MeSH
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Lipid

MeSH ID: T119

Related Concepts:

  • 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine [M0023172]
    Synthetic phospholipid used in liposomes and lipid bilayers to study biological membranes. It is also a major constituent of PULMONARY SURFACTANTS.
  • 1-Alkyl-2-Acylphosphatidates [M0016680]
  • 1-Butanol [M0029707]
  • 1-Octanol [M0029709]
    A colorless, slightly viscous liquid used as a defoaming or wetting agent. It is also used as a solvent for protective coatings, waxes, and oils, and as a raw material for plasticizers. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
  • 3-Fucosyl-N-acetyl-lactosamine [M0024835]
  • 3-Fucosyllactosamine Determinant [M0024831]
  • Acetoin [M0000137]
    A product of fermentation. It is a component of the butanediol cycle in microorganisms. In mammals it is oxidized to carbon dioxide.
  • Acetyl Coenzyme A [M0000158]
    Acetyl CoA participates in the biosynthesis of fatty acids and sterols, in the oxidation of fatty acids and in the metabolism of many amino acids. It also acts as a biological acetylating agent.
  • Acidic Glycosphingolipids [M0030028]
    A subclass of GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS containing large polar heads made up of several sugar units. One or more of their terminal sugar units are bound to a negatively charged molecule at pH 7. Members of this class include: GANGLIOSIDES, uronoglycosphingolipids, SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS, phosphoglycosphingolipids, and phosphonoglycosphingolipids.
  • Acyl Coenzyme A [M0000332]
    S-Acyl coenzyme A. Fatty acid coenzyme A derivatives that are involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation.
  • Acylglycerol [M0009414]
  • Aliphatic Acids [M0008264]
  • Alkenyl Ether Phospholipids [M0016983]
  • alpha-1 Lipoprotein [M0012582]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid [M0027126]
    A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (E,E,E)-Isomer [M0329247]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (E,E,Z)-Isomer [M0329245]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (E,Z,E)-Isomer [M0329244]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (E,Z,Z)-Isomer [M0329242]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (Z,E,E)-Isomer [M0329243]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (Z,E,Z)-Isomer [M0329241]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, (Z,Z,E)-Isomer [M0329240]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Ammonium Salt [M0329253]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Calcium Salt [M0329246]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Lithium Salt [M0329193]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Magnesium Salt [M0329249]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Potassium Salt [M0329248]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Sodium Salt [M0329251]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Tin(2+) Salt [M0329252]
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid, Zinc Salt [M0329250]
  • alpha-Tocopherol [M0370590]
    A natural tocopherol and one of the most potent antioxidant tocopherols. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. It has four methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus. The natural d form of alpha-tocopherol is more active than its synthetic dl-alpha-tocopherol racemic mixture.
  • alpha2-Very-Low-Density Lipoproteins [M0012593]
  • Ambergris [M0027941]
    A gray substance found in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the SPERM WHALE.
  • Ammonium Phosphatidate [M0016639]
  • Amylcarbinols [M0000667]
  • Antigens, CD15 [M0024834]
    Carbohydrate antigen which is accumulated in various human cancer tissues and secreted into the blood stream. The carbohydrate moiety can be further modified with fucose or sialic acid. Monoclonal antibodies have been determined which can discriminate each subgroup of this antigen in the sera of cancer patients. Sialyl SSEA-1 antigen is particularly elevated in the sera of patients with a variety of tumors.
  • Antiphlogistine Rub A-535 Capsaicin [M0467305]
  • Apo-Gemfibrozil [M0482980]
  • Ausgem [M0482981]
  • Axsain [M0467306]
  • Bactroban [M0353342]
  • beta-Tocopherol [M0022800]
    A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than alpha-tocopherol. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.
  • beta-Very-Low-Density Lipoproteins [M0493077]
  • Bolutol [M0482982]
  • Brassidic Acids [M0007671]
  • BRL-4910A [M0353341]
  • Butanols [M0000665]
    Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).
  • Butter [M0003098]
    The fatty portion of milk, separated as a soft yellowish solid when milk or cream is churned. It is processed for cooking and table use. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Butyrate [M0003110]
  • Butyrates [M0003108]
    Salts and esters of butyric acid
  • Butyric Acid [M0029881]
    A four carbon acid, CH3CH2CH2COOH, with an unpleasant odor that occurs in butter and animal fat as the glycerol ester.
  • Butyric Acids [M0003111]
    4-carbon acids, salts, and derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID.
  • Calcium Palmitate [M0028751]
  • Calcium Valproate [M0022499]
  • Caproates [M0003305]
  • Capronic Acid [M0010313]
  • Caprylates [M0003307]
  • Capsaicin [M0003308]
    An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS.
  • Capsicum Farmaya [M0467307]
  • Capsidol [M0467308]
  • Capsin [M0467347]
  • Capzasin [M0467348]
  • Cardiolipins [M0003459]
    Acidic phospholipids composed of two molecules of phosphatidic acid covalently linked to a molecule of glycerol. They occur primarily in mitochondrial inner membranes and in bacterial plasma membranes. They are the main antigenic components of the Wassermann-type antigen that is used in nontreponemal SYPHILIS SERODIAGNOSIS.
