MeSH
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Organism Attribute

MeSH ID: T032

Related Concepts:

  • Ability [M0001630]
  • Adiposity [M0472891]
    The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
  • Ambidexterity [M0012252]
  • Ampicillin Resistance [M0001029]
    Nonsusceptibility of a microbe to the action of ampicillin, a penicillin derivative that interferes with cell wall synthesis.
  • Anisocoria, Physiologic [M0337424]
  • Antibiotic Resistance [M0377150]
  • Antibiotic Resistance, Bacterial [M0377151]
  • Antibiotic Resistance, Fungal [M0377155]
  • Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial [M0006842]
  • Anticipation, Genetic [M0029871]
    The apparent tendency of certain diseases to appear at earlier AGE OF ONSET and with increasing severity in successive generations. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
  • Aortic Arch [M0001543]
  • Apgar Score [M0001568]
    A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
  • Axis [M0002051]
  • beta-Lactam Resistance [M0027663]
    Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of the beta-lactam antibiotics. Mechanisms responsible for beta-lactam resistance may be degradation of antibiotics by BETA-LACTAMASES, failure of antibiotics to penetrate, or low-affinity binding of antibiotics to targets.
  • Birth Weight [M0002604]
    The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
  • Blood Volume [M0002728]
    Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
  • Body Composition [M0002741]
    The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percent body fat.
  • Body Constitution [M0002742]
    The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
  • Body Fat Distribution [M0473319]
    Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
  • Body Height [M0002747]
    The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
  • Body Size [M0002743]
    The physical measurements of a body.
  • Body Surface Area [M0002750]
  • Body Temperature [M0002751]
  • Body Weight [M0002758]
    The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
  • Breech Presentation [M0002916]
    A malpresentation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR with the fetal cephalic pole in the fundus of the UTERUS. There are three types of breech: the complete breech with flexed hips and knees; the incomplete breech with one or both hips partially or fully extended; the frank breech with flexed hips and extended knees.
  • Caries Resistance, Dental [M0005858]
  • Cell Nucleus Shape [M0491595]
    The quality of surface form or outline of the CELL NUCLEUS.
  • Cell Nucleus Size [M0491596]
    The quantity of volume or surface area of a CELL NUCLEUS.
  • Cell Nucleus Volume [M0491597]
  • Cell Shape [M0026137]
    The quality of surface form or outline of CELLS.
  • Cell Size [M0026138]
    The quantity of volume or surface area of CELLS.
  • Cell Volume [M0026139]
  • Cephalosporin Resistance [M0027813]
    Non-susceptibility of an organism to the action of the cephalosporins.
  • Chimerism [M0454629]
    The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from different individuals. This contrasts with MOSAICISM in which the different cell populations are derived from a single individual.
  • Chloramphenicol Resistance [M0004129]
    Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of CHLORAMPHENICOL, a potent inhibitor of protein synthesis in the 50S ribosomal subunit where amino acids are added to nascent bacterial polypeptides.
  • Complete Breech [M0463757]
  • Crown-Rump Length [M0027833]
    In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)
  • Dental Caries Susceptibility [M0005857]
  • Differential Fertility [M0008361]
  • Diploidy [M0006526]
    The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.
  • Disease Progression [M0027676]
    The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
  • Disease Resistance [M0413729]
  • Disease Susceptibility [M0006569]
    A constitution or condition of the body which makes the tissues react in special ways to certain extrinsic stimuli and thus tends to make the individual more than usually susceptible to certain diseases.
  • Drug Resistance [M0006840]
    Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial [M0368434]
    The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
  • Drug Resistance, Fungal [M0373766]
    The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antifungal agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation.
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial [M0006841]
    The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple [M0027656]
    Simultaneous resistance to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs.
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial [M0368437]
    The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Fungal [M0377110]
    The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance phenotype may be attributed to multiple gene mutations.
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Viral [M0368438]
    The ability of viruses to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance phenotype may be attributed to multiple gene mutation.
  • Drug Resistance, Viral [M0368435]
    The ability of viruses to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents or antiviral agents. This resistance is acquired through gene mutation.
  • Drug Tolerance [M0006854]
    Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.
  • Ectomorph [M0020161]
  • Electric Organ [M0007168]
    In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)
  • Endomorph [M0020162]
  • Eye Color [M0008087]
    Color of the iris.
  • Facies [M0028463]
    The appearance of the face that is often characteristic of a disease or pathological condition, as the elfin facies of WILLIAMS SYNDROME or the mongoloid facies of DOWN SYNDROME. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
  • Female [M0008308]
  • Fertility [M0008362]
    The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
  • Fertility Determinants [M0008368]
  • Fertility, Below Replacement [M0008367]
  • Fetal Malpresentation [M0457459]
  • Fetal Organ Maturity [M0008408]
    Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.
  • Fetal Viability [M0008412]
    The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
  • Fetal Weight [M0328468]
