Occupation or Discipline

MeSH ID: T090

Related Concepts:

  • Accounting [M0000094]
    System of recording financial transactions.
  • Agricultural Development [M0000583]
  • Agriculture [M0000584]
    The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.
  • Alchemy [M0000639]
  • Anatomy, Regional [M0001089]
  • Animal Husbandry [M0001225]
    The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
  • Anthropology [M0001318]
    The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
  • Anthropology, Cultural [M0001319]
    The study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of a particular ethnic group.
  • Anthropology, Physical [M0001321]
    The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
  • Anthroposophy [M0001323]
    Knowledge of the nature of man. A spiritual and mystical doctrine that grew out of theosophy and derives mainly from the philosophy of Rudolph Steiner, Austrian social philosopher (1861-1925). (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Aquaculture [M0026840]
    Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
  • Archaeology [M0001662]
    The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
  • Architecture [M0001667]
  • Art [M0001727]
  • Artificial Intelligence [M0001763]
    The study and implementation of techniques and methods for designing computer systems to perform functions normally associated with human intelligence, such as understanding language, learning, reasoning, problem solving, etc.
  • Astronomy [M0001893]
    The science concerned with celestial bodies and the observation and interpretation of the radiation received in the vicinity of the earth from the component parts of the universe (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
  • Aviation [M0002038]
    Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air aircraft.
  • Ballistics [M0445987]
    The science of studying projectiles in motion.
  • Ballistics, Wound [M0023021]
  • Behavioral Sciences [M0002293]
    Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.
  • Biochemistry [M0002508]
  • Biological Sciences [M0002535]
    All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
  • Biomimetics [M0401325]
    An interdisciplinary field in materials science, ENGINEERING, and BIOLOGY, studying the use of biological principles for synthesis or fabrication of BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS.
  • Bionics [M0002550]
    The study of systems, particularly electronic systems, which function after the manner of, in a manner characteristic of, or resembling living systems. Also, the science of applying biological techniques and principles to the design of electronic systems.
  • Bionomics [M0006987]
  • Botany [M0002838]
  • Chemical Engineering [M0004006]
  • Chemistry [M0004011]
  • Chemistry, Agricultural [M0004013]
  • Chemistry, Analytical [M0004014]
    The branch of chemistry dealing with detection (qualitative) and determination (quantitative) of substances. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
  • Chemistry, Bioinorganic [M0023718]
    A field of chemistry which pertains to the study of inorganic compounds or ions in biological systems.
  • Chemistry, Inorganic [M0023717]
    A field of chemistry which pertains to chemical compounds or ions that do not contain the element carbon (with the exception of carbon dioxide and compounds containing a carbonate radical, e.g., calcium carbonate).
  • Chemistry, Organic [M0004016]
  • Chemistry, Physical [M0004019]
  • Child Advocacy [M0004050]
    Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.
  • Communication [M0004869]
    The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
  • Consumer Advocacy [M0005053]
    The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
  • Craniology [M0005285]
    The scientific study of variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium.
  • Criminal Psychology [M0005327]
    The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.
  • Criminology [M0005328]
    The study of crime and criminals with special reference to the personality factors and social conditions leading toward, or away from crime.
  • Dairying [M0005647]
  • Decision Analysis [M0005728]
  • Decision Theory [M0005733]
    A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
  • Demography [M0005814]
    Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
  • Developmental Biology [M0023870]
    The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
  • Drug Design [M0023350]
    The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
  • Drug Modeling [M0023351]
  • Ecology [M0006988]
    The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
  • Economics [M0007005]
    The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
  • Economics, Dental [M0007024]
    Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
  • Economics, Hospital [M0007025]
    Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.
  • Economics, Medical [M0007026]
    Economic aspects of the field of medicine, the medical profession, and health care. It includes the economic and financial impact of disease in general on the patient, the physician, society, or government.
  • Economics, Nursing [M0007027]
    Economic aspects of the nursing profession.