  • Castor Oil [M0003604]
    Oil obtained from seeds of Ricinus communis that is used as a cathartic and as a plasticizer.
  • Ceramides [M0003838]
    Members of the class of neutral glycosphingolipids. They are the basic units of SPHINGOLIPIDS. They are sphingoids attached via their amino groups to a long chain fatty acyl group. They abnormally accumulate in FABRY DISEASE.
  • Ceroid [M0003920]
    A naturally occurring lipid pigment with histochemical characteristics similar to lipofuscin. It accumulates in various tissues in certain experimental and pathological conditions.
  • Chem mart Gemfibrozil [M0482983]
  • Chloretone [M0350666]
  • Chlorobutanol [M0004163]
    A colorless to white crystalline compound with a camphoraceous odor and taste. It is a widely used preservative in various pharmaceutical solutions, especially injectables. Also, it is an active ingredient in certain oral sedatives and topical anesthetics.
  • Chylomicron Remnants [M0365537]
    Metabolic products of chylomicron particles in which TRIGLYCERIDES have been selectively removed by the LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE. These remnants carry dietary lipids in the blood and are cholesterol-rich. Their interactions with MACROPHAGES; ENDOTHELIAL CELLS; and SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS in the artery wall can lead to ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
  • Chylomicrons [M0004455]
    A class of lipoproteins that carry dietary CHOLESTEROL and TRIGLYCERIDES from the SMALL INTESTINE to the tissues. Their density (0.93-1.006 g/ml) is the same as that of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS.
  • CI-719 [M0333445]
  • Cilastatin [M0023687]
    A renal dehydropeptidase-I and leukotriene D4 dipeptidase inhibitor. Since the antibiotic, IMIPENEM, is hydrolyzed by dehydropeptidase-I, which resides in the brush border of the renal tubule, cilastatin is administered with imipenem to increase its effectiveness. The drug also inhibits the metabolism of leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4.
  • Cilastatin Sodium [M0023688]
  • Cod Liver Oil [M0004699]
    Oil obtained from fresh livers of the cod family, Gadidae. It is a source of vitamins A and D.
  • Convulsofin [M0351581]
  • Cord Factors [M0005165]
    Toxic glycolipids composed of trehalose dimycolate derivatives. They are produced by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and other species of MYCOBACTERIUM. They induce cellular dysfunction in animals.
  • Corn Oil [M0005174]
    Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
  • Cottonseed Oil [M0005252]
    Oil obtained from the seeds of Gossypium herbaceum L., the cotton plant. It is used in dietary products such as oleomargarine and many cooking oils. Cottonseed oil is commonly used in soaps and cosmetics.
  • Croton Oil [M0005359]
    Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
  • Crotonates [M0005360]
    Salts and esters of crotonic acid.
  • Crotonic Acids [M0005361]
    4-Carbon monounsaturated monocarboxylic acids with the unsaturation in the 2 position.
  • Cytidine Diphosphate Diglycerides [M0005572]
    The ester of diacylglycerol with the terminal phosphate of cytidine diphosphate. It serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine in bacteria.
  • Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid [M0005576]
    A nucleoside monophosphate sugar which donates N-acetylneuraminic acid to the terminal sugar of a ganglioside or glycoprotein.
  • Cytolipins [M0009292]
  • DBL Gemfibrozil [M0482984]
  • Decanoates [M0005714]
    Salts and esters of the 10-carbon monocarboxylic acid-decanoic acid.
  • Decanoic Acids [M0005715]
    10-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
  • Decrelip [M0482985]
  • Depakene [M0351580]
  • Depakote [M0351577]
  • Diacylglycerophosphates [M0016642]
  • Dietary Fats [M0006335]
    Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated [M0006337]
    Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
  • Dietary Oils [M0006338]
  • Diglycerides [M0006384]
  • Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine [M0006471]
    A synthetic phospholipid used in liposomes and lipid bilayers for the study of biological membranes.
  • Diphosphatidylglycerols [M0003460]
  • Dipropyl Acetate [M0022503]
  • Divalproex Sodium [M0329594]
  • Docosahexaenoate [M0006700]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid (All-Z Isomer) [M0330388]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid Dimer (All-Z Isomer) [M0330497]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 3,6,9,12,15,18-Isomer [M0330392]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-(All-Z-Isomer) [M0330389]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-(All-Z-Isomer), Cerium Salt [M0330500]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-(All-Z-Isomer), Cesium Salt [M0330499]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-(All-Z-Isomer), Potassium Salt [M0330496]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-(Z,Z,Z,Z,Z,E-Isomer) [M0330501]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-Isomer [M0330435]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, 4,7,10,13,16,19-Isomer, Sodium Salt [M0330390]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid, Sodium Salt [M0330393]
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids [M0006701]
    C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.
