioners to update their awareness or as a quick course for a student unfamiliar with the subject.
  • Rh-Hr Blood-Group System [M0018997]
    Erythrocyte isoantigens of the Rh (Rhesus) blood group system, the most complex of all human blood groups, because the genes differ by determining a different number of the over thirty antigens thus far described and do so with remarkably different quality. The major antigen Rh or D is the most common cause of erythroblastosis fetalis.
  • RNA Computation [M0418736]
  • RNA Databases [M0388465]
  • RNA Sequence Databases [M0388464]
  • Rorschach Test [M0019266]
    A projective test used to evaluate a broad range of personality variables including pathology of thought and perception. The subject's responses to inkblot prints are scored along with subjective interpretation by the test administrator.
  • Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study [M0019273]
  • Sampling Studies [M0019410]
    Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.
  • Schedules [M0001624]
  • Scientific Integrity Review [Publication Type] [M0025115]
    Work consisting of reports by the United States Office of Research Integrity, identifying questionable research published in articles or books. Notification of the questionable data is carried in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts.
  • Scriptural Interpretation [M0002456]
  • Sculpture [M0019568]
  • Second Opinion [M0018683]
  • Semantic Differential [M0019626]
    Analysis of word concepts by the association of polar adjectives, e.g., good-bad, with the concept, father. The adjectives are usually scaled in 7 steps. The subject's placement of the concept on the adjectival scale indicates the connotative meaning of the concept.
  • Serial Publications [M0019674]
    Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)
  • Sermons [Publication Type] [M0029011]
    Works consisting of discourses for the purpose of religious instruction or exhortation, especially one based on a text of Scripture and delivered by a member of the clergy, as part of a religious service. (From: Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Sex Manuals [M0019745]
    Books used for sex education and procedural instruction.
  • SNOMED CT [M0418170]
    Combined content of reference terminology and READ codes.
  • SNOMED RT [M0418171]
  • Social Policy [M0018103]
  • Software [M0020123]
    Sequential operating instructions for a particular problem or function to be run on a digital computer.
  • Software Tools [M0020125]
  • Source Books (PT) [M0030180]
  • Source Guides (PT) [M0030182]
  • Speech Recognition Software [M0463949]
    Software capable of recognizing dictation and transcribing the spoken words into written text.
  • standards [M0030789]
    Used with facilities, personnel, and program headings for the development, testing, and application of standards of adequacy or acceptable performance and with chemicals and drugs for standards of identification, quality, and potency. It includes health or safety standards in industries and occupations.
  • Stanford-Binet Test [M0020411]
    An individual intelligence test designed primarily for school children to predict school performance and the ability to adjust to everyday demands.
  • State-of-the-Art Review [M0018989]
  • Statistical Study [M0020457]
  • Statistics [Publication Type] [M0030171]
    Works consisting of presentations of numerical data on particular subjects.
  • Study Characteristics [Publication Type] [M0483572]
  • Subject Headings [M0020659]
    Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
  • Summary Report [M0018835]
  • Support of Research [M0484053]
    Organizational source for funding of research activity.
  • SWISS-PROT [M0392186]
  • Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine [M0418169]
    Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the College of American Pathologists.
  • Systems Theory [M0020984]
    Principles, models, and laws that apply to complex interrelationships and interdependencies of sets of linked components which form a functioning whole, a system. Any system may be composed of components which are systems in their own right (sub-systems), such as several organs within an individual organism.
  • Szondi Test [M0020986]
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets [M0024693]
    A classification of T-lymphocytes, especially into helper/inducer, suppressor/effector, and cytotoxic subsets, based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
  • Tables and Charts [M0020461]
  • Tables [Publication Type] [M0030172]
    Works consisting of the presentation of data in a tabular form.
  • Technical Report [Publication Type] [M0025116]
    Work consisting of a formal report giving details of the investigation and results of a medical or other scientific problem. When issued by a government agency or comparable official body, its contents may be classified, unclassified, or declassified with regard to security clearance. This publication type may also cover a scientific paper or article that records the current state or current position of scientific research and development. If so labeled by the editor or publisher, this publication type may be properly used for journal articles.