  • Electrochemistry [M0007175]
    The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
  • Engineering [M0007447]
    The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
  • Engineering Psychology [M0010641]
  • Engraving [M0007450]
  • Entomology [M0007494]
    A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
  • Entropy [M0028706]
    The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Ergonomics [M0010643]
  • Esthetics [M0007768]
    The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of the beautiful. It includes beauty, esthetic experience, esthetic judgment, esthetic aspects of medicine, etc.
  • Ethnobotany [M0028935]
    The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
  • Ethnography [M0001320]
  • Ethnology [M0007881]
    The comparative and theoretical study of culture, often synonymous with cultural anthropology.
  • Ethnopsychology [M0007883]
    Comparative psychology of races and peoples.
  • Ethology [M0007885]
    The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.
  • Eugenics [M0007938]
  • Fiber Optics [M0008423]
  • Food Parasitology [M0024860]
    The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.
  • Food Sciences [M0490254]
  • Food Technology [M0008705]
    The application of knowledge to the food industry.
  • Forensic Ballistics [M0445990]
    The science of studying projectiles in motion, BALLISTICS, being applied to law. Ballistics on firearm projectiles, such as bullets, include the study of what happens inside the weapon, during the flight of the projectile, and when the projectile strikes the target, such as body tissue.
  • Forensic Sciences [M0445985]
    Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.
  • Forensic Toxicology [M0494878]
    The application of TOXICOLOGY knowledge to questions of law.
  • Forestry [M0025154]
    The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
  • Futurology [M0008737]
  • Genetics, Population [M0009147]
    The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as SELECTION (GENETICS), population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
  • Geography [M0009179]
    The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
  • Geography, Medical [M0009183]
  • Geology [M0009184]
  • Gerontology [M0009198]
  • Gnotobiotics [M0009203]
  • Histocytochemistry [M0010416]
    Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.
  • Historical Demography [M0005815]
  • Historiography [M0010435]
    The writing of history; the principles, theory, and history of historical writing; the product of historical writing. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • History [M0010437]
  • History of Dentistry [M0010438]
  • History of Medicine [M0010439]
  • History of Nursing [M0010468]
  • Hospital Groundskeeping [M0012903]
  • Human Engineering [M0010642]
    The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
  • Human Geography [M0009180]
  • Humanities [M0010652]
  • Hydroponics [M0027775]
    A technique for growing plants in culture solutions rather than in soil. The roots are immersed in an aerated solution containing the correct proportions of essential mineral salts. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
  • Industrial Arts [M0021108]
  • Industries, Heavy [M0013514]
  • Information Science [M0011313]
    The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.
  • Information Theory [M0011324]
    An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.
  • Interior Design [M0011495]
  • Kinesics [M0012041]
    Systematic study of the body and the use of its static and dynamic position as a means of communication.
  • Landscaping, Hospital [M0012905]
  • Language Arts [M0012202]
    Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
  • Librarianship [M0012464]
  • Library Science [M0012465]
    Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.
  • Lie Detection [M0012492]
    Ascertaining of deception through detection of emotional disturbance as manifested by changes in physiologic processes usually using a polygraph.
  • Linguistics [M0012527]
    The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Magnetics [M0012897]
    The study of magnetic phenomena and magnetic fields. Magnetism produced by electric currents is ELECTROMAGNETICS.
  • Marine Biology [M0013034]
  • Mathematics [M0013125]
  • Metallurgy [M0013513]
    The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
  • Metaphysics [M0013524]
    The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Meteorology [M0013533]
  • Microchemistry [M0013770]
    The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.
  • Microfluidics [M0444324]
    The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.
  • Military Science [M0013883]
  • Mortuary Practice [M0014083]
    Activities associated with the physical burial of the dead. It excludes cultural practices such as funeral rites.
  • Mycology [M0014303]
  • Nanomedicine [M0478944]
    The branch of medicine concerned with the application of NANOTECHNOLOGY to the prevention and treatment of disease. It involves the monitoring, repair, construction, and control of human biological systems at the molecular level, using engineered nanodevices and NANOSTRUCTURES. (From Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, vol 1, 1999).
  • Nanotechnology [M0409290]
    The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.
  • Natural History [M0028400]
    A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
  • Natural Sciences [M0016787]
    The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.