  • Dodecanol [M0012265]
    A saturated 12-carbon fatty alcohol obtained from coconut oil fatty acids. It has a floral odor and is used in detergents, lubricating oils, and pharmaceuticals. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
  • Dolichol [M0006707]
    Eicosamethyl octacontanonadecasen-1-o1. Polyprenol found in animal tissues that contains about 20 isoprene residues, the one carrying the alcohol group being saturated.
  • Dolichol Monophosphate Mannose [M0006708]
    A lipophilic glycosyl carrier of the monosaccharide mannose in the biosynthesis of oligosaccharide phospholipids and glycoproteins.
  • Dolichol Monophosphates [M0006709]
  • Dolichol Phosphates [M0006710]
    Phosphoric acid esters of dolichol.
  • Drakeol [M0013896]
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid [M0023259]
    Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits arachidonic acid conversion into the thromboxane-2 and prostaglandin-2 families.
  • Enzactin [M0373254]
  • Ergenyl [M0351579]
  • Erucic Acids [M0007672]
    cis-13-Docosenoic Acids. 22-Carbon monounsaturated, monocarboxylic acids.
  • Ethiodized Oil [M0007866]
    Ethyl ester of iodinated fatty acid of poppyseed oil. It contains 37% organically bound iodine and has been used as a diagnostic aid (radiopaque medium) and as an antineoplastic agent when part of the iodine is 131-I. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
  • Ethiodized Poppy Seed Oil [M0330362]
  • Ethiodol [M0372412]
  • Farnesol [M0008233]
    A colorless liquid extracted from oils of plants such as citronella, neroli, cyclamen, and tuberose. It is an intermediate step in the biological synthesis of cholesterol from mevalonic acid in vertebrates. It has a delicate odor and is used in perfumery. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
  • Fat Emulsions, Intravenous [M0008250]
    Emulsions of fats or lipids used primarily in parenteral feeding.
  • Fats [M0008257]
    The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
  • Fats, Unsaturated [M0008258]
    Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.
  • Fatty Acids [M0008265]
    Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
  • Fatty Acids, Essential [M0008268]
    Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.
  • Fatty Acids, Esterified [M0008266]
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated [M0008269]
    Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified [M0008270]
    FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 [M0023885]
    A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-6 [M0197024]
    FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.
  • Fatty Acids, Saturated [M0008267]
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated [M0008271]
    FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
  • Fatty Acids, Volatile [M0008273]
    Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
  • Fatty Alcohols [M0008274]
    Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
  • Fish Liver Oils [M0008517]
  • Fish Oils [M0008518]
    Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the livers. Those from the liver are usually high in vitamin A. The oils are used as dietary supplements, in soaps and detergents, as protective coatings, and as a base for other food products such as vegetable shortenings.
  • Fucosyl SSEA-1 [M0024832]
  • G(M1) Ganglioside [M0008923]
    A specific monosialoganglioside that accumulates abnormally within the nervous system due to a deficiency of GM1-b-galactosidase, resulting in GM1 gangliosidosis.
  • G(M2) Ganglioside [M0008925]
    A glycosphingolipid that accumulates due to a deficiency of hexosaminidase A or B (BETA-N-ACETYLHEXOSAMINIDASE), or GM2 activator protein, resulting in GANGLIOSIDOSES, heredity metabolic disorders that include TAY-SACHS DISEASE and SANDHOFF DISEASE.
  • G(M3) Ganglioside [M0008926]
    A ganglioside present in abnormally large amounts in the brain and liver due to a deficient biosynthetic enzyme, G(M3):UDP-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. Deficiency of this enzyme prevents the formation of G(M2) ganglioside from G(M3) ganglioside and is the cause of an anabolic sphingolipidosis.
  • Galactosylceramides [M0008947]
    Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a galactose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-galactosidase, is the cause of galactosylceramide lipidosis or globoid cell leukodystrophy.
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid [M0027133]
    An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Ammonium Salt [M0329141]
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Cerium Salt [M0329145]
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Indium Salt [M0329143]
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Lithium Salt [M0329142]
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Potassium Salt [M0329140]
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Sodium Salt [M0329148]
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid, Zinc Salt [M0329147]
  • gamma-Tocopherol [M0022801]
    A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in BETA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.
  • Gangliosides [M0008987]
    A subclass of ACIDIC GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS. They contain one or more sialic acid (N-ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID) residues. Using the Svennerholm system of abbrevations, gangliosides are designated G for ganglioside, plus subscript M, D, or T for mono-, di-, or trisialo, respectively, the subscript letter being followed by a subscript arabic numeral to indicated sequence of migration in thin-layer chromatograms. (From Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1997)
  • Gefarnate [M0009050]
    A water insoluble terpene fatty acid used in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers; it facilitates the healing and function of mucosal tissue.