    The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
  • Frank Breech Presentation [M0457460]
  • Functional Laterality [M0012253]
    Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
  • Genetic Heterogeneity [M0028075]
    The presence of apparently similar characters for which the genetic evidence indicates that different genes or different genetic mechanisms are involved in different pedigrees. In clinical settings genetic heterogeneity refers to the presence of a variety of genetic defects which cause the same disease, often due to mutations at different loci on the same gene, a finding common to many human diseases including ALZHEIMER DISEASE; CYSTIC FIBROSIS; LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE DEFICIENCY, FAMILIAL; and POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES. (Rieger, et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease [M0029732]
    A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
  • Genotype [M0009166]
    The genetic constitution of the individual; the characterization of the genes.
  • Genotypic Sex [M0446358]
  • Gestational Age [M0009214]
    The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
  • Hair Color [M0009749]
    Color of hair or fur.
  • Handedness [M0492442]
  • Haplotypes [M0009796]
    The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
  • Heart Rate [M0009960]
    The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
  • Heart Rate, Fetal [M0009961]
    The heart rate of the FETUS. The normal range at term is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.
  • Herbicide Resistance [M0491962]
    Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.
  • Immunity, Natural [M0011078]
    The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from non-specific mechanisms such as naturally occurring antiviral and bactericidal substances, PHAGOCYTOSIS, and constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE, oxygen tension, and age.
  • Incomplete Breech [M0463758]
  • Insecticide Resistance [M0011388]
    The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
  • Kanamycin Resistance [M0011920]
    Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the antibiotic KANAMYCIN, which can bind to their 70S ribosomes and cause misreading of messenger RNA.
  • Labor Presentation [M0012109]
    The position or orientation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR, determined by its relation to the SPINE of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the NECK.
  • Male [M0012923]
  • Marital Fertility [M0008364]
  • Mating Type, Fungal [M0009088]
  • Mesomorph [M0020163]
  • Methicillin Resistance [M0024598]
    Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.
  • Methods [M0013587]
  • Microchimerism [M0454630]
    A low number of circulating cells transferred from one individual to another. This often refers to fetal cells persisting in the material circulation and may play a role in the pathogenesis of AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
  • Mitochondrial Size [M0491593]
    The quantity of volume or surface area of MITOCHONDRIA.
  • Mitochondrial Volume [M0491594]
  • Mosaicism [M0014087]
    The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from a single ZYGOTE, as opposed to CHIMERISM in which the different cell populations are derived from more than one zygote.
  • Multiparity [M0015957]
  • Natural Fertility [M0008365]
  • Nulliparity [M0015958]
  • Nutritional Status [M0015126]
    State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
  • Organ Size [M0464911]
    The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
  • Organ Temperature [M0002752]
  • Organ Volume [M0480430]
  • Organ Weight [M0015400]
  • Organelle Shape [M0491582]
    The quality of surface form or outline of ORGANELLES.
  • Organelle Size [M0491590]
    The quantity of volume or surface area of ORGANELLES.
  • Organelle Volume [M0491591]
  • Parity [M0015959]
    The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
  • Parity Progression Ratio [M0015960]
  • Pathogenicity [M0413030]
    The capacity of a microorganism to cause disease.
  • Penicillin Resistance [M0016140]
    Nonsusceptibility of an organism to the action of penicillins.
  • Phenotype [M0016527]
    The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
  • Phenotypic Sex [M0446359]
  • Pregnancy History [M0026648]
  • Prematurity [M0011289]
  • Primiparity [M0015961]
  • Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure [M0018149]
  • Quantitative Trait, Heritable [M0029158]
    A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
  • Radiation Tolerance [M0018386]
    The ability of some cells or tissues to withstand ionizing radiation without serious injury. Tolerance depends on the species, cell type, and physical and chemical variables, including RADIATION-PROTECTIVE AGENTS and RADIATION-SENSITIZING AGENTS.
  • Resistance, Natural [M0413730]
  • Sex [M0019710]
    The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.
  • Sex Characteristics [M0019727]
    Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
  • Skin Pigmentation [M0019941]
    Coloration of the skin.
  • Skin Temperature [M0019942]
  • Somatotypes [M0020159]
    Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).
  • Subfecundity [M0008369]
  • Sulfur Dioxide [M0020801]
    A highly toxic, colorless, nonflammable gas. It is used as a pharmaceutical aid and antioxidant. It is also an environmental air pollutant.
  • Supine Position [M0025417]
    The posture of an individual lying face up.
  • Tetracycline Resistance [M0021222]
    Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of TETRACYCLINE which inhibits aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit during protein synthesis.
  • Trimethoprim Resistance [M0021992]
    Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of TRIMETHOPRIM.
  • Vancomycin Resistance [M0328600]
    Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of VANCOMYCIN, an inhibitor of cell wall synthesis.
  • Virulence [M0022753]
    The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
  • Visual Acuity [M0022776]
    Acuteness or clearness of vision, especially of form vision, which is dependent mainly on the sharpness of the retinal focus.
  • Waist-Hip Ratio [M0002744]
    The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)