  • Naval Science [M0013884]
  • Nuclear Physics [M0015041]
  • Numismatics [M0015081]
    Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
  • Occupations [M0015200]
    Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
  • Oceanography [M0015202]
    The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Optics [M0015365]
  • Paleography [M0015769]
    The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing. It includes the deciphering of manuscripts and other forms to determine their date, provenance, etc. (Webster's 1st ed)
  • Paleontology [M0015770]
    The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
  • Parasitology [M0015921]
  • Philately [M0016592]
    Study of stamps or postal markings. It usually refers to the design and commemorative aspects of the stamp.
  • Philosophy [M0016600]
    A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
  • Philosophy, Dental [M0016603]
  • Philosophy, Medical [M0016604]
  • Phonetics [M0016625]
    The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Photochemistry [M0016744]
  • Photography [M0016749]
    Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
  • Physical Education [M0016779]
  • Physical Education and Training [M0016780]
    Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
  • Physical Sciences [M0388503]
  • Physics [M0016810]
  • Plumbing [M0019414]
  • Politics [M0017128]
    Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
  • Population Control [M0017297]
    Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
  • Prehistoric Demography [M0005820]
  • Programming, Linear [M0017683]
    A technique of operations research for solving certain kinds of problems involving many variables where a best value or set of best values is to be found. It is most likely to be feasible when the quantity to be optimized, sometimes called the objective function, can be stated as a mathematical expression in terms of the various activities within the system, and when this expression is simply proportional to the measure of the activities, i.e., is linear, and when all the restrictions are also linear. It is different from computer programming, although problems using linear programming techniques may be programmed on a computer.
  • Pronatalist Policy [M0025383]
  • Psycholinguistics [M0018002]
    A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
  • Psychology, Applied [M0018013]
    The science which utilizes psychologic principles to derive more effective means in dealing with practical problems.
  • Psychology, Military [M0018020]
    The branch of applied psychology concerned with psychological aspects of selection, assignment, training, morale, etc., of Armed Forces personnel.
  • Public Advocacy [M0005054]
  • Public Health Informatics [M0421530]
    The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning. It is the discipline that integrates public health with information technology. The development of this field and dissemination of informatics knowledge and expertise to public health professionals is the key to unlocking the potential of information systems to improve the health of the nation. (
  • Radiochemistry [M0018409]
  • Refractometry [M0018704]
    Measurement of the index of refraction (the ratio of the velocity of light or other radiation in the first of two media to its velocity in the second as it passes from one into the other).
  • Remote Operations (Robotics) [M0019231]
  • Robotics [M0019230]
    The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
  • Sanitary Engineering [M0019415]
    A branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and maintenance of environmental facilities conducive to public health, such as water supply and waste disposal.
  • Sanitation [M0019416]
    The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
  • Science [M0019526]
    The systematic observation of natural phenomena for the purpose of discovering laws governing those phenomena. The body of knowledge accumulated by such means. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
  • Semantics [M0019627]
    The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
  • Social Sciences [M0020047]
    Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
  • Social Work [M0020063]
    The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
  • Sociobiology [M0389924]
    The comparative study of social organization in animals including humans, especially with regard to its genetic basis and evolutionary history. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
  • Sociology [M0020088]
    A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
  • Software Design [M0020127]
    Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
  • Software Engineering [M0020124]
  • Software Validation [M0020128]
    The act of testing the software for compliance with a standard.
  • Statistics [M0020458]
    The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
  • Systems Analysis [M0020981]
    The analysis of an activity, procedure, method, technique, or business to determine what must be accomplished and how the necessary operations may best be accomplished.
  • Taxonomy [M0004540]
  • Technology [M0021109]
    The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
  • Technology, High-Cost [M0021113]
    Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.
  • Telerobotics [M0019232]
  • Teratology [M0027881]
    That division of embryology which deals with abnormal development and congenital malformations. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
  • Thermodynamics [M0021301]
    A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
  • Translating [M0021826]
    Conversion from one language to another language.
  • Ultrasonics [M0022238]
    A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than SOUND waves (beyond 20 kilohertz), but usually restricted to frequencies above 500,000 Hertz. Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.
  • Undertaking [M0014084]
  • Writing [M0023030]
    The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.