  • Gefarnil [M0351547]
  • Gelcen [M0467349]
  • Gemfi 1A Pharma [M0482986]
  • Gemfibrozil [M0023484]
    A lipid-regulating agent that lowers elevated serum lipids primarily by decreasing serum triglycerides with a variable reduction in total cholesterol. These decreases occur primarily in the VLDL fraction and less frequently in the LDL fraction. Gemfibrozil increases HDL subfractions HDL2 and HDL3 as well as apolipoproteins A-I and A-II. Its mechanism of action has not been definitely established.
  • Gemfibrozilo Bayvit [M0482987]
  • Gemfibrozilo Bexal [M0482988]
  • Gemfibrozilo Ur [M0482989]
  • Gemhexal [M0482990]
  • Gen-Gemfibrozil [M0482991]
  • GenRX Gemfibrozil [M0482992]
  • Gepharnate [M0351546]
  • Ghee [M0006336]
  • Globosides [M0009291]
    Glycosphingolipids containing N-acetylglucosamine (paragloboside) or N-acetylgalactosamine (globoside). Globoside is the P antigen on erythrocytes and paragloboside is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of erythrocyte blood group ABH and P 1 glycosphingolipid antigens. The accumulation of globoside in tissue, due to a defect in hexosaminidases A and B, is the cause of Sandhoff disease.
  • Glucosylceramides [M0009361]
    Cerebrosides which contain as their polar head group a glucose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramides. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in beta-glucosidase, is the cause of Gaucher's disease.
  • Glycerides [M0009415]
    GLYCEROL esterified with FATTY ACIDS.
  • Glycerophospholipids [M0030054]
    Derivatives of phosphatidic acid in which the hydrophobic regions are composed of two fatty acids and a polar alcohol is joined to the C-3 position of glycerol through a phosphodiester bond. They are named according to their polar head groups, such as phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine.
  • Glycerylphosphorylcholine [M0009450]
    A component of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES (lecithins), in which the two hydroxy groups of GLYCEROL are esterified with fatty acids. (From Stedman, 26th ed) It counteracts the effects of urea on enzymes and other macromolecules.
  • Glycolipids [M0009478]
    Any compound containing one or more monosaccharide residues bound by a glycosidic linkage to a hydrophobic moiety such as an acylglycerol (see GLYCERIDES), a sphingoid, a ceramide (CERAMIDES) (N-acylsphingoid) or a prenyl phosphate. (From IUPAC's webpage)
  • Glycosphingolipids [M0009501]
    Lipids containing at least one monosaccharide residue and either a sphingoid or a ceramide (CERAMIDES). They are subdivided into NEUTRAL GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS comprising monoglycosyl- and oligoglycosylsphingoids and monoglycosyl- and oligoglycosylceramides; and ACIDIC GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS which comprises sialosylglycosylsphingolipids (GANGLIOSIDES); SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS (formerly known as sulfatides), glycuronoglycosphingolipids, and phospho- and phosphonoglycosphingolipids. (From IUPAC's webpage)
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositol Anchors [M0026199]
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositol Linkage [M0026200]
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositols [M0026197]
    Compounds containing carbohydrate or glycosyl groups linked to phosphatidylinositols. They act to anchor proteins or polysaccharides to cell membranes.
  • GM1a Monosialoganglioside [M0008924]
  • Healthsense Gemfibrozil [M0482993]
  • Heptanoates [M0010245]
    Salts and esters of the 7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid heptanoic acid.
  • Heptanoic Acids [M0010246]
    7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
  • Heptanol [M0029460]
    A colorless liquid with a fragrant odor. It is used as an intermediate, solvent and in cosmetics.
  • Hexanoic Acids [M0010314]
  • Hexanols [M0000666]
    Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).
  • High-Density Lipoprotein, Pre-beta1 [M0209807]
  • High-Density Lipoproteins, Pre-beta [M0209809]
    A highly dense subclass of the high-density lipoproteins, with particle sizes below 7 nm. They are also known as nascent HDL, composed of a few APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I molecules which are complexed with PHOSPHOLIPIDS. The lipid-poor pre-beta-HDL particles serve as progenitors of HDL3 and then HDL2 after absorption of free cholesterol from cell membranes, cholesterol esterification, and acquisition of apolipoproteins A-II, Cs, and E. Pre-beta-HDL initiate the reverse cholesterol transport process from cells to liver.
  • Homo-gamma Linolenic Acid [M0023270]
  • Intralipid [M0372963]
  • Iodized Oil [M0011649]
    The mixture contains 38-42% organically combined iodine that is used as a diagnostic aid (radiopaque medium). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
  • Ionomycin [M0024145]
    A divalent calcium ionophore that is widely used as a tool to investigate the role of intracellular calcium in cellular processes.
  • Irium [M0350673]
  • Jezil [M0482994]
  • Katrum [M0467350]
  • Lactosylceramides [M0012184]
    Glycosphingolipids which contain as their polar head group a lactose moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in lactosylceramide beta-galactosidase, is the cause of lactosylceramidosis.
  • Lanolin [M0012212]
    A yellow fat obtained from sheep's wool. It is used as an emollient, cosmetic, and pharmaceutic aid.
  • Laurates [M0012262]
    Salts and esters of the 12-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid--lauric acid.