  • Technology Transfer [M0027852]
    Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
  • Terminology [M0014944]
    The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
  • Terminology [Publication Type] [M0030173]
    Work consisting of lists of the technical terms or expressions used in a specific field. These lists may or may not be formally adopted or sanctioned by usage.
  • Test Anxiety Scale [M0021187]
    A self-reporting test consisting of items concerning fear and worry about taking tests and physiological activity, such as heart rate, sweating, etc., before, during, and after tests.
  • Textbooks [M0021258]
    Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
  • Textbooks [Publication Type] [M0359795]
    Books intended for use in the study of specific subjects, containing systematic presentation of the principles and essential knowledge of the subjects.
  • Textbooks, Programmed [M0017680]
  • Thanatology [M0021270]
    The study of the theory, philosophy, and doctrine of death.
  • Theoretical Study [M0013978]
  • Thesaurus [M0028228]
  • Theses [M0006588]
  • Theses [Publication Type] [M0359797]
  • Time and Motion Studies [M0021540]
    The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.
  • Time Studies [M0021541]
  • Trail Making Test [M0021757]
    The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.
  • Transfer Agreement [M0021798]
    A written agreement for the transfer of patients and their medical records from one health care institution to another.
  • Translations [M0021828]
    Products resulting from the conversion of one language to another.
  • Trauma Severity Indices [M0023944]
    Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
  • Travel Documents [M0018646]
  • Twin Studies [M0027657]
    Methods of detecting genetic etiology in human traits. The basic premise of twin studies is that monozygotic twins, being formed by the division of a single fertilized ovum, carry identical genes, while dizygotic twins, being formed by the fertilization of two ova by two different spermatozoa, are genetically no more similar than two siblings born after separate pregnancies. (Last, J.M., A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
  • Twin Study [Publication Type] [M0027728]
    Work consisting of reporting using a method of detecting genetic causes in human traits and genetic factors in behavior using sets of twins.
  • Unedited Footage [Publication Type] [M0029003]
    Work consisting of untitled raw motion picture and video footage which has not been edited or assembled into a finished work. (From: Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms, 1988)
  • Unified Medical Language System [M0026446]
    A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
  • Union Lists [Publication Type] [M0030175]
    Works consisting of records of the holdings or items owned by two or more libraries.
  • United States Visible Human Project [M0028882]
    Digital image data sets, created by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies. The images were generated from carefully selected and prepared CADAVERS in three modes: computerized tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED), magnetic resonance (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING) and cryosection (CRYOSECTIONING).
  • Unpublished Documents [Publication Type] [M0359776]
  • Unpublished Works [Publication Type] [M0359775]
    Works that have not been formally published.
  • User-Computer Interface [M0022419]
    The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
  • Utility Theory [M0007016]
  • Validation Studies [Publication Type] [M0361810]
    Works consisting of research using processes by which the reliability and relevance of a procedure for a specific purpose are established.
  • Videotapes [M0022664]
  • virology [M0030948]
    Used with organs, animals, and higher plants and with diseases for virologic studies. For bacteria, rickettsia, and fungi, "microbiology" is used; for parasites, "parasitology" is used.
  • Virtual Systems [M0022420]
  • Visible Human Projects [M0493120]
    Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.
  • Visible Korean Human Project [M0493121]
  • Vocabulary [M0022823]
    The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
  • Vocabulary, Controlled [M0028230]
    A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
  • Waiting Lists [M0022862]
    Prospective patient listings for appointments.
  • Weber-Fechner Law [M0006361]
  • Wechsler Scales [M0022907]
    Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
  • Wills [M0022978]
    Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.
  • Withholding Resuscitation [M0025100]
  • Wittenborn Scales [M0017985]
  • X-Ray Information Systems [M0018433]
  • X-ray therapy [M0030736]