  • Lauric Acids [M0012264]
    12-Carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
  • LDL-1 [M0012588]
    Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.019 and 1.045 g/ml.
  • LDL-2 [M0012589]
    Low-density lipoprotein particles with density between 1.045 and 1.063 g/ml.
  • Linoelaidic Acid, (E,Z)-Isomer [M0329089]
  • Linoleate [M0029359]
  • Linoleic Acid [M0029355]
    A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
  • Linoleic Acid, (Z,E)-Isomer [M0329088]
  • Linoleic Acid, (Z,Z)-Isomer [M0329094]
  • Linoleic Acid, (Z,Z)-Isomer, 14C-Labeled [M0329090]
  • Linoleic Acid, Ammonium Salt, (Z,Z)-Isomer [M0329095]
  • Linoleic Acid, Calcium Salt, (Z,Z)-Isomer [M0329087]
  • Linoleic Acid, Potassium Salt, (Z,Z)-Isomer [M0329091]
  • Linoleic Acid, Sodium Salt, (E,E)-Isomer [M0329093]
  • Linoleic Acid, Sodium Salt, (Z,Z)-Isomer [M0329096]
  • Linoleic Acids [M0012531]
    Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.
  • Linoleic Acids, Conjugated [M0444636]
    A collective term for a group of around nine geometric and positional isomers of LINOLEIC ACID in which the trans/cis double bonds are conjugated, where double bonds alternate with single bonds.
  • Linolelaidic Acid [M0329092]
  • Linolenate [M0027127]
  • Linolenic Acid [M0027128]
  • Linolenic Acids [M0012532]
    Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain three double bonds.
  • Linseed Oil [M0012533]
    The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Lipazil [M0482995]
  • Lipid A [M0012547]
    Lipid A is the biologically active component of lipopolysaccharides. It shows strong endotoxic activity and exhibits immunogenic properties.
  • Lipid Bilayers [M0012548]
    Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.
  • Lipid Peroxides [M0012551]
    Peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen. The formation of lipid peroxides results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes. They therefore cause a variety of toxic effects in vivo and their formation is considered a pathological process in biological systems. Their formation can be inhibited by antioxidants, such as vitamin E, structural separation or low oxygen tension.
  • Lipids [M0012553]
    A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
  • Lipiodol [M0330177]
  • Lipiodol UltraFluid [M0369425]
  • Lipofuscin [M0012564]
    A naturally occurring lipid pigment with histochemical characteristics similar to ceroid. It accumulates in various normal tissues and apparently increases in quantity with age.
  • Lipomul [M0005175]
  • Lipopolysaccharides [M0012577]
    Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Lipoproteins [M0012581]
    Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes. The large lipoproteins (CHYLOMICRONS; VLDL) are to transport triglycerides, and the small lipoproteins (LDL; HDL) are to transport cholesterol.
  • Lipoproteins, HDL [M0012584]
    A class of lipoproteins of small size (4-13 nm) and dense (greater than 1.063 g/ml) particles. HDL lipoproteins, synthesized in the liver without a lipid core, accumulate cholesterol esters from peripheral tissues and transport them to the liver for re-utilization or elimination from the body (the reverse cholesterol transport). Their major protein component is APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I. HDL also shuttle APOLIPOPROTEINS C and APOLIPOPROTEINS E to and from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins during their catabolism. HDL plasma level has been inversely correlated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Lipoproteins, HDL2 [M0083309]
    Low-density subclass of the high-density lipoproteins, with particle sizes between 8 to 13 nm.
  • Lipoproteins, HDL3 [M0012583]
    Intermediate-density subclass of the high-density lipoproteins, with particle sizes between 7 to 8 nm. As the larger lighter HDL2 lipoprotein, HDL3 lipoprotein is lipid-rich.
  • Lipoproteins, IDL [M0012594]
    A mixture of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), particularly the triglyceride-poor VLDL, with slow diffuse electrophoretic mobilities in the beta and alpha2 regions which are similar to that of beta-lipoproteins (LDL) or alpha-lipoproteins (HDL). They can be intermediate (remnant) lipoproteins in the de-lipidation process, or remnants of mutant CHYLOMICRONS and VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS which cannot be metabolized completely as seen in FAMILIAL DYSBETALIPOPROTEINEMIA.
  • Lipoproteins, LDL [M0012590]
    A class of lipoproteins of small size (18-25 nm) and light (1.019-1.063 g/ml) particles with a core composed mainly of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and smaller amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES. The surface monolayer consists mostly of PHOSPHOLIPIDS, a single copy of APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100, and free cholesterol molecules. The main LDL function is to transport cholesterol and cholesterol esters to extrahepatic tissues.
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL [M0012596]
    A class of lipoproteins of very light (0.93-1.006 g/ml) large size (30-80 nm) particles with a core composed mainly of TRIGLYCERIDES and a surface monolayer of PHOSPHOLIPIDS and CHOLESTEROL into which are imbedded the apolipoproteins B, E, and C. VLDL facilitates the transport of endogenously made triglycerides to extrahepatic tissues. As triglycerides and Apo C are removed, VLDL is converted to INTERMEDIATE-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS, then to LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS from which cholesterol is delivered to the extrahepatic tissues.
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL1 [M0492982]
    Low density large VLDL particles (60-100 nm).
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL2 [M0012595]
    Intermediate density and size VLDL particles (40-60 nm).
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL3 [M0492983]
    High density small VLDL particles (30-40 nm).
  • Liposomes [M0012600]
    Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
  • Lipox Gemfi [M0482996]
  • Lipoxins [M0444263]
    Trihydroxy derivatives of eicosanoic acids. They are primarily derived from arachidonic acid, however eicosapentaenoic acid derivatives also exist. Many of them are naturally occurring mediators of immune regulation.
  • Litarek [M0482997]
  • Lopid [M0023485]
  • Lysophosphatidylcholines [M0012842]
    Derivatives of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES obtained by their partial hydrolysis which removes one of the fatty acid moieties.
  • Lysophospholipids [M0012848]
    Derivatives of PHOSPHATIDIC ACIDS that lack one of its fatty acyl chains due to its hydrolytic removal.
  • Lysosphingolipids [M0465707]
  • Magnesium Valproate [M0022505]
  • Malonyl Coenzyme A [M0012951]
    A coenzyme A derivative which plays a key role in the fatty acid synthesis in the cytoplasmic and microsomal systems.
  • Margarine [M0013030]
    A butterlike product made of refined vegetable oils, sometimes blended with animal fats, and emulsified usually with water or milk. It is used as a butter substitute. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Membrane Lipids [M0013338]
    Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.
  • Mineral Oil [M0013895]
    A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
  • MK 0791 [M0351542]
  • Monoglycerides [M0009416]
    GLYCEROL esterified with a single acyl (FATTY ACIDS) chain.
  • Monophosphatidylglycerols [M0016645]
  • Mupirocin [M0025454]
    A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.
  • Mupirocin, 14C-Labeled [M0329414]
  • Mupirocin, Calcium Salt (2:1) [M0329410]
  • Mupirocin, Calcium Salt (2:1), Dihydrate [M0329411]
  • Mupirocin, Lithium Salt [M0329413]
  • Mupirocin, Sodium Salt [M0329412]
  • Mycodermine [M0022253]
  • Mycolic Acid [M0014301]
  • Mycolic Acids [M0014302]
  • Mycophenolic Acid [M0014304]
    An antibiotic substance derived from Penicillium stoloniferum, and related species. It blocks de novo biosynthesis of purine nucleotides by inhibition of the enzyme inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase. Mycophenolic acid is important because of its selective effects on the immune system. It prevents the proliferation of T-cells, lymphocytes, and the formation of antibodies from B-cells. It also may inhibit recruitment of leukocytes to inflammatory sites. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1301)
  • Myristate [M0029412]
  • Myristates [M0014375]
    Salts and esters of the 14-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid--myristic acid.
  • Myristic Acid [M0029411]
    A saturated 14-carbon fatty acid occurring in most animal and vegetable fats, particularly butterfat and coconut, palm, and nutmeg oils. It is used to synthesize flavor and as an ingredient in soaps and cosmetics. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Myristic Acids [M0014376]
    14-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
  • n-Butyrate [M0003109]
  • Neutral Glycosphingolipids [M0030027]
    A subclass of GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS containing one or more sugars within their head group connected directly to a ceramide moiety. They consist of monoglycosyl-, and oligoglycosylsphingoids and monoglycosyl- and oligoglycosylceramides.
  • Niosomes [M0487830]
    Non-ionic surfactant vesicles made from alkyl or dialkyl polyglycerol ethers.
  • Novo-Gemfibrozil [M0482998]
  • Nu-Gemfibrozil [M0483084]
  • Octadecenoic Acids [M0015249]
  • Octanoic Acids [M0015210]
  • Octanols [M0000668]
    Isomeric forms and derivatives of octanol (C8H17OH).
  • Oils [M0015239]
    Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Oils, Unsaturated [M0008259]
  • Oils, Volatile [M0015240]
    Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
  • Oleate [M0028735]
  • Oleic Acid [M0028734]
    An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
  • Oleic Acids [M0015250]
    A group of fatty acids that contain 18 carbon atoms and a double bond at the omega 9 carbon.
  • Palmitates [M0015777]
    Salts and esters of the 16-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid--palmitic acid.
  • Palmitic Acid [M0028750]
    A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.
  • Palmitic Acids [M0015778]
    A group of 16-carbon fatty acids that contain no double bonds.
  • Palmitoyl Coenzyme A [M0015782]
    A fatty acid coenzyme derivative which plays a key role in fatty acid oxidation and biosynthesis.
  • Paraffin [M0015864]
    A mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It has a wide range of uses including as a stiffening agent in ointments, as a lubricant, and as a topical anti-inflammatory. It is also commonly used as an embedding material in histology.
  • Parafilm [M0015865]
  • Pentanoic Acids [M0016175]
  • Pentanols [M0000664]
    Isomeric forms and derivatives of pentanol (C5H11OH).
  • Phosphatidal Compounds [M0016984]
  • Phosphatidic Acid [M0016640]
  • Phosphatidic Acids [M0016641]
    Fatty acid derivatives of glycerophosphates. They are composed of glycerol bound in ester linkage with 1 mole of phosphoric acid at the terminal 3-hydroxyl group and with 2 moles of fatty acids at the other two hydroxyl groups.
  • Phosphatidyl Glycerol [M0016646]
  • Phosphatidylcholines [M0016643]
    Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.
  • Phosphatidylethanolamines [M0016644]
    Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to an ethanolamine moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and ethanolamine and 2 moles of fatty acids.
  • Phosphatidylglycerols [M0016647]
    A nitrogen-free class of lipids present in animal and particularly plant tissues and composed of one mole of glycerol and 1 or 2 moles of phosphatidic acid. Members of this group differ from one another in the nature of the fatty acids released on hydrolysis.
  • Phosphatidylinositol Glycan [M0026198]
  • Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates [M0027334]
    Phosphatidylinositols in which one or more alcohol group of the inositol has been substituted with a phosphate group.
  • Phosphatidylinositols [M0016648]
    Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to the hexahydroxy alcohol, myo-inositol. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid, myo-inositol, and 2 moles of fatty acids.
  • Phosphatidylserines [M0016650]
    Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a serine moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and serine and 2 moles of fatty acids.
  • Phospholipid Ethers [M0016681]
    Phospholipids which have an alcohol moiety in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol. They are usually derivatives of phosphoglycerols or phosphatidates. The other two alcohol groups of the glycerol backbone are usually in ester linkage. These compounds are widely distributed in animal tissues.
  • Phospholipids [M0016682]
    Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
  • Pilder [M0483085]
  • Plant Oils [M0016959]
    Oils derived from plants or plant products.
  • Plasmalogens [M0016985]
    GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS in which one of the two acyl chains is attached to glycerol with an ether alkenyl linkage instead of an ester as with the other glycerophospholipids.
  • Platelet Activating Factor [M0017009]
    A phospholipid derivative formed by PLATELETS; BASOPHILS; NEUTROPHILS; MONOCYTES; and MACROPHAGES. It is a potent platelet aggregating agent and inducer of systemic anaphylactic symptoms, including HYPOTENSION; THROMBOCYTOPENIA; NEUTROPENIA; and BRONCHOCONSTRICTION.
  • Platelet Factor 3 [M0017018]
    A phospholipid from the platelet membrane that contributes to the blood clotting cascade by forming a phospholipid-protein complex (THROMBOPLASTIN) which serves as a cofactor with FACTOR VIIA to activate FACTOR X in the extrinsic pathway of BLOOD COAGULATION.
  • PMS-Gemfibrozil [M0483086]
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Monosaccharides [M0017199]
    These compounds function as activated monosaccharide carriers in the biosynthesis of glycoproteins and oligosaccharide phospholipids. Obtained from a nucleoside diphosphate sugar and a polyisoprenyl phosphate.
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Oligosaccharides [M0017200]
    These compounds function as activated glycosyl carriers in the biosynthesis of glycoproteins and glycophospholipids. Include the pyrophosphates.
  • Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids [M0008272]
  • Potassium Sorbate [M0020166]
  • Prostanoic Acids [M0017822]
    2-Octylcyclopentaneheptanoic acids. The family of saturated carbon-20 cyclic fatty acids that represent the parent compounds of the prostaglandins.
  • Proteolipids [M0017898]
    Protein-lipid combinations abundant in brain tissue, but also present in a wide variety of animal and plant tissues. In contrast to lipoproteins, they are insoluble in water, but soluble in a chloroform-methanol mixture. The protein moiety has a high content of hydrophobic amino acids. The associated lipids consist of a mixture of GLYCEROPHOSPHATES; CEREBROSIDES; and SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS; while lipoproteins contain PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and TRIGLYCERIDES.
  • Ricinoleic Acids [M0019093]
  • Safflower Oil [M0019344]
    An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • SBPA Gemfibrozil [M0483087]
  • Scleromate [M0475560]
  • Sesame Oil [M0019701]
    The refined fixed oil obtained from the seed of one or more cultivated varieties of Sesamum indicum. It is used as a solvent and oleaginous vehicle for drugs and has been used internally as a laxative and externally as a skin softener. It is used also in the manufacture of margarine, soap, and cosmetics. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Sialyl SSEA-1 [M0024833]
  • Soap Solution [M0019993]
  • Soaps [M0019994]
    Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
  • Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate [M0020097]
    An anionic surfactant, usually a mixture of sodium alkyl sulfates, mainly the lauryl; lowers surface tension of aqueous solutions; used as fat emulsifier, wetting agent, detergent in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and toothpastes; also as research tool in protein biochemistry.
  • Sodium Morrhuate [M0020112]
    The sodium salts of the fatty acids in cod liver oil; an irritant and sclerosing agent used to treat varicose veins and arthritic joints.
  • Sodium Palmitate [M0028752]
  • Sodium Sorbate [M0020167]
  • Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate [M0020118]
    An anionic surface-active agent used for its wetting properties in industry and used in medicine as an irritant and sclerosing agent for hemorrhoids and varicose veins.
  • Sodium Valproate [M0022500]
  • Sorbic Acid [M0020168]
    Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.
  • Sotradecol Sodium [M0350676]
  • Sphingolipids [M0020299]
    A class of membrane lipids that have a polar head and two nonpolar tails. They are composed of one molecule of the long-chain amino alcohol sphingosine (4-sphingenine) or one of its derivatives, one molecule of a long-chain acid, a polar head alcohol and sometimes phosphoric acid in diester linkage at the polar head group. (Lehninger et al, Principles of Biochemistry, 2nd ed)
  • Sphingomyelins [M0020301]
    A class of sphingolipids found largely in the brain and other nervous tissue. They contain phosphocholine or phosphoethanolamine as their polar head group so therefore are the only sphingolipids classified as PHOSPHOLIPIDS.
  • SQ-23377 [M0351548]
  • Squalene [M0020400]
  • Stearates [M0020466]
    Salts and esters of the 18-carbon saturated, monocarboxylic acid--stearic acid.
  • Stearic Acids [M0020467]
    A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
  • Sulfoglycosphingolipids [M0020763]
    GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS with a sulfate group esterified to one of the sugar groups.
  • Tea Tree Oil [M0328581]
    Essential oil extracted from Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree). It is used as a topical antimicrobial due to the presence of terpineol.
  • Tergitol 4 [M0350675]
  • Terry White Chemists Gemfibrozil [M0483088]
  • tert-Butyl Alcohol [M0029708]
  • Tocopherols [M0022803]
    A collective name for a group of closely related lipids that contain substitutions on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus and a long hydrocarbon chain of isoprenoid units. They are antioxidants by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen. Tocopherols react with the most reactive form of oxygen and protect unsaturated fatty acids from oxidation.
  • Tocotrienols [M0370452]
    Natural analogs of TOCOPHEROLS exhibiting antioxidant activity. These tocol derivatives and isomers contain a benzopyran ring and an unsaturated isoprenoid side chain.
  • Trans Fatty Acids [M0444635]
    UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS that contain at least one double bond in the trans configuration, which results in a greater bond angle than the cis configuration. This results in a more extended fatty acid chain similar to SATURATED FATTY ACIDS, with closer packing and reduced fluidity. HYDROGENATION of unsaturated fatty acids increases the trans content.
  • Transferosomes [M0492178]
    Liposomes prepared to be much more deformable and so more capable of SKIN penetration.
  • Trehalose-6,6'-Dimycolate [M0005167]
  • Triacetin [M0021888]
    A triglyceride that is used as an antifungal agent.
  • Trialmin [M0483089]
  • Triglycerides [M0021969]
  • Trihexosylceramides [M0021970]
    Glycosphingolipids which contain as their polar head group a trisaccharide (galactose-galactose-glucose) moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide. Their accumulation in tissue, due to a defect in ceramide trihexosidase, is the cause of angiokeratoma corporis diffusum (FABRY DISEASE).
  • Triolein [M0022006]
    (Z)-9-Octadecenoic acid 1,2,3-propanetriyl ester.
  • Trombavar [M0350674]
  • Ulco [M0351545]
  • Undecylenic Acid [M0022254]
  • Undecylenic Acids [M0022255]
    Salts and derivatives of undecylenic acid.
  • Unilamellar Liposomes [M0496781]
    Single membrane vesicles, generally made of PHOSPHOLIPIDS.
  • Unilamellar Vesicles [M0496782]
  • Valerates [M0022494]
  • Valproate [M0022502]
  • Valproic Acid [M0022501]
    A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels.
  • Varicoccid [M0352579]
  • Vaseline Oil [M0013897]
  • Virosomes [M0358923]
    Semi-synthetic complex derived from nucleic-acid free viral particles. They are essentially reconstituted viral coats, where the infectious nucleocapsid is replaced by a compound of choice. Virosomes retain their fusogenic activity and thus deliver the incorporated compound (antigens, drugs, genes) inside the target cell. They can be used for vaccines (VACCINES, VIROSOME), drug delivery, or gene transfer.
  • Vitamin E [M0022802]
    A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.
  • Vitamin K [M0022806]
    A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (VITAMIN K 1) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
  • Vitamin K 1 [M0016826]
    A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.
  • Vitamin K 2 [M0022807]
    A group of substances similar to VITAMIN K 1 which contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinione and an isoprenoid side chain of varying number of isoprene units. In vitamin K 2, each isoprene unit contains a double bond. They are produced by bacteria including the normal intestinal flora.
  • Vupral [M0351578]
  • Waxes [M0022903]
    A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)
  • Zostrix [M0467309]